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World ABC Review  In your groups of four please brainstorm people, terms, events that we have talked about prior to Industrialization. A B C D.

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Presentation on theme: "World ABC Review  In your groups of four please brainstorm people, terms, events that we have talked about prior to Industrialization. A B C D."— Presentation transcript:

1 World ABC Review  In your groups of four please brainstorm people, terms, events that we have talked about prior to Industrialization. A B C D

2 AGE OF INDUSTRY CH. 12 AND 13.1 PAGES Standard: Strand 2: World History; Concept 6: Age of Revolution; PO 6: Analyze the social, political, and economic development and impact of the Industrial Revolution: a. origins in England’s textile and mining industries. b. urban growth and the social impact of industrialization c. unequal spread of industrialization to other countries d. political and economic theories (nationalism, anarchism, capitalism, socialism)

3 Please open your textbook to page 374  As a class we will read the Storyteller… We will brainstorm the historical significance questions. We will brainstorm the historical significance questions.

4 Terms, people, and events to know for Industrial Revolution: Ch. 12 Illustrated Vocabulary: 1. Domestic system 2. Enclosure movement 3. Capital 4. Entrepreneur 5. Factory system 6. Industrial capitalism 7. Interchangeable parts 8. Division of labor 9. Partnership 10. Corporation 11. Depression 12. Labor union-tactics 13. Collective bargaining 1. Eli Whitney 2. James Watt 3. Robert Fulton 4. Frederick Taylor 5. Henry Ford 6. Samuel Morse 7. Alexander Graham Bell 8. Thomas Edison 9. Rudolf Diesel 10. Wilbur and Orville Wright

5 Industrial Revolution  The Industrial Revolution occurred in several stages, each of which was dependent upon the previous stage. Agricultural Revolution Agricultural Revolution Cottage Industry Cottage Industry Factory System Factory System Steam Engine Steam Engine

6 Traditional or Pre-Industrial Society  Farming in the Middle Ages Villages feed themselves Villages feed themselves One of three fields left fallow (empty) to regain fertility One of three fields left fallow (empty) to regain fertility Animals grazed in common pastures. Animals grazed in common pastures. Farmers did not experiment with new farming methods. Farmers did not experiment with new farming methods.  Disadvantages Land use was inefficient Land use was inefficient Farmers didn’t experiment with new farming methods. Farmers didn’t experiment with new farming methods.  Forces for Change Population growing – more food needed. Population growing – more food needed. French blockade –no corn– more food needed. French blockade –no corn– more food needed.

7 The Agricultural Revolution  Enclosure Movement -pg. 379 Wealthy landlords fenced in common pastures and experimented with new farming technology. Wealthy landlords fenced in common pastures and experimented with new farming technology. Villages lost common lands and political power, peasants became poorer. Villages lost common lands and political power, peasants became poorer.  Crop Rotation -pg. 379 Fields depleted of nutrients by one crop, replenished by planting different crops Fields depleted of nutrients by one crop, replenished by planting different crops Fields not left fallow Fields not left fallow  Other Discoveries Seed drill -Planted seeds more efficiently Seed drill -Planted seeds more efficiently New crops —corn and potatoes New crops —corn and potatoes  Results of Agricultural Revolution More food More food Population increased Population increased

8 Create a visual of the previous notes agricultural revolution

9 Cottage Industry = Early Capitalism  Mercantilism--- Economic theory of the 1600s Economic theory of the 1600s Stated a nation should maintain and increase its wealth by exporting more goods than it was importing Stated a nation should maintain and increase its wealth by exporting more goods than it was importing Placed limits of purchasing goods Placed limits of purchasing goods  Cottage Industry Merchants supplied materials—wool and cotton to cottages to be carded and spun. Merchants supplied materials—wool and cotton to cottages to be carded and spun. Multiple cottages provided services to produce cloth; supplies went from spinning cottage to weaving cottage to dying cottage to sell finished cloth. Multiple cottages provided services to produce cloth; supplies went from spinning cottage to weaving cottage to dying cottage to sell finished cloth. Merchants sell product for more than material and labor costs= profit + larger investment = higher profit Merchants sell product for more than material and labor costs= profit + larger investment = higher profit  Capitalism-money to invest in labor, machines, and raw materials An economic system based on private ownership, free competition, and profit An economic system based on private ownership, free competition, and profit Cottage industry is an example of early capitalism Cottage industry is an example of early capitalism  Effects of Cottage Industry Big profits for new class of merchants Big profits for new class of merchants Alternative source of income for peasants Alternative source of income for peasants  YouTube - Conan O'Brien, American Express - "Curtain“ YouTube - Conan O'Brien, American Express - "Curtain“ YouTube - Conan O'Brien, American Express - "Curtain“

10 Cottage Industry

11 Create a visual of the previous notes Create a visual of the previous notes  Cottage Industry

12 TEXTILE INDUSTRY AND FACTORY SYSTEM  Textile Industry invented Cottage industry could not keep up with new demand Cottage industry could not keep up with new demand Spinning jenny, water frame, spinning mule—all improved spinning Spinning jenny, water frame, spinning mule—all improved spinning Power loom sped up weaving Power loom sped up weaving Cotton gin separated seeds from cotton—Eli Whitney Cotton gin separated seeds from cotton—Eli Whitney  Rise of the Factory System Brought workers and machines together under the control of managers. Brought workers and machines together under the control of managers. Factories located near power source: coal, iron, water….. Factories located near power source: coal, iron, water….. Waterways powered the machines and transported items.Waterways powered the machines and transported items. Led to the invention of the more efficient steam engine —help set industrial revolution into full motion. Led to the invention of the more efficient steam engine —help set industrial revolution into full motion.  Industrial developments Factory machinery increased demand for iron and steel. Factory machinery increased demand for iron and steel. Private companies began building and paving roads; led to drainage systems. Private companies began building and paving roads; led to drainage systems. First modern canal built in First modern canal built in First practical Steam boat invented in 1807 First practical Steam boat invented in 1807  Effects of Textile Factories in Britain Prices of mass-produced textiles were much lower than hand- produced items Prices of mass-produced textiles were much lower than hand- produced items Britain’s textile industry increased enormously Britain’s textile industry increased enormously Majority of villagers forced to leave to find work in urban factories. Majority of villagers forced to leave to find work in urban factories.

13 Textile and Factory

14  Create a visual of the previous notes  Create a visual of the previous notes Textile industry Textile industry Factory system Factory system

15 Steam Engine: Energy for the Industrial Revolution  The need for Energy Early factories relied on horses, oxen, and water mills Early factories relied on horses, oxen, and water mills Steam engine evolved in response to the increasing need for power Steam engine evolved in response to the increasing need for power  How the Steam Engine Works Steam forced from high to low pressure produces power. Steam forced from high to low pressure produces power.  Effect of Steam Engine Steam power, used where ever coal existed, increased textile production Steam power, used where ever coal existed, increased textile production Improved mining which increased metals which in turn fueled other industries. Improved mining which increased metals which in turn fueled other industries.

16 Steam Engine Invented by James Watt in the 1760s

17  Create a visual of the previous notes  Create a visual of the previous notes Energy for the Industrial Revolution Energy for the Industrial Revolution

18 Iron and Coal: Energy for the IR  The need for Iron Farming tools, new factory machinery, railways Farming tools, new factory machinery, railways Smelting makes iron more pure, but requires carbon Smelting makes iron more pure, but requires carbon  The need for coal Carbon necessary for smelting iron Carbon necessary for smelting iron Steam engines powered by coal Steam engines powered by coal  Effect of Iron and Coal Britain produced more iron than all other countries of the world combined Britain produced more iron than all other countries of the world combined Coal powered Britain’s enormous navy. Coal powered Britain’s enormous navy.

19 Transportation  The need for better Transportation Increased production increased need to transport goods quickly and cheaply Increased production increased need to transport goods quickly and cheaply Pre-industrial society used horses, mules, and dirt roads Pre-industrial society used horses, mules, and dirt roads  Inventions Stone and eventually asphalt roads Stone and eventually asphalt roads Canals Canals Railroad era ushered in with the Rocket in 1829 Railroad era ushered in with the Rocket in 1829  Effects of RR Expanded rapidly throughout Britain Expanded rapidly throughout Britain Cheaper transportation increased production and profits Cheaper transportation increased production and profits Railways fueled other industries: coal, steam engines, iron, steel, and many manufactured products. Railways fueled other industries: coal, steam engines, iron, steel, and many manufactured products.

20 Steam Engine Please open your book to page 395 and look at the map showing the Industrial Revolution: England

21  Create a visual of the previous notes  Create a visual of the previous notes

22 Why Britain led the Industrial Revolution  Geography Climate good for textile production. Climate good for textile production. Plenty of natural resources such as iron and coal. Plenty of natural resources such as iron and coal. Separation from the European continent kept them out of wars. Separation from the European continent kept them out of wars.  Government internal trade encouraged internal trade encouraged Population allowed to relocate Population allowed to relocate Helped build canals and road Helped build canals and road  Social Factors British society less rigid than other European countries British society less rigid than other European countries  Colonial Empire Supplied raw material for manufactured goods Supplied raw material for manufactured goods Provided market for goods Provided market for goods  Advantages of Industrializing First No other countries competing for manufactured goods No other countries competing for manufactured goods Monopoly on technology Monopoly on technology

23

24 Closure:  Think about writing an editorial on why the Industrial Revolution was able to start in Great Britain…..another day.  Think about writing an editorial on why the Industrial Revolution was able to start in Great Britain…..another day.

25 People of IR  Eli Whitney  James Watt  Robert Fulton  Frederick Taylor  Henry Ford  Samuel Morse  Alexander Graham Bell  Thomas Edison  Rudolf Diesel  Wilbur and Orville Wright


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