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Chapter 14 Section 1 Growing Tensions Over Slavery Set Questions: 1.What area was acquired by the United States due to the Mexican-American War? 2.What.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 14 Section 1 Growing Tensions Over Slavery Set Questions: 1.What area was acquired by the United States due to the Mexican-American War? 2.What."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 14 Section 1 Growing Tensions Over Slavery Set Questions: 1.What area was acquired by the United States due to the Mexican-American War? 2.What is popular sovereignty? 3.What issue has been decided by popular sovereignty in today’s time period? 4.If a state wants to secede what does that mean?

2 Chapter 14 Section 1 Growing Tensions Over Slavery Objectives Explain why conflict arose over the issue of slavery in the territories after the Mexican- American War. Identify the goal of the Free-Soil Party.

3 Chapter 14 Section 1 Growing Tensions Over Slavery Terms and People popular sovereignty – policy having people in the territory or state vote directly on issues rather than having elected officials decide secede – to withdraw fugitives – enslaved people who have run away Henry Clay – Kentucky senator who worked on the Missouri Compromise

4 Chapter 14 Section 1 Growing Tensions Over Slavery Terms and People (continued) John C. Calhoun – South Carolina senator who opposed the Missouri Compromise Daniel Webster – Massachusetts senator who called for an end to the bitter sectionalism

5 Chapter 14 Section 1 Growing Tensions Over Slavery How did the question of admission of new states to the Union fuel the debate over slavery and states’ rights? The Missouri Compromise of 1820 temporarily quieted the differences between the North and South. However, new territory added as a result of America’s victory in the Mexican-American War renewed the conflict.

6 Chapter 14 Section 1 Growing Tensions Over Slavery Argument over Slave or Free From 1820 to 1848, the balance of power between North and South held: 15 free states and 15 slave states. The tie could be broken by new territory gained in the Mexican- American War.

7 Chapter 14 Section 1 Growing Tensions Over Slavery Even before the Mexican-American War had ended, politicians argued over what to do. Still, it angered Southerners, who viewed the bill as an attack on slavery by the North. The Wilmot Proviso Representative David Wilmot from Pennsylvania proposed a ban on slavery in all Mexican Cession territories. The bill passed in the House but not in the Senate.

8 Chapter 14 Section 1 Growing Tensions Over Slavery Why did Pennsylvania have a long tradition of opposing slavery? Quakers

9 Chapter 14 Section 1 Growing Tensions Over Slavery In the 1848 election, many Democrats and Whigs were disappointed with their party’s stand on slavery. Antislavery Democrats and Whigs formed a new political party. The Free-Soil Party chose Martin Van Buren as its candidate. Free-Soil Party The party called for the territory from the Mexican- American War to be “free soil.”

10 Chapter 14 Section 1 Growing Tensions Over Slavery Critics called Free-Soil Party members “barnburners.” They accused them of burning the barn (the Democratic Party) to get rid of proslavery “rats.”

11 Chapter 14 Section 1 Growing Tensions Over Slavery He wanted to let the people in each state or territory decide whether to allow slavery. Democratic candidate Lewis Cass of Michigan suggested a solution that he hoped everyone would like. popular sovereignty The Free-Soil Party took votes away from Senator Cass.

12 Chapter 14 Section 1 Growing Tensions Over Slavery PartyCandidatePolicy Democratic Party Senator Lewis Casspopular sovereignty Free-Soil Party Martin Van Burenslavery banned Whig PartyGeneral Zachary Taylorno stated policy Presidential Election of 1848 Zachary Taylor won the election.

13 Chapter 14 Section 1 Growing Tensions Over Slavery North and South also clashed over California, which was ready to become a state. Southerners feared losing power. They threatened to secede from the nation if California was made a free state. Northerners argued that California should be a free state because most of its territory lay north of the Missouri Compromise.

14 Chapter 14 Section 1 Growing Tensions Over Slavery North and South also disagreed over other issues related to slavery. Southerners called for a law that would force the return of fugitives. Northerners wanted the slave trade abolished in Washington, D.C. Months passed, and no solution was reached.

15 Chapter 14 Section 1 Growing Tensions Over Slavery In 1850, Senator Henry Clay of Kentucky made a series of proposals to resolve this conflict. The Senate’s discussion of Clay’s proposals produced one of the greatest debates in American history.

16 Chapter 14 Section 1 Growing Tensions Over Slavery John C. CalhounDaniel Webster The U.S. needed to amend the constitution. Otherwise, the South should secede. The U.S. should end sectionalism and adopt the compromise. John C. Calhoun spoke against the compromise, and Daniel Webster spoke for it.

17 Chapter 14 Section 1 Growing Tensions Over Slavery With the territories acquired by the Mexican- American war, the nation could no longer overlook the slavery issue. At first, Clay’s compromise seemed to work for both sides. However, the compromise soon fell apart.

18 Chapter 14 Section 1 Growing Tensions Over Slavery Closing Questions: 1.How did the land acquired due to the Mexican- American War fuel the debate over slavery? 2.What was the “balance of power” which was discussed in this section? 3.What was the main goal of the free soil party? 4.What did the Wilmot Proviso propose? 5.Why did southerners not want California to be admitted as a free state?

19 Chapter 14 Section 1 Growing Tensions Over Slavery Section Review Know It, Show It QuizQuickTake Quiz


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