Presentation on theme: "The Age of Imperialism 1850-1914 Imperialism: The takeover of a country or territory by a stronger nation with the intent of dominating the economic, political."— Presentation transcript:
1 The Age of Imperialism 1850-1914 Imperialism: The takeover of a country or territory by a stronger nation with the intent of dominating the economic, political and social life of the people of that nation
2 Causes of ImperialismThe Industrial Revolution caused a need for resources to fuel industrial production in Europe and the United StatesWhere would these resources come from?AfricaAsiaLatin America
3 Causes of ImperialismEconomic competition between European nations; new markets to sell their goodsNationalism- The need of European nations to add colonies to their empires as a measure of national greatnessGrowing racism, or the belief that one race was superior to anotherBecause they were more technologically advanced, many Europeans and Americans felt they had the right to dominate the peoples of Asia, Africa and Latin America
4 Causes of ImperialismSocial Darwinism: the idea that those who were fittest for survival and success were superior to othersBecause of Social Darwinism, Europeans felt they had the right and duty to bring progress to other nationsNeed to Christianize the people of Asia and AfricaNeed to civilize and “westernize” others
5 Causes of ImperialismEuropean nations also looked to gain more land in order to have more colonies.More land meant more power for European countriesMore land also helped European nations establish more ports for trade and their militarySign of powerAcquiring more land meant that Europeans would gain more wealth and power.New markets would help expand growth
6 What Enabled Imperialism? Europeans’ technological superiority (including the machine gun)Improvements in transportation to and within Asian and African coloniesMedical advances, such as Quinine, which protected Europeans from foreign diseases (malaria)Disunity among ethnic groups in Africa
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