Presentation on theme: "Ch. 10.1. The Impact of the War with Mexico Major American Impacts: Mexican Cession – Gained 1/3 more land. Free California Slavery – Wilmot Proviso."— Presentation transcript:
The Impact of the War with Mexico President Polk did not think slavery would be an issue in the new Mexican Territory. He was wrong. Wilmot Proviso – outraged southerners. Sen. Lewis Cass (MI) – Proposes popular sovereignty. Let the citizens of each state decide if they want slavery or not.
Pros and Cons of Popular Sovereignty ProsCons Seems democratic. One man, one vote Removes the slavery debate from national politics. Wouldn’t impact slavery in the existing states. Encourages westward expansion—more freedom. Could lead to corruption. One man, many votes. Could still deny human rights to African-Americans. Wouldn't impact slavery in the existing states. Could lead to too much freedom, which could cause confusion in national politics.
Whig Party after the Mexican-AM War Whig Party chose Zachary Taylor as their presidential candidate for the election of 1848. Party was split. Conscience Whigs – anti-slavery, anti-Taylor. Cotton Whigs- pro-slavery, pro- Taylor. Manufacturers who relied on southern cotton. Conscience Whigs quit the Whig party and joined Northern Democrats who opposed slavery. Formed the Free-Soil Party.
Election of 1848 Three Candidates: Democrat: Lewis Cass Supports popular sovereignty. Free-Soil: Martin van Buren Supports Wilmot Proviso, very anti-slavery. Whig: Zachary Taylor Avoids slavery issue; uses his military achievements in speeches—Jacksonian democracy. Taylor wins election of 1848.
California 1849- 80,000 gold miners flood into California. “Forty-Niners” California wished to be admitted to the Union as a free state. Missouri Compromise? Oregon? Wilmot Proviso? The slavery issue is raised again. Southern states begin threatening secession.
Compromise of 1850 Sen. Henry Clay (The Great Compromiser) comes up with a plan to form a compromise. Compromise of 1850 1. California admitted as a free state. 2. Rest of the Mexican Cession would have no restrictions on slavery. (Goodbye Wilmot Proviso, hello Popular Sovereignty.) 3. Texas/New Mexico Border was established. 4. Slave trade abolished in the District of Columbia, but not slavery altogether.
Compromise of 1850 5. Congress could not interfere with domestic slave trade. 6. The federal gov’t would pass a new fugitive slave law. 7. The federal gov’t would take on Texas’ debts.
Compromise of 1850 Causes a great debate. Sen. Stephen Douglass (IL) divides the plan into smaller bills. Allows congress to vote on specific parts of it they liked. The bills end up passing through congress. Significance: Provides a short-term solution for slavery, but the country is still divided on the issue.