Presentation on theme: "Biomes. What is a Biome? Biome- A geographical area that is characterized by the climate, plants, and animals of that area."— Presentation transcript:
What is a Biome? Biome- A geographical area that is characterized by the climate, plants, and animals of that area
Deciduous Forest Deciduous means to fall off Trees conserve water in winter by losing leaves Georgia is a deciduous forest biome. Have warmer winters, longer summers and more rainfall than taiga Avg. rainfall inches Avg. temp. Summer 82F and Winter 43 F
Taiga Also known as coniferous forest Composed of conifers, or trees that produce seeds in cones Cool summers and long cold winters with snow South of the Tundra Avg. rainfall inches Avg. temp. Summer 57F and Winter 14F
Tropical Rain Forest Most diverse biome Warm, rainy climate year round Found near the equator Avg. rainfall inches! Avg. temp. Daytime 93F and Nighttime 68F
Savanna Tropical grassland with scattered clumps of trees and shrubs Includes animals such as elephants, giraffes, zebra, lions Warm temperatures with wet seasons and dry seasons Avg. rainfall 59 inches Avg. temp. Summer 93F and Winter 61F
Tundra Also known as the cold desert Treeless and dry Has permafrost Avg. rainfall inches Avg. temp. Summer 53.6F and Winter -14F
Desert Hot, dry region with less than 25 cm of rain per year –Some may have cold winters and many have cold nights Supports a variety of plants and animals that have adapted to the desert Avg. rainfall less than 10 inches Avg. temp. Summer 100F and Winter 45F
Grassland Grasses mixed with a few flowering plants Support small seed eating mammals and large herbivores Avg. rainfall inches Avg. temp. Summer 86F and Winter 32F
Marine Ecosystems Intertidal Zone- The region between the highest tide line and the lowest tide line. Neritic Zone- The region following the intertidal zone just above the continental shelf. This is the most productive zone in the ocean with lots of animal life
Marine Ecosystems Oceanic Zone is the open ocean. It is the largest marine zone and makes up most of the worlds oceans. Benthic Zone is the sea floor which extends horizontally from the neritic zone through the open ocean.
Freshwater ecosystems can be found in the Earths ponds, lakes, streams, and rivers.
Freshwater Ecosystem Wetland- An ecosystem in which water either covers the soil or is near the soils surface for all or part of the year. Wetlands include marshes and swamps. –Marsh-a treeless wetland –Swamp- a wetland with trees and vines
Freshwater Ecosystems Wetlands often form at estuaries –An estuary is the place at the mouth of a river where fresh water and salt water mix
How is a biome different from an ecosystem? 1.Biomes are made of many related ecosystems.
2. South America and Africa
3. Plenty of rain and moderate temperatures.
4. Shrubs and Deciduous trees
5. In cones
6. The evergreen conifers shade the forest floor, but the deciduous trees of the temperate forest allow light to reach the ground.
7. Coniferous forests get less rainfall than some other biomes.
8. Most of the animals are found in the trees.
9. The plants grow above the ground to get sunlight which is lacking on the forest floor.
10 Camouflage, hiding burrows
11 The savanna gets about twice as much rain
12 Escaping the heat and hiding from predators
13 10 in
14 Growing close to the ground helps protect the plants from the cold and wind
15 They are both large herbivores
Section 1 Review 1. Tundras, like deserts, receive little rainfall. Tundra is not hot like most deserts, so it is a frozen desert
Temperate Grassland Abiotic factors- warm summers cold winters Type of producers- grass with scattered trees Type of consumers- –Herbivores- prairie dogs, bisons, –Predators- coyotes
Savanna Abiotic factors- constant warmth with seasonal rains Types of producers- scattered trees Types of consumers- –herbivores: elephants, giraffes, zebras, and wildebeest –Predators:lions
3 Some plants have special roots to gather rainfall before it evaporates. Many desert plants can store water in their stems or roots
4 Alpine tundra- found at the tops of tall mountains Polar tundra is found at or near the poles