4True or False? Write 3 additional facts about WWII Unit 1: Day 1True or False?During WWII the United States economy suffered.The United States and Great Britain were both members of the Allied PowersThe United States and the Soviet Union Fought against each other in WWIIWrite 3 additional facts about WWII
5DirectionsRead “Telescoping the Times: The United States in World War II” (taken from The Americans)In your notebook, answer the following questions:1. What social changes arose from the war?2. What economic changes arose from the war?3. Based on this reading, describe the relationship between the US and the USSR during WWII.
6Making PredictionsWhat were some possible causes of tension between the US and USSR after WWII?
8“How did the end of WWII lead to the Cold War?” Exit TicketDirections: Write your answer to the following question in complete sentences. Be specific and include as much detail as possible. Answers will be collected on your way out of class.“How did the end of WWII lead to the Cold War?”
9Unit 1: The Cold War Do Now: Answer the following questions: Unit 1: Day 2Unit 1: The Cold WarDo Now:Create a “Do Now” page in your notebook – answer all Unit 1 Do Now questions on that page. (Hint: This might come in handy for quizzes/tests)Answer the following questions:When did the US celebrate the end of WWII in Europe and the Pacific?A. December, 1944B. June, 1944C. May, 1945D. August, 1945E. February, 1946Who were the leaders of the major allied forces at the end of WWII?
10Directions: Create a T-Chart (like the one below) in your notebook Read pg in The Americans. Fill in your T-Chart as you read.Compare your chart with a partnerPlace a $ next to economic goals. Place a # next to goals that involved self-protection.US Goals after WWIIUSSR Goals after WWII
11Capitalism vs. Communism Capitalism: n. an economic system in which private individuals and corporations control the means of production and use them to earn profits.Anyone can start their own business, earn their own profitRule of laws: certain things you can and cant doPrices & Wages are determined by supply & demandFree EnterpriseEconomic systemGovernment plays limited roleUneven distribution of wealth – 3 class sytemCommunism: n. an economic and political system based on one party government and state ownership of property.Equal distribution of wealth and powerEconomic and political systemLittle or no private ownership of property & no political freedomDictatorship (Stalin)
12Exit TicketWould you prefer to live in a communist society or a capitalist society? Why?
13Unit 1: Day 3Do Now:3. True or false: There are elections in a communist controlled country. 4. True or false: During the Cold War, the United States and Soviet Union never directly fought each other. 5. The “Iron Curtain” became known as the divide in_________ a. Asia b. America c. Germany d. Soviet Union e. Europe 6. The world peacekeeping body formed after WWII was called the a. League of Nations b. United Nations c. North Atlantic Treaty Organization d. Warsaw Pact
15Capitalism vs. Communism Private ownership (houses/businesses)Different classes (uneven distribution of wealth)Competition drives innovationGovernment has control of economic decisionsNo private ownership (government owns everything)No class distinctionsNo individual freedom/economic freedom
16Analyzing MotivesIndependent Activity: Read handout and complete chart at the bottom of the page.Experiences During WarEmotions after WarNeeds After WarSoviet UnionSuffered more casualties and destruction than other Allied forces- Feared another invasion from the west- revenge, payback, etc.-Rebuild- ProtectionUnited StatesConsiderably fewer casualtiesVery little destructionFeared totalitarian governmentsEmerged from the war economically stronger than ever- Needed free markets in Europe to sell large amount of goods it produced
17Goals After WWII United States Gain access to raw materials/markets in Eastern EuropeRebuild European governments to establish new markets for US goodsPrevent spread of communismSoviet UnionSpread communismControl Eastern Europe (economy, protection from satellite nations); balance US powerKeep Germany weak/divided
18Ch. 26, Sec. 2: Guided Reading Civil War in China Civil War in Korea 1. Which side did the US support and why?The Nationalists, because they opposed communism.South Korea because it was democratic and North Korea was communist/totalitarian.2. What did the US do to affect the outcome of the war?Sent the nationalists billions of dollars in military equipment and supplies; tried to negotiate end to the warProvide naval and air support; sent troops; went to war3. What was the outcome of the war?The communists won; nationalists forced to flee to TaiwanStalemate; Korea remains 2 nations separated by a demilitarized zone; US lost 54,000 soldiers & spent $67 billion4. How did the American public react to that outcome and why?Fear, shock, anger; refused to accept communism as China’s true government; couldn’t believe that the policy of containment failed.High cost of war led Americans to reject democratic party.
20Happy Monday! Do Now: Quiz! Please put phones on desk face down OR in phone jail.Phones during quiz = automatic zero. No excuses.Questions 10 & 11: Write in complete sentences, provide detail and support for your answer. 3pts each!
21Causes & Effects of Cold War US & USSR had opposite beliefsUSSR dominated Eastern EuropeUS believed in containment of communismCOLD WAR BEGAN IN 1947EFFECTSAmerica tried to help China resist communism and failedAmerica fought communist forces in N. KoreaTruman Doctrine and Marshall Plan aided EuropeNATO was formedUS developed the Berlin Airlift to help West Berlin, Germany
24Reading Like a Historian Sourcing (before reading!)Contextualization (before reading!)Close Reading (as you read/after you read)Corroboration (after you read)
25Reading Like a Historian Sourcing:Who wrote your document and when was it written?What is the author’s Perspective?ContextualizationWhen and where was the document created?What was going on at the time this document was created?Close ReadingWhat claims does the author make?What evidence does the author use?
26Reading Like a Historian Corroboration (putting it all together)What do other documents say?Do the documents agree? If not, why?What documents are most reliable?
27Happy Monday!Do Now:7. What do we know about US foreign policy during The Cold War?8. Draw something that relates to The Cold War.*Foreign Policy = (noun) a government’s strategy in dealing with other nations
28GERMANYIt was a story about the struggle over Germany directly after WWII.Germany was divided into four zones: American, British, French and Soviet.
29ContainmentWhat: A U.S. policy developed to deal with the Soviet threat.Goal: to prevent the extension of communist rule to other countries.Effect: Guided the Truman administration’s foreign policy.
30Containment Truman Doctrine Provided $400 million in aid to Greece and Turkey between 1947 and 1950Prevented spread of soviet control to these countriesThe Marshall PlanProvided $12.5 billion in aid to European countries betweenRevived European hope – by 1952 Western Europe flourishingBerlin AirliftUS & British aid to West Berlin using airplanes to transport 2.3 million tons of supplies (food, coal, medicine, etc.) after the city was blockaded by the Soviet Union327 days straight, 277,000 flights into BerlinUS & British aid to West Berlin using airplanes to transport 2.3 million tons of supplies (food, coal, medicine, etc.)327 days straight, 277,000 flights into Berlin
31GERMANYIt was a story about the struggle over Germany directly after WWII.Germany was divided into four zones: American, British, French and Soviet.
32The most important city was divided. Berlin was similarly divided into four distinct areas but was situated some 100 miles within Soviet controlled eastern Germany.France, England, and America decided to combine their territory in Berlin called West Berlin.
33June 1948, Blockade BeginsSince the city was surrounded by Soviet controlled territory, Stalin denied the 3 other countries the use of the road and rail access.2.1 million residents in West Berlin only had enough food and supplies for 5 weeks.
34The Berlin AirliftThe only way to reach the people in West Berlin was to use airplanes.The American military provided humanitarian relief to Germans -- whom they had recently fought on the battlefield -- while the Soviets used starvation as a means to control a population.
35Commitment and credibility For 327 days, 2.3 million tons of supplies were brought to West BerlinPresident Truman succeeded in forcing Stalin to end the Berlin blockade by demonstrating that the United States had both the means and the will to continue the Berlin Airlift indefinitely.
36The effects of the Berlin Airlift The Berlin Airlift ended in May 1949.The blockade increased the fear of the Soviet.A military alliance called NATO was formed.Germany officially became two different countries.
37Berlin Airlift Re-telling Work in groups of 4Put cards in correct order of storyThen, try to retell the storyPass cards when you get stuckWhen everyone in your group can retell the entire story, YOU WIN!
38Do Now9. What did the Berlin Airlift, the Truman Doctrine, and the Marshall Plan all have in common? 10. Did the U.S. policy of containment apply only to Europe?
39Korea & China Directions: Read pages in your textbook and answer the following questions in complete sentences in your notebook.What factors led to the Communist takeover in China?How did Korea become a divided nation after World War II?How did the involvement of Communist China affect the Korean War?How did Truman and MacArthur differ over strategy in the Korean War?
41The Korean War: Different Perspectives Directions:Read the excerpts from “Textbook A” and “Textbook B”Answer the following questions in your notebook:According to each textbook, how did the Korean War start?Which of these textbooks do you find more trustworthy? Why? (use specific examples from each text to support your answer)Where else would you look in order to figure out how the Korean War started?Which textbook comes from North Korea? Which comes from South Korea? (use specific examples from each text to support your answer)Textbook ATextbook B
42The Korean War: Different Perspectives Textbook A History of the Revolution of our Great Leader Kim Il-sun: High School. (Pongyang, North Korea: Textbook Publishing Co., 1999). Textbook B Kim, Doojin. Korean History: Senior High. (Seoul, South Korea: Dae HanTextbook Co.), 2001.
43Exit Ticket How did US action in China lead to the Korean War? Write one potential quiz question for Ch. 26, Sections 1 &2
44Answer following questions in your notebook: Monday, 9/293. Read Section 3 (pg )Answer following questions in your notebook:3 “MAIN IDEA” questions: A (pg. 823), B (pg. 824), C (pg. 825)Section 3 Assessment #1 & 2 (pg. 827)
45Do Now: Put everything away! Red Dot Game: Pick a piece of paper – DON’T SHOW ANYONE! Put in pocket (must stay there entire game!!!)GOAL: BLANK paper: Create the largest group of people with ONLY blank paper – largest group WINS! RED DOT paper: get into a group with blank paper – YOU WIN!
46What are civil liberties? Definition: individual rights protected by law from unjust governmental or other interference.Civil liberties are guaranteed by the Bill of Rights and the 13th, 14th and 15th Amendments to the Constitution.Examples:13th Amendment: prohibits slavery and involuntary servitude14th Amendment: prohibits… - any law that would abridge the “privileges and immunities” of U.S. citizens - deprive any person “life, liberty or property…without due process of law”- Deny any person equal protection under the law15th Amendment: guarantees the right of all U.S. citizens to vote.
47Anti-Communist fear gripped the country Concept MapAnti-Communist fear gripped the country
48Answer these questions on your DO NOW PAGE of your notebook! 11. Why were Americans worried about the security of the United States during the Cold War?12. What 2 government organizations were formed to stop the spread of communism in the United States?
49Causes and Effects: McCarthyism Soviets successfully establish Communists regimes in Eastern Europe after WWII.Soviets develop the atomic bomb more quickly than expectedKorean War ends in stalemateRepublicans gain politically by accusing Truman and Democrats of being soft on communism
50Causes and Effects: McCarthyism Millions of Americans are forced to take loyalty oaths and undergo loyalty investigations.Activism by labor unions goes into decline.Many people are afraid to speak out on public issues.Anti-communism continues driving U.S. foreign policy.
51Causes and Effects: McCarthyism Soviets successfully establish Communists regimes in Eastern Europe after WWII.Soviets develop the atomic bomb more quickly than expectedKorean War ends in stalemateRepublicans gain politically by accusing Truman and Democrats of being soft on communismEffectsMillions of Americans are forced to take loyalty oaths and undergo loyalty investigations.Activism by labor unions goes into decline.Many people are afraid to speak out on public issues.Anti-communism continues driving U.S. foreign policy.The Americans, p. 827
52Herblock, Washington Post, October 31, 1947, Library of Congress
53"Say, what ever happened to 'freedom-from-fear'. "August 13, 1951 "Say, what ever happened to 'freedom-from-fear'?"August 13, Published in the Washington Post
54Going against McCarthy "I speak as a Republican. I speak as a woman. I speak as a United States senator. I speak as an American...I am not proud of the way in which the Senate has been made a publicity platform for irresponsible sensationalism. I am not proud of the reckless abandon in which unproved charges have been hurled from this side of the aisle.”Senator Margaret Chase Smith
55Do Now:13. In your own words, define McCarthyism. 14. Who gained politically from McCarthyism? Why did they benefit?
56Section 2 Quiz *Chance to earn 3 points on your Section 2 Quiz* Describe the foreign policy of the United States during the Cold War.Include specific examples and the overall goal of the U.S.
57Two Nations Live on the Edge Fear/horror because Soviet Union’s development of the atomic bomb took away the U.S. advantage – developed the Hydrogen bomb in response (“Arms Race”)Used cover CIA action to topple the Iranian government in order to establish a government more favorable to Western interestsUsed cover CIA action to topple the Guatemalan government in order to establish a government more favorable to Western interestsEisenhower Doctrine created to prevent attacks from Communist countries; asked the U.N. to order a cease-fire and the withdrawal of troopsProtested the invasion, but policy of containment did not support driving Soviets from satellite nations. U.S. did little to help.Poured money into space program and education; felt vulnerable to nuclear attack and inferior to Soviet Union science and technology (“Space Race”)At first lied about the purpose of the flight; then publicly admitted guilt to salvage an impending summit conference on the arms race
58Exit TicketTO BE TURNED IN: - Create a list of topics to consider for the Unit 1 Test next week. This should include main ideas covered this unit (events, people, conflicts, etc.) - Put an asterisk next to items on your list that need clarification before the test.
59Do Now:15. True or False: America tested new nuclear weapons during the 1950s and 1960s. 16. Why were people terrified of the Soviet Union having nuclear weapons? How did people prepare for possible attacks?