2What is a Biome?Biome- A geographical area that is characterized by the climate, plants, and animals of that area
3Deciduous Forest Deciduous means ‘to fall off’ Trees conserve water in winter by losing leavesGeorgia is a deciduous forest biome.Have warmer winters, longer summers and more rainfall than taigaAvg. rainfall inchesAvg. temp. Summer 82F and Winter 43 F
5Taiga Also known as coniferous forest Composed of conifers, or trees that produce seeds in conesCool summers and long cold winters with snowSouth of the TundraAvg. rainfall inchesAvg. temp. Summer 57F and Winter 14F
9Savanna Tropical grassland with scattered clumps of trees and shrubs Includes animals such as elephants, giraffes, zebra, lionsWarm temperatures with wet seasons and dry seasonsAvg. rainfall 59 inchesAvg. temp. Summer 93F and Winter 61F
13Desert Hot, dry region with less than 25 cm of rain per year Some may have cold winters and many have cold nightsSupports a variety of plants and animals that have adapted to the desertAvg. rainfall less than 10 inchesAvg. temp. Summer 100F and Winter 45F
18Marine EcosystemsIntertidal Zone- The region between the highest tide line and the lowest tide line.Neritic Zone- The region following the intertidal zone just above the continental shelf. This is the most productive zone in the ocean with lots of animal life
20Marine EcosystemsOceanic Zone is the open ocean. It is the largest marine zone and makes up most of the world’s oceans.Benthic Zone is the sea floor which extends horizontally from the neritic zone through the open ocean.
26Freshwater Ecosystems Freshwater ecosystems can be found in the Earth’s ponds, lakes, streams, and rivers.
27Freshwater EcosystemWetland- An ecosystem in which water either covers the soil or is near the soil’s surface for all or part of the year. Wetlands include marshes and swamps.Marsh-a treeless wetlandSwamp- a wetland with trees and vines
28Freshwater Ecosystems Wetlands often form at estuariesAn estuary is the place at the mouth of a river where fresh water and salt water mix
29How is a biome different from an ecosystem? 1.Biomes are made of many related ecosystems.