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Welcome to U.S. History II Ms. Varnum. Syllabus & Academic Integrity Any questions?

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Presentation on theme: "Welcome to U.S. History II Ms. Varnum. Syllabus & Academic Integrity Any questions?"— Presentation transcript:

1 Welcome to U.S. History II Ms. Varnum

2 Syllabus & Academic Integrity Any questions?

3 Classroom Policies Mutual Respect Cell Phones Bathroom Food

4 True or False? 1.During WWII the United States economy suffered. 2.The United States and Great Britain were both members of the Allied Powers 3.The United States and the Soviet Union Fought against each other in WWII Write 3 additional facts about WWII Unit 1: Day 1

5 Directions Read “Telescoping the Times: The United States in World War II” (taken from The Americans) In your notebook, answer the following questions: 1. What social changes arose from the war? 2. What economic changes arose from the war? 3. Based on this reading, describe the relationship between the US and the USSR during WWII.

6 Making Predictions What were some possible causes of tension between the US and USSR after WWII?

7 The Cold War

8 Exit Ticket Directions: Write your answer to the following question in complete sentences. Be specific and include as much detail as possible. Answers will be collected on your way out of class. “How did the end of WWII lead to the Cold War?”

9 Unit 1: The Cold War Do Now: Create a “Do Now” page in your notebook – answer all Unit 1 Do Now questions on that page. (Hint: This might come in handy for quizzes/tests) Answer the following questions: 1.When did the US celebrate the end of WWII in Europe and the Pacific? A. December, 1944 B. June, 1944 C. May, 1945 D. August, 1945 E. February, Who were the leaders of the major allied forces at the end of WWII? Unit 1: Day 2

10 Directions: 1.Create a T-Chart (like the one below) in your notebook 2.Read pg in The Americans. Fill in your T-Chart as you read. 3.Compare your chart with a partner 4.Place a $ next to economic goals. Place a # next to goals that involved self-protection. US Goals after WWIIUSSR Goals after WWII

11 Capitalism vs. Communism Capitalism: n. an economic system in which private individuals and corporations control the means of production and use them to earn profits. -Anyone can start their own business, earn their own profit -Rule of laws: certain things you can and cant do -Prices & Wages are determined by supply & demand -Free Enterprise -Economic system -Government plays limited role -Uneven distribution of wealth – 3 class sytem Communism: n. an economic and political system based on one party government and state ownership of property. -Equal distribution of wealth and power -Economic and political system -Little or no private ownership of property & no political freedom -Dictatorship (Stalin)

12 Exit Ticket Would you prefer to live in a communist society or a capitalist society? Why?

13 Do Now: 3. True or false: There are elections in a communist controlled country. 4. True or false: During the Cold War, the United States and Soviet Union never directly fought each other. 5. The “Iron Curtain” became known as the divide in_________ a. Asia b. America c. Germany d. Soviet Union e. Europe 6. The world peacekeeping body formed after WWII was called the a. League of Nations b. United Nations c. North Atlantic Treaty Organization d. Warsaw Pact Unit 1: Day 3

14 Capitalismvs.Communism

15 Private ownership (houses/businesses) Different classes (uneven distribution of wealth) Competition drives innovation Government has control of economic decisions No private ownership (government owns everything) No class distinctions No individual freedom/economic freedom

16 Analyzing Motives Independent Activity: Read handout and complete chart at the bottom of the page. Experiences During War Emotions after War Needs After War Soviet Union Suffered more casualties and destruction than other Allied forces - Feared another invasion from the west - revenge, payback, etc. -Rebuild - Protection United States Considerably fewer casualties Very little destruction -Feared totalitarian governments -Emerged from the war economically stronger than ever - Needed free markets in Europe to sell large amount of goods it produced

17 Goals After WWII United States 1. Gain access to raw materials/markets in Eastern Europe 2. Rebuild European governments to establish new markets for US goods 3. Prevent spread of communism Soviet Union 1. Spread communism 2. Control Eastern Europe (economy, protection from satellite nations); balance US power 3. Keep Germany weak/divided

18 Ch. 26, Sec. 2: Guided Reading Civil War in ChinaCivil War in Korea 1. Which side did the US support and why? The Nationalists, because they opposed communism. South Korea because it was democratic and North Korea was communist/totalitarian. 2. What did the US do to affect the outcome of the war? Sent the nationalists billions of dollars in military equipment and supplies; tried to negotiate end to the war Provide naval and air support; sent troops; went to war 3. What was the outcome of the war? The communists won; nationalists forced to flee to Taiwan Stalemate; Korea remains 2 nations separated by a demilitarized zone; US lost 54,000 soldiers & spent $67 billion 4. How did the American public react to that outcome and why? Fear, shock, anger; refused to accept communism as China’s true government; couldn’t believe that the policy of containment failed. High cost of war led Americans to reject democratic party.

19 Do Now: Unit 1: Day 4

20 Happy Monday! Do Now: Quiz! Please put phones on desk face down OR in phone jail. Phones during quiz = automatic zero. No excuses. Questions 10 & 11: Write in complete sentences, provide detail and support for your answer. 3pts each!

21 Causes & Effects of Cold War CAUSES US & USSR had opposite beliefs USSR dominated Eastern Europe US believed in containment of communism COLD WAR BEGAN IN 1947 EFFECTS US developed the Berlin Airlift to help West Berlin, Germany NATO was formed Truman Doctrine and Marshall Plan aided Europe America fought communist forces in N. Korea America tried to help China resist communism and failed

22 Class Participation Rubric

23 Primary Source Documents

24 Reading Like a Historian Sourcing (before reading!) Contextualization (before reading!) Close Reading (as you read/after you read) Corroboration (after you read)

25 Reading Like a Historian Sourcing: Who wrote your document and when was it written? What is the author’s Perspective? Contextualization When and where was the document created? What was going on at the time this document was created? Close Reading What claims does the author make? What evidence does the author use?

26 Reading Like a Historian Corroboration (putting it all together) What do other documents say? Do the documents agree? If not, why? What documents are most reliable?

27 Happy Monday! Do Now: 7. What do we know about US foreign policy during The Cold War? 8. Draw something that relates to The Cold War. *Foreign Policy = (noun) a government’s strategy in dealing with other nations

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29 Containment What: A U.S. policy developed to deal with the Soviet threat. Goal: to prevent the extension of communist rule to other countries. Effect: Guided the Truman administration’s foreign policy.

30 Containment Truman Doctrine Provided $400 million in aid to Greece and Turkey between 1947 and 1950 Prevented spread of soviet control to these countries The Marshall Plan Provided $12.5 billion in aid to European countries between Revived European hope – by 1952 Western Europe flourishing Berlin Airlift US & British aid to West Berlin using airplanes to transport 2.3 million tons of supplies (food, coal, medicine, etc.) after the city was blockaded by the Soviet Union 327 days straight, 277,000 flights into Berlin

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37 Berlin Airlift Re-telling Work in groups of 4 Put cards in correct order of story Then, try to retell the story Pass cards when you get stuck When everyone in your group can retell the entire story, YOU WIN!

38 Do Now 9. What did the Berlin Airlift, the Truman Doctrine, and the Marshall Plan all have in common? 10. Did the U.S. policy of containment apply only to Europe?

39 Korea & China Directions: 1.Read pages in your textbook and answer the following questions in complete sentences in your notebook. 1.What factors led to the Communist takeover in China? 2.How did Korea become a divided nation after World War II? 3.How did the involvement of Communist China affect the Korean War? 4.How did Truman and MacArthur differ over strategy in the Korean War?

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41 The Korean War: Different Perspectives Directions: 1.Read the excerpts from “Textbook A” and “Textbook B” 2.Answer the following questions in your notebook: 1.According to each textbook, how did the Korean War start? 2.Which of these textbooks do you find more trustworthy? Why? (use specific examples from each text to support your answer) 3.Where else would you look in order to figure out how the Korean War started? 4.Which textbook comes from North Korea? Which comes from South Korea? (use specific examples from each text to support your answer) Textbook ATextbook B

42 The Korean War: Different Perspectives Textbook A History of the Revolution of our Great Leader Kim Il- sun: High School. (Pongyang, North Korea: Textbook Publishing Co., 1999). Textbook B Kim, Doojin. Korean History: Senior High. (Seoul, South Korea: Dae HanTextbook Co.), 2001.

43 Exit Ticket How did US action in China lead to the Korean War? Write one potential quiz question for Ch. 26, Sections 1 &2

44 Monday, 9/29 3. Read Section 3 (pg ) -Answer following questions in your notebook: -3 “MAIN IDEA” questions: A (pg. 823), B (pg. 824), C (pg. 825) -Section 3 Assessment #1 & 2 (pg. 827)

45 Do Now: Put everything away! Red Dot Game: 1.Pick a piece of paper – DON’T SHOW ANYONE! Put in pocket (must stay there entire game!!!) 2.GOAL: BLANK paper: Create the largest group of people with ONLY blank paper – largest group WINS! RED DOT paper: get into a group with blank paper – YOU WIN!

46 What are civil liberties? Definition: individual rights protected by law from unjust governmental or other interference. Civil liberties are guaranteed by the Bill of Rights and the 13 th, 14 th and 15 th Amendments to the Constitution. Examples: 13 th Amendment: prohibits slavery and involuntary servitude 14 th Amendment: prohibits… - any law that would abridge the “privileges and immunities” of U.S. citizens - deprive any person “life, liberty or property…without due process of law” - Deny any person equal protection under the law 15 th Amendment: guarantees the right of all U.S. citizens to vote.

47 Concept Map Anti-Communist fear gripped the country

48 Do Now: Answer these questions on your DO NOW PAGE of your notebook! 11. Why were Americans worried about the security of the United States during the Cold War? 12. What 2 government organizations were formed to stop the spread of communism in the United States?

49 Causes and Effects: McCarthyism Causes Soviets successfully establish Communists regimes in Eastern Europe after WWII. Soviets develop the atomic bomb more quickly than expected Korean War ends in stalemate Republicans gain politically by accusing Truman and Democrats of being soft on communism

50 Causes and Effects: McCarthyism Effects Millions of Americans are forced to take loyalty oaths and undergo loyalty investigations. Activism by labor unions goes into decline. Many people are afraid to speak out on public issues. Anti-communism continues driving U.S. foreign policy.

51 Causes and Effects: McCarthyism Causes Soviets successfully establish Communists regimes in Eastern Europe after WWII. Soviets develop the atomic bomb more quickly than expected Korean War ends in stalemate Republicans gain politically by accusing Truman and Democrats of being soft on communism Effects Millions of Americans are forced to take loyalty oaths and undergo loyalty investigations. Activism by labor unions goes into decline. Many people are afraid to speak out on public issues. Anti-communism continues driving U.S. foreign policy. The Americans, p. 827

52 Herblock, Washington Post, October 31, 1947, Library of Congress

53 "Say, what ever happened to 'freedom-from-fear'?"August 13, Published in the Washington Post

54 Going against McCarthy "I speak as a Republican. I speak as a woman. I speak as a United States senator. I speak as an American...I am not proud of the way in which the Senate has been made a publicity platform for irresponsible sensationalism. I am not proud of the reckless abandon in which unproved charges have been hurled from this side of the aisle.” Senator Margaret Chase Smith

55 Do Now: 13. In your own words, define McCarthyism. 14. Who gained politically from McCarthyism? Why did they benefit?

56 Section 2 Quiz *Chance to earn 3 points on your Section 2 Quiz* Describe the foreign policy of the United States during the Cold War. Include specific examples and the overall goal of the U.S.

57 Two Nations Live on the Edge 1.Fear/horror because Soviet Union’s development of the atomic bomb took away the U.S. advantage – developed the Hydrogen bomb in response (“Arms Race”) 2.Used cover CIA action to topple the Iranian government in order to establish a government more favorable to Western interests 3.Used cover CIA action to topple the Guatemalan government in order to establish a government more favorable to Western interests 4.Eisenhower Doctrine created to prevent attacks from Communist countries; asked the U.N. to order a cease-fire and the withdrawal of troops 5.Protested the invasion, but policy of containment did not support driving Soviets from satellite nations. U.S. did little to help. 6.Poured money into space program and education; felt vulnerable to nuclear attack and inferior to Soviet Union science and technology (“Space Race”) 7.At first lied about the purpose of the flight; then publicly admitted guilt to salvage an impending summit conference on the arms race

58 Exit Ticket TO BE TURNED IN: - Create a list of topics to consider for the Unit 1 Test next week. This should include main ideas covered this unit (events, people, conflicts, etc.) - Put an asterisk next to items on your list that need clarification before the test.

59 Do Now: 15. True or False: America tested new nuclear weapons during the 1950s and 1960s. 16. Why were people terrified of the Soviet Union having nuclear weapons? How did people prepare for possible attacks?


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