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Imperialism 1800-1900 Imperialism in Africa. Early expansion  Started in about 1492 and ended around 1783-(what is important about that date)  The first.

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Presentation on theme: "Imperialism 1800-1900 Imperialism in Africa. Early expansion  Started in about 1492 and ended around 1783-(what is important about that date)  The first."— Presentation transcript:

1 Imperialism Imperialism in Africa

2 Early expansion  Started in about 1492 and ended around 1783-(what is important about that date)  The first wave of empire building focused on the “New world”  90% of the America's population disappeared by 1600  This meant there would be little resistances for European settlers

3 Early expansion  Until about 1800 European influence in Africa and Asia was limited to trade island and coastal holdings –mostly for trade  Africa and Asia continued to flourish  The second wave of expansion and empire building will be different

4 Second wave of expansion and empire building  This empire building starts within Europe and moves out  The Industrial revolution had given Europeans more advanced technology and an obscene about of wealth  By 1914 all of Asia except 1 country will fall under the rule of a European nation  By 1914 all of Africa except 2 countries will fall under European rule

5 Imperialism-quack  What is imperialism?  The overtaking of a country or territory through political, economic, religious, or cultural means  A weaker country is dominated by a stronger country  The stronger country will take over the weaker counties culture  The weaker counties may be exploited

6 Why did the Europeans want these other countries-Quack  1-Nationalism: European counties viewed colonies as measures of greatness/strength and power –The more colonies you had the more prestigious your nation appeared

7 Quack  2-Industrial revolution -The IR required natural resources and new markets –These “weaker” countries had both

8 Quack  3- Racism- Europeans believed they were better than other races of people –1859 Darwin published “The Origin of Species” –Survival of the fittest –Europeans had something to prove about the fittest man on earth –Social Darwinism was born –Show handout that would not scan p.s do not write this one

9 Social Darwinism-quack  Wealthy Europeans viewed themselves as the fittest  Non Europeans were inferior  They were less advanced technological –Europeans thought it was their god given right to spread their “progress” and way of life. Even if they were not invited  Missionaries pushed imperialism

10 Competition  Survival of the fittest promoted competition- quack  Imperialism was about proving ones nation superiority over another  Military competition-I have bigger bombs than you do  Political competition-I have a superior way of government and life style  Economic competition-I am richer than you  Sprinkle a little racism on top and you got yourself and imperialist power

11 Africa-quack  Africa was intriguing to Europeans  Africa had natural resources like  Diamonds and gold  Both found in South Africa

12 Taking Africa-quack  The machine Gun 1889  Major European advantage  Europe had better tech communication railroads, industry  Cure for Malaria: allows Europe's to travel inland to Africa  Africa was divide into many different tribes and many dif. Langue and cultures-hard to unite

13 Africa 1820

14 Quack  By 1880 every industrialized nation wanted a piece of Africa  Berlin Conference –Held to prevent fighting between European nations 14 attended –No Africans were invited-how rude –Rules outlined there-1-if a country claimed an area, other nations were to be notified-that is the only polite thing to do right-gentleman like

15 Quack  2- Had to be able to control the area or another country may step in and restore order

16 Africa 1914

17 War within the colonies-quack  British and Boers (Dutch farmers) fight for south Africa use natives against each other  Boer war-Things got real ugly not very gentleman like  British won and created the union of South Africa  Devastating effect upon the native people

18 Brain storm  Good side to imperialism  Bad side for Imperialism

19 The GoodThe Bad  Sanitation  Schools and Hospitals  Economy Grew  Transportation- Irrigation- communication  Lost land and independence  Deteriorating culture and traditions  Displaced family units  Imaginary boundaries cause conflict and war with in Africa

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21 Tomorrow Asia and Imperialism


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