Presentation on theme: "England and the Glorious Revolution Parliament Limits the English Monarchy Chapter 5 Section 5."— Presentation transcript:
England and the Glorious Revolution Parliament Limits the English Monarchy Chapter 5 Section 5
34 Elizabeth I (1533-1603) 34
35 Elizabeth I English queen Early life/background – Daughter of Henry VIII and second wife Anne Boleyn – Grew up in the midst of the Protestant Reformation in England – Took over the throne in time of turmoil after Catholic sister Mary died. 35
36 Elizabeth I Achievements – Brought together England after religious turmoil - temporarily reconciled different protestants and catholics – English golden age Ex. Shakespeare – Valued the loyalty and dedication of her subjects - to keep peace – Beat Spanish Armada (1588) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Jl3stf20X10 36
37 Elizabeth I Legacy – “Virgin Queen” since she never married – England at a high point and developing world power – Crown passed to cousin the Stuarts (James I and Charles I) who did not believe in compromising with the Puritans in Parliament – Led later to a civil war (1642-1649) and brief overthrow of the monarchy 37
Bloodless Revolution in England Timeline- the struggle between King and Parliament 1603 – James I takes the throne in England 1629 – Charles I dissolves Parliament 1642 – English Civil War begins 1649 – Charles I is executed at the end of the Civil War: Oliver Cromwell sets up dictatorship and rules England 1660 - Parliament brings back the monarchy: Charles II is crowned king (the Restoration) 1688 – The Glorious Revolution takes place – bloodless overthrow of James II 1689 – Parliament passes the English Bill of Rights. A constitutional monarchy is established which laws limit the monarch’s power.