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WH - Questions Getting Information Bridget Green Grammar MFWI 2006; based on Douglas Griffith.

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Presentation on theme: "WH - Questions Getting Information Bridget Green Grammar MFWI 2006; based on Douglas Griffith."— Presentation transcript:

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2 WH - Questions Getting Information Bridget Green Grammar MFWI 2006; based on Douglas Griffith

3 First, Explain how to make Yes/No questions in English to another person. Inversion of subject and auxiliary! BE, HAVE, MODALS, or add DO

4 Worksheet… Talk with a partner It’s important to work together! Make noise! Ask each other questions!

5 Asking Questions There are two kinds of questions in English: Yes/No questions Information questions

6 Like this… Yes/No questions Are you happy? Yes, I am. Information questions Why are you happy? because I’m happy because I love studying grammar. Yes/No questions have a ‘rising’ intonation. Information questions have a ‘falling’ intonation.

7 Next, 1. ___________________ Yes. (I have a sister.) 2. ___________________ No. (I can’t write kanji.) 3. ___________________ Yes. (I have been to Osaka!) 4. ___________________ Yes. (I am married.) 5. ___________________ No. (I wasn’t born yesterday.) 6. ___________________ Yes. (I like Japanese food.) 7. ___________________ Yes. (James also teaches English.) Practice making Yes/No questions.

8 Check your answers… Inversion of subject and auxiliary. 1. Do you have a sister? Yes. (I have a sister.) 2. Can you write kanji? No. (I can’t write kanji.) 3. Have you been to Osaka? Yes. (I have been to Osaka!) 4. Are you married?Yes. (I am married.) 5. Were you born yesterday?No. (I wasn’t born yesterday.) 6. Do you like Japanese food?Yes. (I like Japanese food.) 7. Does James also teach English?Yes. (James also teaches English.)

9 Question Words who what when where why whose which how –how + adj (how tall, how old, etc) –how + adv (how quickly, how soon, etc) –how often –how far –how long –how many –how much

10 Which question words? Johnny Depp who actorwhat in Spokanewhere this week because I’m tired when why very beautifullyhow since she was very young how long

11 Which question words? mine whose 300 mileshow far/how many miles threehow many two hours to go sightseeing how long why Yuko’swhose a lot how much/how many

12 What’s the Yes/No question? Jin is cute.

13 Is Jin cute? Yes, he is. What’s the Yes/No question?

14 Jin is going.

15 Is Jin going? Yes, he is. What’s the Yes/No question?

16 Q: ______________ A: To Hawaii. What’s the information question? Where is he going?

17 Q: ______________ A: Next week. What’s the information question? When is he going?

18 Q: ______________ A: To get married. What’s the information question? Why is he going?

19 Q: ___________________ For What’s the information question? How long is he going for? two weeks. A:

20 Q: __________________ A: With What’s the information question? Who is he going with? his fiancée. m With whom is he going?

21 Check your answers… Is he going? Yes, he is. 1. Where is he going?To Hawaii. 2. Why is he going?To get married. 3. When is he going?Next week. 4. How long is he going for? For two weeks. 5. Who is he going with? With his fiancée. 1. Is he going? Yes, he is. 2. Where is he going?To Hawaii. 3. When is he going?Next week. 4. Why is he going?To get married. 5. How long is he going for? For two weeks. 6. Who is he going with? With his fiancée.

22 To make an information question… So… Wh- Is Jin going? Add……to the yes/no question is Jin going? aux + S + main

23 Subject? Object? There are a few little things to remember… Remember this one: Q: ______________________ A: With his fiancée. What’s the question?

24 WHO? Object Q: Who is he going with? Short answer: With his fiancée. Long answer: He is going with his fiancée.

25 WHO? WHAT? Object Q: Who is he going with? Long answer: He is going with his fiancée. When you ask a who or what question about the object, it is the same. + [aux v + S + main v]Who/What/Which

26 BUT… SUBJECT Q: _____________________? Long answer: He is going with his fiancée. IF the question is about the subject, then you use who or what as a pronoun.

27 SO… SUBJECT He is going with his fiancée. IF the question is about the subject, then you replace the subject with who or what. Who is going with his fiancée? A: ______ Jin is.

28 PRACTICE SUBJECT IF the question is about the subject, then you use who or what as a pronoun. 1.Sushi tastes good. 2.My sister and my mother are good cooks. 3.My host parents will be arriving soon. 1.What tastes good? 2.Who are good cooks? 3.Who will be arriving soon?

29 Ask questions… Vanessa Paradis Johnny Depp

30 BE CAREFUL… Subject or Object? 1.Johnny loves Vanessa. 2.Johnny loves Vanessa. Subject Object

31 What’s the question? Subject or Object? 1.Johnny loves Vanessa. 2.Johnny loves Vanessa. Who loves Vanessa? Who does Johnny love? SUBJECT Who acts like a pronoun… Object Wh- + [aux v + S + main v]

32 What’s the short answer? Subject or Object? Who loves Vanessa? Who does Johnny love? Johnny does. Vanessa. Johnny loves. Vanessa does. Vanessa loves.

33 Practice again… 1.Mel kicked Al. 2. Mel kicked Al. Who did Mel kick? Who kicked Al? Subject Object Subject or Object?What’s the question?

34 Practice again… Al. Mel did. What’s the short answer? Who did Mel kick? Who kicked Al?

35 Make questions… 1.I saw something. 2.I saw someone. 3.Something happened. 4.Johnny Depp came. 5.This hat is mine. 6.They can run very fast. 7.They can run very fast. 8.I love him. 9.Homestay is great! 10.Asking questions is good for your English. 1.What did you see? 2.Who did you see? 3.What happened? 4.Who came? 5.Which hat is yours? 6.Who can run very fast? 7.How fast can they run? 8.Who do you love? 9.What is great? 10.What is good for your English?

36 Some problems… To ask someone’s opinion, we say… How do you feel about something ? What do you think about something ? How do you think about something ? What do you feel about something ?

37 Some problems… Ever is only used in questions and negatives… Have you ever been to Osaka? I have ever been to Osaka. I haven’t ever been to Osaka. (=never) I have never been to Osaka. I have been to Osaka once.

38 Some problems… Embedded questions… He is going home. Where ___________? I don’t know ______________. is he going aux subject Question order where he is going aux subject This is not a question. Not question order.

39 Practice Embedded Questions 1.Where is he going? 2.What was she doing? 3.How could you do it? 4.Who is he going to marry? 1.I don’t know where he is going. 2.I’m not sure _____________. 3.I have no idea _____________. 4.I wonder _____________.

40 Practice Embedded Questions 1.Where is he going? 2.What was she doing? 3.How could they do it? 4.Who is he going to marry? 1.I don’t know where he is going. 2.I’m not sure what she was doing. 3.I have no idea how they could do it. 4.I wonder who he is going to marry.

41 That’s it… Homework: 1 grammar card Key words: Wh- questions subject questions object questions embedded questions Homework Handout… Check this week’s homework in the library.


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