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Imperialism in Africa & The Slave Trade Unit Two: Chapter Three.

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Presentation on theme: "Imperialism in Africa & The Slave Trade Unit Two: Chapter Three."— Presentation transcript:

1 Imperialism in Africa & The Slave Trade Unit Two: Chapter Three

2 Imperialism in Africa ImperialismImperialism domination –The domination by one country of the political, social, economic, and/or cultural life of another country

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4 Imperialism in Africa The Age of Imperialism is broken into two periods: –Old Imperialism: Time between 1500 and 1800, when European nations looked to gain territory on the coast of Africa. European power was limited

5 Imperialism in Africa New Imperialism: Time between 1870 and 1914, focused mainly in Africa. –European nations had become stronger due to the Industrial Revolution

6 Imperialism in Africa The Old Imperialism in Africa –Began in the 1400s The Portuguese explored the coasts of Africa They were unable to push into the African interior –Mid-1600s The Dutch arrived in Southwest Africa, and established Cape Town These Dutch were known as “Boers” The Boers enslaved many native Africans

7 Most of the European Controlled lands are Located on the coastal Areas of Africa

8 Imperialism in Africa Triangular Trade and Slavery –Causes of the Slave Trade Europeans viewed African slaves as the most valuable African trade goods in the 1500s Europeans began buying large numbers of Africans to satisfy the labor shortage on American plantations

9 Slaved being transported from Africa in the 1800s

10 Imperialism in Africa Triangular Trade –The slave trade grew into a valuable business –The “Triangular Trade” involved Europe, Africa, and the Americas The sea routes formed a triangle

11 The Triangular Trade between Africa, Europe, and the Americas

12 Imperialism in Africa The Slave Trade –Slavery was a complete disregard for Human Rights Enslaved people lost their freedom Enslaved people could be bought and sold Middle PassageEnslaved people endured disease, overcrowding, and terrible mistreatment in the Middle Passage

13 Example of the brutal mistreatment faced By the millions of Africans during the time Of the slave trade

14 Imperialism in Africa The Slave Trade –The Middle Passage The voyage from Africa to the Americas Millions of Africans died on the way from disease, mistreatment, or suicide

15 Above, a blueprint for a slave trip, and the Placement slaves throughout the ship. Right, a picture depicting African conditions On the slave ships

16 Imperialism in Africa Effects of the Slave Trade –When the slave trade ended in the 1800s, almost 11 million Africans were enslaved –Some African societies and small states completely disappeared forever

17 Imperialism in Africa Causes of New Imperialism –Nationalism: Promotes the idea of national superiority Imperialists felt they had the right to take control of countries they viewed as weaker

18 European nations carving up the world -- Imperialism

19 Imperialism in Africa Causes of New Imperialism –Social Darwinism Applied Charles Darwin’s theory of survival of the fittest to competition between nations It was natural for stronger nations to dominate weaker ones

20 Imperialism in Africa Causes of New Imperialism –Military Power A nation with many colonies had power and security Colonies were important as bases for resupply of ships

21 Imperialism in Africa Causes of New Imperialism –Economic Motives Imperialists needed raw materials to supply their factories Imperialists needed foreign markets to sell their products

22 Imperialism in Africa Causes of New Imperialism –White Man’s Burden Poem by Rudyard Kipling Expressed the idea that white imperialists had a moral duty to educate people in nations they considered to be weaker Missionaries spread western ideas, customs, and religions to people in Africa

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24 Imperialism in Africa The Scramble for Africa –Very little was known about the interior of Africa before 1870 Europeans referred to Africa as the “Dark Continent”

25 Imperialism in Africa The Scramble for Africa –1870s, King Leopold of Belgium sent missionaries to the center of Africa, the Congo –The presence of Belgium in the Congo set off a scramble among other European nations to establish a presence in Africa

26 King Leopold of Belgium, began The Scramble for Africa

27 The Belgian Congo – The first area in the interior of Africa controlled by Europeans

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29 Imperialism in Africa The Scramble for Africa –The Berlin Conference –The Berlin Conference 1884 Goal: For Europeans to meet to avoid conflict and set up rules for colonizing Africa Actions TakenActions Taken: Divided Africa with little regard for the people who lived there EffectsEffects: Most of the continent of Africa comes under control of Europeans

30 European nations meeting at the Berlin Conference, no African leaders were invited

31 Imperialism in Africa Battles in Africa –Boer War Background: Cecil Rhodes became Prime Minister of the Cape Colony (South Africa) Under Rhodes leadership, Britain began to extend its control of southern Africa

32 Cecil Rhodes expands Britain's control over the African continent

33 Imperialism in Africa Battles in Africa –Late 1800s: Britain annexed (Took over) the areas under control of the Boers The Boers resisted British control, and the Boer War began

34 Imperialism in Africa Battles in Africa –The Boer War Time: Between: British and Dutch Outcome: Britain wins –Establish the Union of South Africa in 1910

35 Pictures of Boer military men during The Boer War

36 Imperialism in Africa Effects of Imperialism –Large numbers of Africans came under foreign rule –Economies became dependent on industrialized powers –Western culture spread to new regions –Traditional societies were destroyed


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