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The Phrase and the Clause Chapter 4: Sentence Structure.

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Presentation on theme: "The Phrase and the Clause Chapter 4: Sentence Structure."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Phrase and the Clause Chapter 4: Sentence Structure

2 Simple Sentences  Simple Sentence – has one independent clause and no subordinate clause  Note: It may have a compound subject, compound verb or both  Compound Sentence – consists of two or more independent clauses, usually joined by a comma and a connecting word  Note:  Usually joined by a coordinating conjunction  And but sofornororyet  Generally connects simple sentences  A comma usually comes before the conjunction

3 Complex Sentences  Complex Sentence – contains one independent clause and at least one subordinate clause  Note:  Usually begin with a word such as…  Who whose which that after as if since when  Can appear at the beginning, middle, or end of a sentence  Compound-Complex Sentence – a sentence with two or more independent clauses and at least one subordinate clause

4 Review & Practice: Simple, Compound, Complex, or Compound-Complex?  Seashells filled Liz’s suitcase and spilled onto the floor.  Simple  Between Asia and Africa lies a land bridge that is known as the Sinai Peninsula.  Complex  Shackleton wanted to be the first man to reach the South Pole, and in 1908, he led a party that came within ninety- seven miles of the pole.  compound-complex

5 Review & Practice: Simple, Compound, Complex, or Compound-Complex?  The men escaped the ice in small boats, and they landed on Elephant Island, where they lived in a makeshift camp.  compound-complex  Shackleton and five other men sailed to South Georgia Island, where they sought help from Norwegian whalers.  complex  His first attempts to return to Elephant Island did not succeed, but he finally rescued his crew on August 30,  compound


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