Presentation on theme: "The Louisiana Purchase"— Presentation transcript:
1 The Louisiana Purchase EQ: What was the importance of the purchase and exploration of the Louisiana Territory?
2 The Nation Looks WestWestward settlement increase after Revolutionary WarBy 1800, more than 1 million settlers lived between the Appalachian Mountains and the Mississippi RiverMost Westward settlers were farmersThey relied on the Mississippi River to ship crops to port of New OrleansSpain threatened to close Port of New Orleans to American ships.Americans made a treaty(Pinckney Treaty) with Spain in Treaty guaranteed the American’s right to ship good down the Mississippi River to New Orleans
3 The Nation Looks WestSpain secretly gives the Louisiana Territory back to France1801, Jefferson discovers the transfer of land between the two countriesJefferson alarmed by development, new ruler of France: Napoleon Bonaparte gave him cause to be alarmedJefferson feared Napoleon would make France the dominant power in Europe as well as AmericaIf Napoleon controlled Louisiana, Westward expansion of the United States would be blocked.
4 Buying LouisianaIn 1802, Spanish governor of Louisiana withdrew the right of Americans to ship their goods through New Orleans.Westerners wanted to wage war after affair (port blockade)Jefferson decided that the best approach would be to offer to purchase New Orleans from FrenchSent James Monroe to make a deal; Monroe also had the help of Robert LivingstonMen were instructed to buy New Orleans and a territory to the east called West Florida
5 Buying LouisianaIn Paris, the Americans discovered that Toussaint L’Ouverture had been waging a revolution against France in Haiti (their Caribbean colony).Without Haiti as a base, the French could not defend Louisiana in the event of an American WarAt the same time, tension between France and Britain was on the rise and war was looming; Napoleon need money to support war effort.France offer the US not only New Orleans, but the entire Louisiana Territory.
6 Buying LouisianaLivingston and Monroe agreed to purchase territory stretching from the Gulf of Mexico to Canada and from the Mississippi River to the Rocky Mountains.Purchase an amazing bargain for the USCost 15 million ~ 4 cent an acreDoubled the size of the countryGave US millions of unexplored, fertile landGave US control of Mississippi
7 Jefferson’s DilemmaThe Constitution does not state that a President has the power to purchase land from a foreign countryJefferson reasoned that the Constitution allowed the President to make treaties, in order for purchase Congress approved the sale as a treaty and land was quickly paid for.
8 Lewis and Clark Explore the West Even before purchase of the Louisiana Territory, Jefferson convinced Congress to spend $2500 on western expeditionJefferson chose Meriwether Lewis to lead expeditionLewis chose William Clark as his co-leaderGoals of ExplorationReport on Geography, plants, animals, & other natural features of regionMake contact with Native American who lived in territoryFind out waterways existed between the Mississippi and the Pacific Ocean
9 Lewis and Clark Explore the West Spring of 1804, Lewis and Clark left St. Louis and headed up the Missouri RiverExpedition carried 40 men most Americans, several were French Canadians, also included an enslaved African AmericanMid-July reached the mouth of the Platte river, powerful tributary that flows into the MissouriEarly-August- met Native Americans for the first time and reached the eastern edge of the Great Plains
10 Lewis and ClarkOctober 1804, Lewis and Clark meet Sacagawea, who would serve as a translator on their travelsReach the Continental Divide (the Rocky Mountains) byReached Columbia River and had to cross a 55 mile stretch of rapids & rough river; after rapids crossing they saw the Pacific OceanBegan return journey in March 1806, it took half a year to return to St. Louis.
11 Pike’s ExpeditionZebulon Pike explored the southern part of the Louisiana TerritoryPike’s Peak in the Colorado Rocky Mountains was named after explorerPike’s route took him into Spanish New MexicoMembers of expedition group were arrested as spies by SpanishSpanish feared Pike was gathering information for an American take over of the regionMen were held captive for months and were escorted back to United StatesPike’s report on Spanish borderlands created great American interest in the region
12 Section 1 Review Questions What was the importance of the purchase and exploration of the Louisiana territory. Explain 3-5 sentencesWhy was New Orleans important to the United States?What important right did the united states gain with Pinckney Treaty of 1795?What were some of the goals that Lewis and Clark had to achieve on their expedition?How did Sacagawea contribute to the expedition?What did Lewis and Clark encounter that impeded their travel to the Pacific ocean?Define the following terms: expedition, Meriwether Lewis, William Clark, Continental Divide, Zebulon PikeHow did the Spanish react to Pike’s expeditions? What did they do?