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The Rise of Industrialism. Harvest, Pieter Brueghel.

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Presentation on theme: "The Rise of Industrialism. Harvest, Pieter Brueghel."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Rise of Industrialism

2 Harvest, Pieter Brueghel

3 Traditional or Pre-Industrial Society Farming in the Middle Ages –Villages feed themselves (AKA: Subsistence Farming) –One of 3 fields left fallow (empty) –Animals grazed in common pastures Disadvantages –Land use inefficient –Farmers did not experiment with new farming methods Forces of Change –Population growth –French Blockade=no corn=more food needed

4 How to do a Flow Chart 1.Take the information learned in the last slide and your notes 2.Create a visual to help you remember the information 3.Draw an arrow to the next box of flowchart Example of Flow Chart: Fallow Crops+ Livestock = Forces for Change +

5 The Agricultural Revolution

6 Agricultural Revolution Enclosure Movement –Wealthy landlords fenced in common pastures & experimented with new farming technology –Villages lost all common lands, & political power, Villages became poorer Crop Rotation –Fields depleted of nutrients by one crop replenished by planting different crops –Fields not left inefficiently fallow Other Discoveries –Seed Drill planted seeds more efficiently –New crops: Corn, turnips & potatoes Results –More Food Available –Population Increased

7 Flow Chart Time! 1.Take the information learned in the last slide and your notes 2.Create a visual to help you remember the information 3.Draw an arrow to the next box of flowchart Seed Drill Crop rotation What Else? YOU FILL IN THE REST !

8 Cottage Industry

9 Cottage Industry and Early Capitalism Merchant’s Role in Cottage Industry –Supplied materials wool & cotton to cottages to be carded and spun –Took supplies form spinning cottage to weaving cottage to dyeing cottages and then sold finished cloth –Merchants sell product for more than material & labor costs = PROFIT –Profit + Larger Investment =higher profit Capitalism –An Economic system based on private ownership, Free enterprise, & profit –Cottage industry is an example of early capitalism Effects of cottage Industry –Big Profits for New class of merchants –Alternative source of Income for peasants

10 Flow Chart Time! 1.Take the information learned in the last slide and your notes 2.Create a visual to help you remember the information 3.Draw an arrow to the next box of flowchart What’s Missing? Try it on your Own

11 Textile Industry and Factory System

12 Textile Industry invented –Cottage industry could not keep up with demand for cloth –Spinning Jenny, water frame, and spinning mule, improved spinning –Power Loom sped up weaving –Cotton Gin separated seeds from cotton Rise of the Factory –New Machines, often to big for homes, were put into factories –Factories were located near power sources: coal, water & steam Effects of Textile factories in Britain –Prices of Mass produced textiles were much lower than hand-produced items –Britain’s textile industry increased enormously –Majority of villagers forced to leave to find work in Factories

13 Flow Chart! 1.Take the information learned in the last slide and your notes 2.Create a visual to help you remember the information 3.Draw an arrow to the next box of flowchart NEW INVENTIONS TRY THIS ONE ON YOUR OWN You can do it!

14 Transportation The need for better Transportation –Increased production increased the need to transport goods, quickly & cheaply –Pre-Industrial society used horses, mules, & dirt roads Inventions –Stone & eventually asphalt roads –Canals –Railroad Era ushered in with the Rocket in 1829 Effects of the Railroad –Expanded rapidly throughout Britain –Cheaper transportation increased production and profits –Railways fueled other industires: Coal, steam engines, iron, steel, and many manufactured products

15 Flow Chart! 1.Take the information learned in the last slide and your notes 2.Create a visual to help you remember the information 3.Draw an arrow to the next box of flowchart This one your on your own! Ask if you need help.

16 The Steam Engine

17 The Steam Engine: Energy for the Industrial Revolution The Need for Energy –Early factories relied on horse, oxen and water mills –Steam Engine evolved in response to increasing need for power How the Steam Engine Works –Steam forced from high to low pressure produces power Effect of steam Engine –Steam power, used wherever coal existed, increased textile production –Improved mining which increased metals which in turn fueled other industries

18 Flow Chart 1.Take the information learned in the last slide and your notes 2.Create a visual to help you remember the information 3.Draw an arrow to the next box of flowchart This one your on your own! Ask if you need help.

19 Iron and Coal: Energy for the Industrial Revolution

20 Iron & Coal: Energy for the Industrial Revolution The need for Iron –Farming tools, new factory machinery, & railways –Smelting makes iron more pure but requires carbon The need for Coal –Carbon necessary for smelting iron –Steam engines powered by coal Effect of Iron and Coal –Britain produced more iron than all other countries of the world combined –Coal powered Britain’s enormous Navy

21 Flow Chart! 1.Take the information learned in the last slide and your notes 2.Create a visual to help you remember the information 3.Draw an arrow to the next box of flowchart This one your on your own! Ask if you need help.

22 Why Britain Led the Industrial Revolution?

23 Geography –Climate good for textile production –Plenty of natural resources such as Iron and Coal –Separation from the European Continent kept them out of wars Government –Internal trade encouraged –Population allowed to relocate –Helped builded canals & roads (Public Works) Social Factors –British society less rigid than the rest of Europe Colonial Empire –Supplied raw materials for manufactured goods –Provied markets for goods Advantages Of Industrializing 1 st –No other countries competing for manufactured goods –Monopoly on Technology

24 THE END


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