21.How might the interactions of organisms in a specific habitat be helped or harmed as a result of changes in the ecosystem over time?2.How might the biodiversity of the populations in a habitat affect organism interactions?3.What is a microhabitat?4.What is a biome and what abiotic factors characterize each biome?5.How might biodiversity within and between trophic levels in a habitat affect sustainability of an ecosystem?
12WATER ECOSYSTEMFRESHWATER- The living organisms and nonliving materials of an inland aquatic environmentOCEAN- The living and nonliving materials that cover most of the Earth’s surface with salt water
13Water Cycle Used in all Ecosystems The earth has a limited amount of water. That water keeps going around and around and around and around and (well, you get the idea) in what we call the "Water Cycle". This cycle is made up of a few main parts:evaporation (and transpiration)condensationprecipitationcollection
15It can be more complex too… But the idea is simple…WATER GETS REUSED OVER and OVER!
16LAND ECOSYSTEMDEFINITION-Also called biomes, these regions of land make up the Earth's surface. All of the Earth's surface, with the exception of the ice in Antarctica and Greenland, fits into a biome.
17BIOME?WHAT IS A BIOME?An ecosystem that has similar climates, geography, plants, animals, and soil
19Tundra The tundra is the world's coldest and driest biome! Not a lot of organisms or biodiversityNot a lot of plants!Short season of growth and reproductionEnergy and nutrients in the form of dead organic material
20Tundra OrganismsHerbivorous mammals: lemmings, caribou, arctic hares and squirrelsCarnivorous mammals: arctic foxes, wolves, and polar bears
22Tundra’s have LIVING and NONLIVING parts… LIVING – Also know as BIOTICBiotic Factors – Polar Bears, Wolves, Small shrubs, ravens, other birds, bacteriaNONLIVING – Also known as ABIOTICAbiotic Factors- Sunlight, temperature, snow (precipitation), wind, atmospheric gases.
23TaigaThe taiga is located near the top of the world, just below the tundraThe winters in the taiga are very cold with only snowfall. The summers are warm, rainy, and humid. A lot of coniferous trees grow in the taiga.
24CHAPARRALThe chaparral biome is found in a little bit of most of the continents - the west coast of the United States, the west coast of South America, the Cape Town area of South Africa, the western tip of Australia and the coastal areas of the Mediterranean.Lay of the land: The chaparral biome has many different types of terrain. Some examples are flat plains, rocky hills and mountain slopes.Chaparral is characterized as being very hot and dry. As for the temperature, the winter is very mild
25Animals & Plants~ Chaparral the plants and animals are adapted to these conditions. Most of the plants have small, hard leaves which hold moisture. Some of these plants are poison oak, scrub oak, Yucca Wiple and other shrubs, trees and cacti.The animals are all mainly grassland and desert types adapted to hot, dry weather. A few examples: coyotes, jack rabbits, mule deer, alligator lizards, horned toads, praying mantis, honey bee and ladybugs.
26Prairie/GrasslandsAreas that grass that get hot in the summer and cold in the winterPrairies are located in the inside of North America (Illinois)windy environment with few trees or shrubsmoderate precipitation- about like we get
27Organisms that live in Prairies and Grasslands Vegetation – Grass! And a few trees, and shrubs.
28Organisms that live in Prairies and Grasslands Predators/ prey -gazelles, zebras, lions, wolves, prairie dogs, jack rabbits, deer, mice, foxes, skunks, badgers, blackbirds, quails, sparrows, hawks, owls, snakes, grasshoppers, and spiders.
29Thinking TimeName some BIOTIC factors in the Grasslands or Prairies???Name some ABIOTIC factors in the Grasslands of Prairies???
30SAVANNAHA savanna is a rolling grassland scattered with shrubs and isolated trees, which can be found between a tropical rainforest and desert biome. They are found in a wide band on either side of the equator on the edges of tropical rainforests.
32Rainforest wet climate- that’s why its called a RAINforest! home to 2/3’s of all the living animal and plant species on the planetnatural rainforest gives off and sucks in large amounts of carbon dioxide.One-fifth of the world's fresh water is in the Amazon Basin.
33Rainforest part of the Carbon Cycle??? natural rainforest gives off and sucks in large amounts of carbon dioxide.It taken in because of all the plants…they take in carbon dioxide through photosynthesis..It gives off from dead plants and animals, animal waste, and organisms breathing it into the atmosphere (cellular respiration)
39RainforestOrganisms – HUNDREDS OF MILLIONS!! Monkeys, Toucans, Butterflies, Vines, Beetles, so many more!!*Get a lot of medicines from plants in Rainforest!!! You should thank them!
40Ecological Succession of Rainforest Experts estimate that we are losing 137 plant, animal and insect species every single day due to rainforest deforestation. (Cutting down the trees)What else could happen??? Cutting down all those trees????Sad RainforestHappy Rainforest
41Desert Receives very little rain, Deserts are usually very, very dry! few organisms can exist, Not a lot of plants or animalsTemperature is very hot in the day, cool at night.
42Desert OrganismsFew large mammals live in deserts because most are not able to store enough water and resist the heat.Animals include small nocturnal (active at night) carnivores, animals stay inactive and hidden during the hot day and come out to hunt at night.Roadrunners, lizards, insects, small snakes, addax, Gila monster, desert fox, cacti, saguaro, and many other plants and animals
43WetlandsWetlands are areas of standing water that have aquatic plants.Marshes, swamps, and bogs are all considered wetlandsWetlands are found anywhere shallow bodies of water are present.Wetlands have the highest species diversity of all ecosystems.
44Wetland’s OrganismsMany species of amphibians, reptiles, birds (such as ducks and waders), and furbearers can be found in the wetlands.Plant species include pond lilies, cattails, sedges, tamarack, and black spruce
45Wetlands Name 3 ABIOTIC things in the wetlands 1. 2. 3. Examples: sunlight, water, soil, temperature, ect…Name 3 BIOTIC things in the wetlands1.2.3.Examples: Lilies, snakes, toads, trees, moss, bacteria, ect…
47Wetlands Food web Name a consumer in the food web… Name a producer in the food web…Name decomposer in the food web…
48How is the Nitrogen Cycle part of the Wetlands? All organisms are part of the nitrogen cycle…we eat stuff with nitrogen in it and we release it back in to atmosphereProducers must convert it …78% of the atmosphere is nitrogen but we cant use it that way…IS THE NITROGEN CYCLE PART OF EVERY BIOME?
51Starting to get the point? Its doesn’t all look the same…
52Deciduous Forest Deciduous means "tending to fall off" The deciduous forest has four distinct seasons, spring, summer, autumn, and winter.As the seasons change, so do the colors of the leaves of the deciduous trees.located primarily in the eastern half of the United States, and some other places.
53Deciduous ForestAnimals/ Birds: American Bald Eagle, American Black Bear, Coyote, Duckbill Platypus ,Eastern Chipmunk ,European Red Squirrel, White-tailed DeerVegetation: American Beech ,Carpet Moss, Common Lime Guelder Rose, Lady Fern, Northern Arrow wood ,Milksap, Mushroom,White Oak
54Message Board Questions What Biome is this?What is the precipitation like?What does the Rainforest produce that we need?In what ways is the Rainforest going through ecological succession?
55Message Board Questions What Biome is this?Is it considered dry or wet? Why?What is the temperature like?Name two organisms that live there?
56Message Board Questions What Biome is this?Name 3 characteristics of grasslands and prairies.Name 3 organisms that live in these areasWhat is the temperature like?
57Message Board Questions What Biome is this?What is the Temperature like in the day? At night?What are some characteristics of the desert?Name 3 organisms that live here.
58Message Board What Biome is this? What is special about the trees in the deciduous forest?Name some organisms that live there.
59Message Board Questions What is an ecosystem?What is a biome?What is a population?What is a community?
60Message Board Questions What is a Decomposer? Give an example of one.What is a consumer? Give an example of oneWhat is a producer? Give an example of one
61Message Board Questions Explain how the carbon cycle worksExplain how the nitrogen cycle worksAre the two cycles similar??What is the Water Cycles Purpose?Does the water have to travel in a certain order?