Presentation on theme: "Lecture 17 Asking and Responding to Questions. Review of Lecture 16 In lecture 16, we learnt how to – Talk about future plans and intentions – Use Present."— Presentation transcript:
Review of Lecture 16 In lecture 16, we learnt how to – Talk about future plans and intentions – Use Present Simple and Present Continuous – Use Future Simple and ‘be going to’ – Write itineraries
Objectives of Lecture 17 After completing lecture 17, you should be able to – Identify types of questions – Form appropriate questions – Use appropriate intonation patterns
Questions You are a teacher, aren’t you? Do you teach Maths? Have you ever received best teacher award? Which textbook(s) do you teach from? How do you assess your student’s learning progress? How often do you arrange class tests? How many questions do you ask in a day? Why did you decide to enroll in ADE? How will ADE help you in your teaching career?
Question Types Yes / No Questions Wh- Questions Embedded questions Tag Questions
Yes / No Questions Questions that may be answered with a YES or NO. Can you swim? Is he a mechanic? Is he sleeping right now? Have you got the key? Do you live in Sialkot? Did you invite Mr. Tahir? Should we wear uniform?
Positive and Negative Yes/No Questions Positive Are you coming? Have you met him before? Are you ashamed of what you did? Have you invited your friend? Can you answer a simple question? Negative Aren’t you coming? Haven’t you met him before? Aren’t you ashamed of what you did? Haven’t you invited your friend? Can’t you answer a simple question? Positive yes/no questions do not imply any expectation regarding whether the answer will be yes or no. Negative yes/no questions are generally asked to confirm an assumption or expectation.
Exercise 1 Indicate what expectation or assumption do these questions imply. 1.Aren’t you a plumber? – I expected you to be a plumber. 2.Can’t you wait a little? – I assume that you are getting a little impatient. 3.Weren’t you informed? – I expected you were informed. 4.Didn’t I warn you before? – I’m annoyed because you didn’t listen to me. 5.Won’t you help him? – I’m sure you will help him.
Wh- Questions Questions that start with a question word and require a longer answer. You can’t answer a wh- question with a YES or NO. When will the match start? How far is your house from your school? Which color is your favorite?
Question Words What things Who / whose / whomperson Whentime / date Whereplace Whyreason Whichoption / choice Howmethod / way How fardistance / degree How oftenfrequency How longduration / time period How manynumber How muchquantity / price How tallheight
Questions with Prepositions Questions ending in prepositions are very common in English. After Who, Which or What we often have a preposition at the end of the sentence: Who does this book belong to? What are you looking for? Which university did you go to? What country do you come from?
Special Question Words Who – Subject: Who invented radio? Who discovered America? Who stood first? – Possesion: Whose pen is it? Whose house are you looking for? Whose bags is this? / Whose is this bag? – Object: Whom did you call? Who did you talk to? Who are you talking about? What – Subject: What went wrong? What happened afterwards? What made you angry? – Object: What did you say? What have you done?
Exercise 2 Ask an appropriate question to get the missing information. 1.Ahmed bought a camera yesterday. – What did Ahmed buy yesterday? 2.Fatima lives in Karachi. – Where does Fatima live? 3.Farhan needed the money to pay his fee. – Why did Farhan need the money? 4.The book cost him 300 rupees. – How much did the book cost (him)? 5.I’m looking for a car that is fuel efficient. – Which car are you looking for? 6.He visits his parents every month. – How often does he visit his parents? 7.I came here on foot. – How did you come here? 8.It takes an hour to get there. – How long does it take to get here?
Embedded Questions Questions that appear in a declarative statement or in an other question Do you know where he lives? Can you tell me why you misbehaved? I wonder why you come late. The question is how often we should assess our students’ progress. Who will tell me where our prophet (SAW) was born? Does anyone know how plants grow? Tell me what time it is. Can you explain how clouds are formed?
Tag Questions Tag questions consist of a tag, which is a short question form, attached to a stem, which is a statement. You are going, aren’t you? They have won, haven’t they? He is not an electrician, is he? You can drive, can’t you? They didn’t inform, did they? He lives in Lahore, doesn’t he? He didn’t play, did he? Hurry up, will you?
Types of Tag Questions Tag questions are of two main types: opposite polarity and same polarity tag questions. Opposite Polarity Tag Questions: He’s a doctor, isn’t he? They’re not willing, are they? Same Polarity Tag Questions: So, that’s your masterpiece, is it? Be quiet, will you? It’s your test today, remember? Let’s start working, shall we?
Exercise 3 Identify the function of each tag question. 1.Ali is invited, isn’t he? – Asking for information 2.It’s Friday today, isn’t it? – A reminder 3.You don’t believe me, do you? – A confirmation 4.Turn on the TV, will you? – An urgent imperative 5.Let’s talk about that over dinner, shall we? – A polite suggestion 6.So, you think you are some kind of genius, do you? – Sarcasm 7.You understand what I mean, right? – Seeking feedback / checking
Intonation Yes / No QuestionsRising Tone Wh- Questions Falling Tone Tag Questions(chat)Falling Tone Tag Questions (check)Rising Tone You live here? You’re a doctor? You need my help?
Practice Situation 1.Find a partner and work in pairs. 2.Suppose you are a news reporter and your partner is a celebrity. 3.Write down 10 questions that you’d like to ask or people would like to know about that celebrity. 4.Interview the celebrity. 5.After the activity, swap your roles and repeat the activity.
Summary of Lecture 17 In lecture 17, we learnt how to – Identify types of questions – Form appropriate questions – Use appropriate intonation patterns