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Unit 9: Nationalism, Imperialism, and World War I.

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1 Unit 9: Nationalism, Imperialism, and World War I

2 I. Nationalism The belief that one’s greatest loyalty should be to a nation who share a common culture and history The belief that one’s greatest loyalty should be to a nation who share a common culture and history Loyalty to your country Loyalty to your country Share a language, history, and culture Share a language, history, and culture

3 Nationalism Inquiry Activity On the bottom of your notes, number 1-4 On the bottom of your notes, number 1-4 For each of the following images, write down anything that comes to mind. For each of the following images, write down anything that comes to mind. 3-5 words/phrases/ideas per image 3-5 words/phrases/ideas per image

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7 Oh, say can you see by the dawn's early light What so proudly we hailed at the twilight's last gleaming? Whose broad stripes and bright stars thru the perilous fight, O'er the ramparts we watched were so gallantly streaming? And the rocket's red glare, the bombs bursting in air, Gave proof through the night that our flag was still there. Oh, say does that star-spangled banner yet wave O'er the land of the free and the home of the brave?

8 Now imagine you live in Europe in Napoleon’s Empire….. Now imagine you live in Europe in Napoleon’s Empire….. Group A: You want to write a letter to Napoleon asking for independence. Group A: You want to write a letter to Napoleon asking for independence. Group B: You are Napoleon. You want to write a letter to the people you have conquered explaining why they are better off in your empire Group B: You are Napoleon. You want to write a letter to the people you have conquered explaining why they are better off in your empire However, you both only have the space of a postcard. Make sure to give specific reasons and create a convincing argument However, you both only have the space of a postcard. Make sure to give specific reasons and create a convincing argument

9 Debrief Group A: You used ideas of NATIONALISM to write your postcard! Group A: You used ideas of NATIONALISM to write your postcard! Group B: You used ideas of IMPERIALISM to write your postcard…. Group B: You used ideas of IMPERIALISM to write your postcard….

10 Imperialism and the Scramble for Africa

11 Imperialism The takeover of a country or territory by a stronger nation with the intent of dominating the political, economic, and social life of the people of that nation The takeover of a country or territory by a stronger nation with the intent of dominating the political, economic, and social life of the people of that nation

12 Beginnings of Imperialism The industrial revolution created a need for: The industrial revolution created a need for: Raw materials Raw materials New markets for manufactured goods New markets for manufactured goods Nationalism fueled competition between countries Nationalism fueled competition between countries European countries begin to look at Africa and Asia European countries begin to look at Africa and Asia

13 Africa Before Imperialism Peoples divided into hundreds of ethnic groups Peoples divided into hundreds of ethnic groups 1,000 different languages 1,000 different languages Some contact along the coast with Europe Some contact along the coast with Europe African rivers prevented exploration to interior of continent African rivers prevented exploration to interior of continent Trade network between tribes Trade network between tribes

14 European Beliefs Believed they were better than other peoples because of their advanced society and technology Believed they were better than other peoples because of their advanced society and technology Social Darwinism: Social Darwinism: Those who were fittest for survival enjoyed wealth and success and were superior to others Those who were fittest for survival enjoyed wealth and success and were superior to others Non-Europeans were considered on a lower scale of cultural and physical development Non-Europeans were considered on a lower scale of cultural and physical development

15 European Beliefs White Man’s Burden: White Man’s Burden: Europeans had a responsibility to the colonial peoples to civilize and improve their lives Europeans had a responsibility to the colonial peoples to civilize and improve their lives Wanted to spread Christianity Wanted to spread Christianity

16 Helping the Europeans Better weaponry and technology Better weaponry and technology Transportation to move inland Transportation to move inland Advances in medicine Advances in medicine Tribal conflicts Tribal conflicts

17 Scramble for Africa Invasion and colonization of African territories by the Europeans Invasion and colonization of African territories by the Europeans Berlin Conference Berlin Conference European nations met to set up “rules” for colonizing Africa 14 European nations met to set up “rules” for colonizing Africa No Africans attended No Africans attended

18 Africa


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