Presentation on theme: "LOUISIANA PURCHASE & EXPLORATION. THE WEST in 1800 – land between Appalachian Mountains & Mississippi River France & Spain negotiating for ownership."— Presentation transcript:
THE WEST in 1800 – land between Appalachian Mountains & Mississippi River France & Spain negotiating for ownership of Louisiana Territory – land between Mississippi River and Rocky Mountains New Orleans port – claimed by French then Spanish and back to French...Napoleon plan to colonize America!
1802 - New Orleans port closed to US shipping Angry Americans called for war against France & Spain Jefferson asked to buy New Orleans from France SURPRIZE – Napoleon offered to sell ALL of Louisiana Territory! For $15 million (3 cents acre) – got approval from Congress on April 30, 1803
LEWIS & CLARK EXPEDITION ◦ Jefferson chose Meriweather Lewis ◦ Lewis chose Lt. William Clark to oversee volunteers ◦ Clark brought York, African American slave – first black man that many Native American’s seen ◦ CORPS OF DISCOVERY
Started Summer 1803 By winter arrived in St. Louis, Missouri – on Mississippi River Waited there for official transfer of Louisiana to US March 1804 – US flag flew over St. Louis!
May 1804 – left St. Louis (about 40 people) Traveled Missouri River looking for water route across continent Establish Good relations with Native Americans Describe plants, landscape, animals allong the route
Winter 1804/05 – North Dakota with Mandan tribe Spring 1805 – continue travels – with Sacagawea – Shoshone Indian w great language skills and knowledge of geography Approach Rocky Mountains – Sacagawea met her Shoshone brother – traded horses to Lewis & Clark which enabled the journey over Rocky Mtns.
Expedition continued to Columbia River and to Pacific Ocean Arrived November 1805 Returned to St. Louis 1806 (downriver) Lewis & Clark returned with valuable info – no all water route to Ocean, they had much info and good maps of Louisiana Territory
1806 – Expedition led by ZP – left St. Louis to find source of Arkansas River and Red River Arrested in Spanish Territory Released in 1807 and returned He brought back info – but incorrectly described the Great Plains as desert and not farmable