Presentation on theme: "What is a Government? A government is the ruling authority for a community. Basically any organization that has the power to make and enforce laws and."— Presentation transcript:
1 What is a Government?A government is the ruling authority for a community.Basically any organization that has the power to make and enforce laws and decisions for its members acts as a government.
2 4 basic function of government Keeping orderproviding securityProviding public servicesGuiding the community
3 There are 3 levels of our government National GovernmentCentered in the nations' capital, washing, D.C. They make and enforce the laws for the entire country.State GovernmentWhich decides matters for the people in their stateLocal GovernmentLocal governments include counties, cities and towns
4 Which type of Government do we have a Democracy or a Dictatorship? A Dictatorship is a government controlled by one person or a small group of peopleA Democracy is a kind of government in which the people rule. The foundations of democracy began in ancient GreeceThere are two types of Democracy
5 What are the two types of Democracy Direct DemocracyAll citizens met to debate government matters and vote first-handRepresentative DemocraciesCitizens choose a smaller group to represent them, make laws, and govern on their behalf, but the people remain the source of the governments authority.
6 The fundamental principles of American Democracy Rule of lawAll people, including those who govern, are bound by lawLimited GovernmentGovernment is not all powerfulConsent of the governedAmerican citizens are the source of all governmental powerIndividual rightsIndividual rights are protectedRepresentative governmentPeople elect government leaders to make the laws and govern on their behalf.
7 2 Ways to become an American Citizen By BirthBy Naturalization
8 The Naturalization Process Step 1. File a Declaration of Intention.Step 2. Live in U.S for 5 yearsStep 3. Learn English, Civics, U.S. History.Step 4. File an application of Naturalization.Step 5. Meeting with an immigration examiner.Step 6. Court Appearance/Oath of Allegiance
9 E pluribus unum Out of many, one To Americans this reminds us that many diverse citizens of the united states have joined together to create a single, strong nation.For all our differences we are linked by shared values and experiences
10 A Nation of ImmigrantsBeginning in the 1600’s people from France and England came to North America.The French settled primarily in Canada and around the Mississippi riverThe English settled mainly along the east coast.
11 Magna Carta Magna Carta is Latin for great charter This document proteted the nobles privileges and upheld their authorityIt also granted rights to all land holdersRights that eventually came to apply to all English People
12 ParliamentThe parliament grew in power and size until eventually it split.Into the house of lords (nobles)And the house of Commons (citizens)Over time the parliament became more powerful than the monarchyThis lead to the Glorious Revolution
13 JamestownThe first permanent English settlement in North America was Jamestown 1607Was created by a charter from King JamesA charter is a written document granting land and the authority to set up colonial governments.
14 PlymouthIn 1620 a new group of colonist known as Pilgrims arrived in AmericaThey build a settlement called Plymouth in MassachusettsThey drew up a written plan for government called the Mayflower CompactA compact is an agreement among a group of people.
15 MercantilismEconomic theory that state that a country should sell more goods than it buys.
16 The Stamp ActNo taxation without representation
17 Boycott The refusal of American colonist to buy or use English goods Lead to the repeal of the stamp act
18 18. Parliament repeal of Stamp act Why did they repealed the stamp act?Merchant were putting pressure on ParliamentMerchants were unhappy with the stamp act because they were losing money.
19 Intolerable ActsActs passed by the English to punish Boston for the boycott of English goods.The quartering act forced colonist to house any and all English troops for free
20 Boston Tea Party / Boston Massacre Two events that sparked the American RevolutionSons of libertyCrispus Attucks
21 Articles of Confederation The first constitution of the United States.A weak documentNo power to taxNo power to enforce laws
22 Resulted from high state taxes in Massachusetts Shay’s RebellionShowed the people that the articles of the confederation were not effective.Resulted from high state taxes in Massachusetts
23 A form of government where citizens own the power to rule DemocracyA form of government where citizens own the power to rule(Examples)DirectRepresentative
24 The United States of America’s written plan for government ConstitutionThe United States of America’s written plan for governmentPreambleArticlesAmendments
25 PreambleThe introduction to the constitution and it list the six basic goal of our country
26 Great CompromiseSettled the dispute between the big states and the small states over representation by establishing a bicameral legislature/congress
27 The Senate is made up of two senators per state (100 members) CongressTwo house legislative body made up of the House of representatives and the Senate (Bicameral)House of representatives is based on population of the state (435 members)The Senate is made up of two senators per state (100 members)