Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

8 The Executive Branch and the Federal Bureaucracy.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "8 The Executive Branch and the Federal Bureaucracy."— Presentation transcript:

1

2 8 The Executive Branch and the Federal Bureaucracy

3

4 Video: The Big Picture http://media.pearsoncmg.com/ph/hss/SSA_SHARED _MEDIA_1/polisci/presidency/OConner_Ch08_Executi ve_Branch_and_Federal_Bureaucracy_Seg1_v2.html 8

5 Trace the growth and development of the federal bureaucracy Describe modern bureaucracies, and outline the structure of the modern bureaucracy 8.1 8.2 Learning Objectives 8

6 Determine how the bureaucracy makes policy Evaluate controls designed to make agencies more accountable 8.3 8.4 Learning Objectives 8

7 Video: The Basics http://media.pearsoncmg.com/ph/hss/SSA_SH ARED_MEDIA_1/polisci/presidency/Seg2_Burea ucracy_v2.html 8

8 Roots of the Federal Bureaucracy  The Civil War and the Growth of Government  From the Spoils System to the Merit System  Regulating Commerce  The World Wars and the Growth of Government 8.1

9 The Civil War and the Growth of Government  Civil War changes Creation of the Department of Agriculture Creation of the Pension Office Authorization of thousands more employees  Permanent changes to the bureaucracy 8.1

10 From the Spoils System to the Merit System  Patronage system (“spoils system”) Federal jobs given to loyal supporters  Merit system Jobs given according to ability  Civil Service system Current system based on merit 8.1

11 Which president popularized the spoils system? 8.1

12 Regulating Commerce  Growth of big business Unfair business practices  Additional departments Reaction to railroad shipping rates Protect workers and small businesses from big businesses  Sixteenth Amendment Federal income tax 8.1

13 The World Wars and the Growth of Government  Franklin D. Roosevelt Social programs during Depression  World War II veterans benefits G.I. Bill, housing  Lyndon B. Johnson’s Great Society Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, Housing and Urban Development, Transportation 8.1

14 FIGURE 8.1: How many employees work in the federal executive branch? 8.1

15 How did World War II change government? 8.1

16 a.Equal Employment Opportunity Commission b.Federal Trade Commission c.Interstate Commerce Commission d.Civil Service System 8.1 What agency was created to help control the railroad shipping rates? 8.1

17 a.Equal Employment Opportunity Commission b.Federal Trade Commission c.Interstate Commerce Commission d.Civil Service System 8.1 What agency was created to help control the railroad shipping rates? 8.1

18 The Modern Bureaucracy  Who Are Bureaucrats?  Formal Organization  Government Workers and Political Involvement 8.2

19 Who Are Bureaucrats?  Covered by the Civil Service System 90-percent of federal employees  Not covered by the Civil Service System 10-percent of federal employees  Turnover High in some agencies, low in others 8.2

20 FIGURE 8.2: What are the federal agency regions, and where are their headquarters located? 8.2

21 Formal Organization  Cabinet departments  Independent executive agencies  Independent regulatory commissions  Government corporations 8.2

22 FIGURE 8.3: What are the Cabinet departments? 8.2

23 What do government corporations do? 8.2

24 Video: In the Real World http://media.pearsoncmg.com/ph/hss/SSA_SH ARED_MEDIA_1/polisci/presidency/Seg5_Burea ucracy_v2.html 8.2

25 Government Workers and Political Involvement  Hatch Act Limits federal employees’ political activities  Amendments to Hatch Act Rules relaxed somewhat 8.2

26 TABLE 8.1 What does the Hatch Act stipulate? 8.2

27 a.Cabinet departments b.Independent agencies c.Independent regulatory commissions d.Government corporations 8.2 Which of the following organizational entities has a narrow focus on a specific policy issue? 8.2

28 a.Cabinet departments b.Independent agencies c.Independent regulatory commissions d.Government corporations 8.2 Which of the following organizational entities has a narrow focus on a specific policy issue? 8.2

29 How the Bureaucracy Works  Making Policy  Rule Making  Administrative Adjudication 8.3

30 FIGURE 8.4: What constitutes an iron triangle? 8.3

31 Making Policy  Rule making Quasi-legislative process Regulations have force of law  Administrative adjudication Quasi-judicial process 8.3

32 Video: In Context http://media.pearsoncmg.com/ph/hss/SSA_SH ARED_MEDIA_1/polisci/presidency/Seg3_Burea ucracy_v2.html 8.3

33 FIGURE 8.5 How is a regulation made? 8.3

34 TABLE 8.2 How many comments do agencies receive on proposed rules? 8.3

35 Making Policy  Administrative adjudication Quasi-judicial process 8.3

36 8.3 What helps keep government agencies running smoothly on day-to-day issues? a.Administrative Law Judge authority b.Administrative Procedures Act c.Administrative rule-making and regulations d.Administrative discretion 8.3

37 8.3 What helps keep government agencies running smoothly on day-to-day issues? a.Administrative Law Judge authority b.Administrative Procedures Act c.Administrative rule-making and regulations d.Administrative discretion 8.3

38 Explore the Simulation: You Are Head of FEMA http://media.pearsoncmg.com/long/long_longma n_media_1/2013_mpsl_sim/simulation.html?sim ulaURL=9 8.3

39 Toward Reform: Making Agencies Accountable  Executive Control  Congressional Control  Judicial Control 8.4

40 Executive Control  Delegating Powers Challenges with agency responsiveness  Reorganizing the Bureaucracy Needs Congressional approval  Executive Orders Directions to agencies that have the force of law 8.4

41 Congressional Control  Confirms president’s picks for agency heads Can approve or reject  Oversight and Investigations Proactive or reactive  Power of the purse Controls the budget 8.4

42 Table 8.3: How are agencies made accountable? 8.4

43 Video: Thinking Like a Political Scientist http://media.pearsoncmg.com/ph/hss/SSA_SHA RED_MEDIA_1/polisci/presidency/Seg4_Bureaucr acy_v2.html 8.4

44 How does government oversee environmental disasters? 8.4

45 Judicial Control  Injunctions or orders Even before a rule is publicized  Requires due process Individuals can litigate  Specialized courts Have expertise in certain issues 8.4

46 a.Authorizes maximum amount of funding b.Issues injunctions to halt regulations c.Nominates heads of agencies d.Determines best way to implement regulations 8.4 8.4 What is one check Congress has on government agencies?

47 a.Authorizes maximum amount of funding b.Issues injunctions to halt regulations c.Nominates heads of agencies d.Determines best way to implement regulations 8.4 8.4 What is one check Congress has on government agencies?

48 Explore the Bureaucracy: What Puts the "Big" in Big Government? http://media.pearsoncmg.com/long/long _oconnor_mpslag_12/pex/pex8.html 8.4

49 Discussion Question Why does the bureaucracy have so much power in a democratic regime when it is unelected? What gives the bureaucracy its power? How does it make policy? What checks do the three branches of government have on the bureaucracy? 8

50 Video: So What? http://media.pearsoncmg.com/ph/hss/SSA_SHARED _MEDIA_1/polisci/presidency/OConner_Ch08_Execut ive_Branch_and_Federal_Bureaucracy_Seg6_v2.html 8

51 Further Review: On MyPoliSciLab  Listen to the Chapter  Study and Review the Flashcards  Study and Review the Practice Tests 8


Download ppt "8 The Executive Branch and the Federal Bureaucracy."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google