Presentation on theme: "Bell Ringer What are the similarities and differences between the New England, Middle, and Southern Colonies? List them!"— Presentation transcript:
1 Bell RingerWhat are the similarities and differences between the New England, Middle, and Southern Colonies? List them!
2 Africa, the Unknown Continent Europeans only knew the parts of Africa that touched the Mediterranean sea.North Africa flourished due to the influence of Islam and its Muslim followers. The rest of Africa was fairly unknown because of the vast Sahara desert.The Europeans couldn’t just sail down the coast line of Africa until the 15th century because they lacked the technology to navigate the harsh winds.Vasco de Gama sailed for Portugal, and was credited with sailing around the tip of Africa and on to India.
3 Africa, the Unknown Continent The African warriors were too strong for the European sailors to take over the land as they had in America.The sailing ships brought one idea with them, technology, which interested both peoples. The Europeans brought guns, cloth, kettles, iron and mirrors that the Kings wanted.The Africans had PEOPLE- healthy and hardy people that could be used to mine and grow crops in the place that the Europeans were calling the NEW WORLD.
4 Slavery In AfricaEvery year West African Kings sold about 1,000 slaves to Arab traders and thus became an important part of their economy.Slaves came from the conquered and captured during warfare.
5 Slavery In AfricaSlavery in Africa wasn’t based on racial superiority or inferiority. That concept developed in the Americas.
6 The Portuguese Exploit the Slave Trade The desire for gold led the Portuguese down the coast of Africa, but over time they found that trade with the coastal Kings of Africa was more profitable.This trade included enslaved Africans that were rounded up by the King’s armies.
7 The Portuguese Exploit the Slave Trade The Portuguese developed fortified posts at key harbors on the western coast of Africa, which held the slaves that were waiting for transport.Most of the slaves were then transported to the American plantations, by crossing the Atlantic and enduring the brutal Middle Passage.
13 Slavery in the Americas From the 1400s to the 1800’s, more than 10 million Africans made a forced journey to the Americas.In the beginning of the slave trade colonists treated African slaves like indentured servants; they could earn their freedom.Soon laws were passed to support permanent enslavement; children of slaves would now be slaves too
14 Slavery in the Americas This change in the law promoted the racist idea that people of African origin were inferior to whites.41% of African slaves went to Caribbean Islands; 37% went to Portuguese Brazil; 15% went to Spanish America; and only 4.5% went to the British colonies.
15 Africans in the Americas Enslaved families were often broken up at slave auctions to make it more difficult to escape or rebel.Slaves in the North usually worked as farmhands, dockworkers, sailors, and servants.In the Southern Colonies slaves made up 40% of the population and worked on the large plantations.Here, they worked 12 hour days; 6 days a week and lived in huts with dirt floors, no windows, and almost no furniture.
16 Africans in the Americas Some enslaved Africans would rebel, but running away was more common; others would rebel by working slowly, pretending to be sick, or breaking toolsMost Africans remained slaves for life, but some did become free; most of these lived in small free black communities in the northern colonies.
17 A New CultureIn the colonies, African Americans developed a rich culture based on African traditions and life in America.Those African traditions were a blend of many different African cultures and lifestyles.
18 A New CultureMost African Americans adopted Christianity, and blended it with some of their own beliefs.They also modified African instruments including banjos, rattles, and drums to create a music that focused on rhythm and percussion.
19 What was the saddest part of the Middle Passage? Exit TicketWhat was the saddest part of the Middle Passage?
20 How were the New England colonies involved in the Triangular Trade? Off The TeeHow were the New England colonies involved in the Triangular Trade?
21 Which of the 13 colonies would you most like to live in? In The HoleWhich of the 13 colonies would you most like to live in?
22 Off The TeeList any terms from the board that you aren’t sure you could define if you had to?
23 How do you think you did on the test? Did the study guide help? In The HoleHow do you think you did on the test? Did the study guide help?