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University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Take Home Message #2 Shredlage & Forage Form.

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Presentation on theme: "University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Take Home Message #2 Shredlage & Forage Form."— Presentation transcript:

1 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Take Home Message #2 Shredlage & Forage Form

2 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Visualizing the Rumen Mat

3 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Physically effective fiber Providing 5 pounds of feed particles over 0.75 inch to 2 inchesProviding 5 pounds of feed particles over 0.75 inch to 2 inches 550 to 600 minutes of cud-chewing activity per cow per day.550 to 600 minutes of cud-chewing activity per cow per day. 60 to 75% of cows at rest should be cud-chewing60 to 75% of cows at rest should be cud-chewing > 60 chews per bolus of feed.> 60 chews per bolus of feed. Rumen pH should be over 6.0Rumen pH should be over 6.0

4 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Shredlage vs. Kernel Processing Longitudinally ripped forage (increase surface area)Longitudinally ripped forage (increase surface area) Stalk pieces about the size of an alfalfa steam (1.25 inch TLC or 30 mm)Stalk pieces about the size of an alfalfa steam (1.25 inch TLC or 30 mm) Rhine of plant completely opened up.Rhine of plant completely opened up. Smashed corn kernelsSmashed corn kernels Softer and fluffier.Softer and fluffier.

5 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Shredlage KP

6 Shredlage KP Photos provided by Kevin Shinners, UW Madison, BSE

7 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Shredlage Materials resulted from water separation technique done by Kevin Shinners, UW Madison, BSE KP

8 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Penn State Separator Box (as-fed basis) Screen, mmShredlageKP % 5.6% 841.5%75.6% %18.4% Pan 0.8% 0.4% Luiz Ferraretto & Randy Shaver Dairy Science Department Samples obtained during feed-out from the silo bags

9 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Shredlage processor Processor costs ~ $30,000Processor costs ~ $30,000 Additional $25/hour to cover extra fuel & other costsAdditional $25/hour to cover extra fuel & other costs –Estimated 2 gallons more fuel per hour –Shredlage LLC recommends that custom operators charge $1.50-$2/ton –Custom harvesters estimate roll replacement on one roll at 40,000-50,000 tons and maybe both rolls at 60, ,000 tons Custom Harvesters Tell How Shredlage Works For Them New silage corn processing method is examined - Apr. 15, 2013

10 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign MN Field Trial 1 MN Field Trial 2 WI Field Trial 1 Lab Survey WI Field Trial 2 Lab Survey Testing Lab DairylandRock River Cumberland Valley Year No. of samples ,131 KPS % of Samples by Processing Score Excellent 10% 8% 10% 17% 16% 7% Adequate Adequate 48% 76% 55% 68% 61% 62% 51% Poor Poor 42% 16% 35% 15% 22% 42% Kernel Processing Score RD Shaver UW-Madison

11 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Kernel Processing Score ∆Worth 2 lb. Milk or 2 lb. Corn RD Shaver UW-Madison

12 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign % (as fed) Penn State Separator Top2 nd 3 rd Bottom TMR10-15> < 30< 20 Haylage> 40> 40 40> 40<20 < 5 Corn silage5-15> 50 50<30< 5 (3/4 TLC-Process)

13 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Top Box: 13.3%

14 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Middle Box: 68.8%

15 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Bottom Box: 17.9%

16 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Take Home Message #3 Build Your Milk Check

17 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Never Give Up Milk 1 lb of dry matter cost $0.121 lb of dry matter cost $0.12 Milk price is $0.20 per poundMilk price is $0.20 per pound Good cows produce 2 lb of milk per 1 lb of DMGood cows produce 2 lb of milk per 1 lb of DM Profit: $0.28 cents per cow per pound of DMProfit: $0.28 cents per cow per pound of DM

18 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Value of Milk Components (Prices for November, 2013) Holstein herd: 70 lb milk, 3.5% fat, and 2.9% true protein corrected to 3.7% fat and 3.0% true proteinHolstein herd: 70 lb milk, 3.5% fat, and 2.9% true protein corrected to 3.7% fat and 3.0% true protein 70 lb x 0.2% point increase = 0.14 lb of milk fat x $1.63 / lb fat = $ lb x 0.2% point increase = 0.14 lb of milk fat x $1.63 / lb fat = $ lb x 0.1% point increase milk protein = 0.07 lb protein x $3.63 / lb = $ lb x 0.1% point increase milk protein = 0.07 lb protein x $3.63 / lb = $0.25 Profit potential: $0.48Profit potential: $0.48

19 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Milk Fat and Milk Protein Relationship (Hoard’s Dairyman—Aug, 2013) Fat % Protein % Protein vs Fat Fat vs Protein Ayrshire %1.22 Brown Swiss %1.22 Guernsey %1.36 Holstein %1.23 Jersey %1.30

20 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Case Study: U of IL Dairy Farm ItemAdded Value /cwt Milk fat is 3.9%+ 23 centsMilk fat is 3.9%+ 23 cents Milk true protein is 3.1%+ 25 centsMilk true protein is 3.1%+ 25 cents Milk quality premium + 83 centsMilk quality premium + 83 cents rBST premium not to use+ 59 centsrBST premium not to use+ 59 cents

21 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Take Home Message #4 Feed Metrics

22 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Who is Ever-Green-View-MY 1326?

23 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Ever-Green-View My 1326 E.T. Owned by Thomas Kestell, Waldo, WI National Milk Production Cow 72,171 lb (32,805 liters) of milk % 2143 lb of true 2.97% 2143 lb of true 2.97%

24 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Looking Ahead to 2014 Corn:$4.50/bushelCorn:$4.50/bushel Corn silage:$45 to $50 a tonCorn silage:$45 to $50 a ton Alfalfa hay:$250 a tonAlfalfa hay:$250 a ton Soybean meal:$400 a tonSoybean meal:$400 a ton Distillers grain:$200 a tonDistillers grain:$200 a ton

25 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Feed Prices Used Feeds Feeds Corn silage (per ton)$60$45 Alfalfa (per ton)$300+$250 Corn grain (bushel)$6.40$5.00 Fuzzy cottonseed (ton)$350$400 Corn gluten feed (ton)$200$180 Soybean meal ( ton)$400$450 Corn distillers grain (ton)$200$200

26 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Feed Benchmarks lb DM $/ lb DM $ / day lb DM $/ lb DM $ / day Forages Grain energy By-product Protein supp Min/vit/additive Ration building0.10 Total

27 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Feeding Economics Feed costs per cow per day $6.18 Feed cost per lb DM $0.12 Milk Production 80 lb 70 lb Feed cost per cwt $ 7.73 $ 8.83 Income over feed costs ($19) $11.27 $ Feed efficiency (lb milk/lb DM) Feed efficiency (lb milk/lb DM)

28 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Economics of Feed Efficiency (70 lb milk, 12 cent lb DM) Feed efficiencyDMIDifference (lb milk/lb DM) (lb/day)(savings/day) $ $

29 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Dairy Efficiency Dairy Efficiency Dairy Efficiency: Pounds of fat corrected milk divided by pounds of DM consumed High group, mature cows > 1.7 High group, 1 st lactation > 1.6 Low group> 1.3 One group TMR herds > 1.5 Fresh cows < 1.5 Concern (one group)< 1.3 Example: 75 lb milk / 50 lb DMI = 1.5 Example: 75 lb milk / 50 lb DMI = % FCM = ( x lb of milk) + 3.5% FCM = ( x lb of milk) + ( x lb of milk fat)

30 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Take Home Message #5 Feed Buys

31 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign FeedVal 2012 Allows you to use local pricesAllows you to use local prices Select nutrient values important to youSelect nutrient values important to you Indicates values of feeds based on other available feedsIndicates values of feeds based on other available feeds

32 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Breakeven Prices Dec, 2013, IL, FeedVal 2012 Feed CurrentBreakeven Shelled corn$4.40/bu$6.20/bu SBM—49%$499/t$523/t Corn silage$ 43/t$ 78/t High qual alfalfa$250/t$180/t Low qual alfalfa$150/t$132/t Corn stalks$ 80/t$55/t Straw$100/t$80/t

33 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Feed CurrentBreakeven Distillers grain$215$387 Corn gluten feed$178$265 Soy hulls$200$212 Fuzzy cottonseed$338$247 Wheat midds$195$215 Beet pulp$270$193 Breakeven Prices Dec, 2013, IL, FeedVal 2012

34 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Software Spreadsheet Select: toolsSelect: tools Select: feedingSelect: feeding Click on: feedval 2012Click on: feedval 2012

35 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Take Home Message #6 Feed Additives

36 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign U.S. Feed Additive Use (2013 Hoard’s Market Survey Buffers 4139 Yeast/yeast culture 2832 Rumensin 1525 Niacin 912 Probiotics 1112 Mycotoxin binders 1123 Anionic products 3 6 Don’t use 11 9

37 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Additives Recommended Rumen buffersRumen buffers Yeast culture/yeast productsYeast culture/yeast products Monensin (Rumensin)Monensin (Rumensin) Silage inoculantsSilage inoculants BiotinBiotin Organic trace mineralsOrganic trace minerals

38 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Hutjens Priority 1.Rumen impact 1a Rumensin 1b Yeast and yeast culture 1c Sodium bicarb/S-carb 2Silage inoculants 3.Organic trace minerals (Zn, Se, & Cu) 4.Biotin

39 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Hutjens “As Needs” List Propylene glycol (300 to 500 ml)Propylene glycol (300 to 500 ml) Calcium propionate (150 grams)Calcium propionate (150 grams) Niacin (3 g protected; 3 g unprotected)Niacin (3 g protected; 3 g unprotected) Mycotoxin binders (clay mineral or yeast cell MOS compounds)Mycotoxin binders (clay mineral or yeast cell MOS compounds) Protected choline (15 g per day)Protected choline (15 g per day) Anionic products / salts (amount varies)Anionic products / salts (amount varies) Acid-based preservatives (baled hay and high moisture corn (0.5 to 1%)Acid-based preservatives (baled hay and high moisture corn (0.5 to 1%)

40 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Take Home Message #7 Replacement Heifers

41 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Cost of Raising Heifers (33 WI operations in 2013) Feed costs $1046Feed costs $1046 Labor and mgmt costs $ 333Labor and mgmt costs $ 333 Variable costs $ 274Variable costs $ 274 Fixed costs $ 209Fixed costs $ 209 Total $1,862Total $1,862 (Add calf value and calf costs of $363) (Add calf value and calf costs of $363)

42 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Looking Back Total Cost$1099$1323$1863 Daily Cost$1.61$2.04$3.04 Days on Feed

43 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Economics of Age and Weight WeightAge (mo) Total Cost/Day WeightAge (mo) Total Cost/Day $ $ $ $ $ $3.93

44 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Points to Ponder Do you raise all female replacement heifers?Do you raise all female replacement heifers? Does genomics allow identification of superior animals?Does genomics allow identification of superior animals? Do you use sexed semen on the best heifers and cows?Do you use sexed semen on the best heifers and cows? Do you breed the bottom 1/3 cows to beef bulls?Do you breed the bottom 1/3 cows to beef bulls?

45 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Take Home Message #8 Grouping Cows

46 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Economics of Three Production Groups Milk yieldFeed costDMI Cost (lb/cow)($/cow/day)(lb/day)($/lb DM)

47 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Economics of 85 lb vs. 76 lb TMR 1. Savings with two rations approach is $ Adjusting for lower DMI $0.86 (42.7 lb x 13.2 cent/lb = $5.64 day (42.7 lb x 11.2 cent lb = $4.78 day 3. 3.Milk loss when shifting cows (4 19 cents) $0.76

48 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Grouping Software Program Dr. Victor Cabrera, U of WIDr. Victor Cabrera, U of WI Compare one group vs. to 2, 3, or 4 groupsCompare one group vs. to 2, 3, or 4 groups Download your DHI herd data (milk yield, components, DIM, and body weight)Download your DHI herd data (milk yield, components, DIM, and body weight) Protein and energy costsProtein and energy costs Current milk pricesCurrent milk prices

49 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Grouping Software Program Enter the loss of milk yield per cowEnter the loss of milk yield per cow Number of days of lost milk productionNumber of days of lost milk production Added costs of mixing rationsAdded costs of mixing rations Savings on additivesSavings on additives Comparison of IOFC:Comparison of IOFC: –Cluster (cows with similar needs) –Dairy Merit (milk yield and body weight at.075 power) –FCM (fat corrected milk) –DIM (days in milk)

50 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Ration Selection Cluster approachCluster approach Four lactating groupsFour lactating groups 120/120/120/110 cows per group120/120/120/110 cows per group –16.5% CP0.73 Mcal / lb DM –15.1%CP0.68 Mcal / lb DM –14.4%CP0.66 Mcal / lb DM –13.2%CP0.62 Mcal / lb DM

51 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Economic Comparisons 1 vs 2 group$ 27,628 per year1 vs 2 group$ 27,628 per year 1 vs 4 group$103,957 per year1 vs 4 group$103,957 per year 2 groups2 groups –300 / 170$1,359,105 –100 / 370$1,346,952 –235 / 235$1,359,108

52 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Software Spreadsheet Select: toolsSelect: tools Select: feedingSelect: feeding Click on: grouping strategiesClick on: grouping strategies

53 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Take Home Message #8 “Free Feed”

54 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Control / Measuring Shrink Measuring weigh-backs (1% to 2%)Measuring weigh-backs (1% to 2%) Reducing feed lossesReducing feed losses –Forages(5 to 35%) –Concentrates(2 to 10%) –By-products(5 to 10% Environment: moisture, wind, birds, moldEnvironment: moisture, wind, birds, mold

55 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Must Use Silage Inoculants 3% improvement in dry matter recovery3% improvement in dry matter recovery 2% increase in digestibility2% increase in digestibility Benefit to cost ratio ($1 per ton)Benefit to cost ratio ($1 per ton) –3 : 1 on nutrient preserved –8: 1 when fed to high producing cows

56 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Oxygen Barrier Covering 60 times more reduction in oxygen penetration in wet silage (using OTR or oxygen transfer rate comparisons)60 times more reduction in oxygen penetration in wet silage (using OTR or oxygen transfer rate comparisons) Reduces DM loss by 50% in the top 1.5 to 3 feet of silageReduces DM loss by 50% in the top 1.5 to 3 feet of silage Results in a 2 to 5% savings in dry matter retainedResults in a 2 to 5% savings in dry matter retained

57 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Take Home Messages Cows are always “talking” to usCows are always “talking” to us Select areas that may give you the biggest “bang” for your timeSelect areas that may give you the biggest “bang” for your time Monitor values so when changes occur, you / we have a base lineMonitor values so when changes occur, you / we have a base line

58 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Make Economic-Based Long Term Correct Decisions Maintain a solid mineral programMaintain a solid mineral program Holstein heifers must gain 1.6 – 1.8 lb / dayHolstein heifers must gain 1.6 – 1.8 lb / day SCC must be below 200,000SCC must be below 200,000 Days open must by under 120 daysDays open must by under 120 days Accelerated calf program is a mustAccelerated calf program is a must Select additives that paySelect additives that pay Consider a low group TMRConsider a low group TMR

59 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Feed Changes: Cow Responses Change in MUN by 3 units (8 to 12)Change in MUN by 3 units (8 to 12) Change in manure score by one unit (3.0)Change in manure score by one unit (3.0) Change in body condition score by 0.5 (3.0)Change in body condition score by 0.5 (3.0) Change > 3 lb of management level milkChange > 3 lb of management level milk Change > 0.2 % milk fat unitChange > 0.2 % milk fat unit Change > 0.1% milk protein unitChange > 0.1% milk protein unit Change 2 lb of dry matter intakeChange 2 lb of dry matter intake

60 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

61 Questions?


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