2ObjectivesDescribe how early pioneers met the challenges of frontier life.Explain why President Jefferson agreed to buy Louisiana.Describe the expedition to explore the lands of the Louisiana Purchase.
3Vocabulary Gap – a low place between mountains Pioneer – an early settler of an areaConsequence – result of a specific action
4Content FocusIn the 1700s and 1800s, many immigrants came to the United States. Some crossed over the Cumberland Gap to settle the frontier.
5Immigrants and Pioneers 1700 – 1800s – Many immigrantsEnglandIrelandScotlandGermany
6WHY? Escape hard times Escape war Escape religious persecution Wanted money and land
7HOW? Ships would land at major ports along Atlantic coast New York – popular port for immigrants
33Lewis & ClarkJefferson hires his friend Meriwether Lewis to led an expeditionLewis asks his friend William Clark to comeClark’s job = keep records & make mapsJefferson’s task Find most direct water route across continent
42Benefits MAPS show mountain passes & major rivers Brought back seeds, plants, and animalsThe work done by Corps of Discovery added to the knowledge Americans had about the lands that became the WEST.
43Pike Explores Zebulon Pike – 1806 SW area of purchase Saw “Blue Mountain”Now in Colorado – named Pikes Peak
44Pike Problem Strayed into Spanish territory Arrested After release – spread word of Spanish need for manufactured goodsMany traveled to SW to sell goods to Spanish