Presentation on theme: "DEALING WITH HAY SHORTAGES STRETCHING HAY SUPPLIES."— Presentation transcript:
DEALING WITH HAY SHORTAGES STRETCHING HAY SUPPLIES
Hay Supplementation Considerations Horse = NON RUMINANT HERBIVORE 1. Gastrointestinal function 2. Behavior
Hay supplementation considerations How much hay is needed? 1. Minimum of 0.75 to 1% in dry matter or hay as fed? Not less than 50% of total diet? 2. Minimum of 24% NDF (13% Crude fiber) or 14% ADF? 3. Does form of hay make a difference? chopped, cubed, pelleted
Know how much hay you are feeding Weigh hay to make sure it is not less than 0.75% of body weight. Limit time on round bales, i.e. will generally be full 1 to 2 hours AM & PM. Commercial feeds higher than 14% crude fiber, hay can make up 0.5% BW.
Hay – Roughage Substitutes Beet pulp Alfalfa cubes & pellets Soy hulls Haylage Cottonseed hulls Citrus pulp? Complete feeds ** Whatever is substituted make sure chew factor is present.
Beet pulp DE approximately 1.0 Mcal/lb, Crude protein 8-10%, NDF 40.5% Substitute up to 50% of hay.
Alfalfa Cubes & Pellets Remember you are feeding alfalfa. Cubes and pellets are consumed rapidly, chew factor and stem length of concern. Choke concern with pellets. Cubes up to 50% for long stem hay. Pellets up to 25% for long stem hay.
Soy hulls NDF 61%, C.P %, DE Mcal/lb. Booth, et al. replace up to 50% of forage in diet. Recommendation probably no more than 25% as sorting will occur, chew factor concern as no long term studies have been reported.
Cottonseed hulls DE.50 Mcal/lb, C. protein 3.8%, NDF 80%. Maximum of 20% of total diet. Mix with grain or can mix with chopped hay.
Haylage High moisture ensiled hay harvested at 40 – 60% dry matter. Highly acceptable, actually prefer over hay. Slightly more digestible than hay? Disadvantage with wet (high moisture), possibility of spoilage if not fed relatively quickly. Botulism rare but possibility.