Presentation on theme: "W6: September 22-26, 2014 Week 6. Monday, September 22 Quia Test #2 WS- USA Longitude and Latitude Games online Warm Up: #1-3 ▫ 1.What are the two names."— Presentation transcript:
Monday, September 22 Quia Test #2 WS- USA Longitude and Latitude Games online Warm Up: #1-3 ▫ 1.What are the two names given for the lines that run around the Earth in an east-west direction? ▫ 2.What two names are given for the lines that run around the Earth from the north to the south? ▫ 3.The map of Australia is shown on a geographic grid. What does that mean? Homework: ▫ Quiz on Monday, October 6 th on: States and Capitals – matching
Tuesday, September 23 Turn in homework Warm Up: #4-6 ▫ 4.Which states of Australia have land area along the latitude line of 30*S? ▫ 5.Which state in Australia would include the coordinates of 43*S latitude and 148*E longitude? ▫ 6.What is the capital of the Northern Territory? What is its coordinates? Mr. Epperley and Mrs. Whited New UNIT – Climate, Environment and Resources ▫ Define weather & climate using textbook ▫ Read section 1 Homework: ▫ Quiz on Monday, October 6 th on: States and Capitals – matching
Wednesday, September 25 Homework: ▫ HOPS tomorrow ▫ Quiz on Monday, October 6 th on: States and Capitals – matching
THURSDAY, September 25 Warm Up: #7-8 ▫ 7.What is the name of Australia’s national capital? What is its coordinates? ▫ 8.Which sea includes the coordinates of 10*S, 130*E? Do the coordinates show the relative or absolution location of the sea? Section 1 Notes ▫ You will need to fill in the notes for the section as we review the powerpoint. Homework: ▫ Quiz on Monday, October 6 th on: States and Capitals – matching
The sun, location, wind, water, and mountains affect weather and climate.
What is weather? What is climate? While weather is short term, climate is a region’s average weather over a long period of time.
4 Factors that Affect Climate Sun and Location on Earth – Creates seasons Earth’s tilt Movement of Earth Shape Wind – Moves the sun’s heat around Water – Moves the sun’s heat around Mountains – affects temperature & precipitation
Energy from sun heats the earth. Different locations receive different amounts of sunlight. Earth’s tilt Seasons Movement Rotation around the sun Shape Earth is a sphere
Earth’s Tilt As the Earth revolves around the sun, the part of the Earth that is tilted toward the sun changes during the year. This process creates the seasons.
Earth’s Shape The sphere shape affects the amount of sunlight different locations receive. The sun’s rays directly strike the equator but only somewhat strike at the poles.
The farther from the equator, or higher the latitude, the colder the climate. Higher Latitudes Area near the poles Cold year round Middle Latitudes Areas halfway between the equator and poles More seasonal changes Lower Latitudes Areas near the equator Hot year round
Wind and Water Heat from the sun moves across Earth’s surface. Air and water warmed by the sun are constantly on the move. Wind and water carry heat from place to place.
Global Winds Wind, or the sideways movement of air blows in great streams. Air has weight that changes with temperature.
At the equator, hot air rises and flows towards the poles. At the poles, cold air sinks and flows towards the equator.
Earth’s rotation causes prevailing winds to curve east or west. Winds that form from warm air or pass over lots of water, carry moisture Winds that form from cold air or pass over lots of land are often dry.
Gulf Stream US East Coast Warm current that flows east North Atlantic Drift Across the Atlantic into Europe Westerlies Northwestern Europe Warmed air blown across Europe
Large Bodies of Water Water heats and cools more slowly than land does. Large bodies of water make the temperature of the land nearby milder.
The state of Michigan is largely surrounded by the Great Lakes The lakes make temperatures in the state milder than other places as far north.
Wind, Water, and Storms: Most storms occur when two air masses collide. Air masses frequently collide in regions like the United States, where the westerlies meet the polar easterlies. Fronts can produce rain or snow as well as thunderstorms and icy blizzards. Hurricanes produce drenching rain and strong winds that can reach speeds of 155 mph or more. They can form tall walls of water called storm surges. When it smashes into land, it can wipe out an entire coastal area.
DetailsWhen Most Likely to Occur Thunderstorms Rain, lightning, thunder Spring and Summer Blizzards Strong winds, large amounts of snow Winter Tornadoes Small, rapidly twisting funnel of air that touches the ground; highly destructive Spring and summer Hurricanes Largest and most destructive storm; forms over tropical waters in Atlantic Ocean Summer to late fall Typhoons Hurricanes that form in the Pacific OceanSummer to late fall
Mountains Mountains can influence an area’s climate by affecting both temperature and precipitation. Many high mountains are located in warm areas yet have snow at the top all year. The reason is that temperature decreases with elevation. Mountains also create wet and dry areas. What is a rain shadow? A dry area on the mountainside facing away from the direction of the wind.