Presentation on theme: "Industrial Revolution Lecture. I.Traditional or Pre-Industrial Society A. Farming in the Middle Ages 1. Villages feed themselves – SUBSISTENCE FARMING."— Presentation transcript:
I.Traditional or Pre-Industrial Society A. Farming in the Middle Ages 1. Villages feed themselves – SUBSISTENCE FARMING 2. One of three fields left empty= FALLOW 3. Animals grazed inCOMMON PASTURES B. Disadvantages 1. Land Use inefficient– 2/3 IN USE… DISTANCE BETWEEN EACH FARMER’S STRIPS OF LAND 2. Farmers didn’t EXPERIMENT WITH THEIR OWN LAND
1.MORE FOOD III.Agricultural Revolution A. Enclosure – B. C.Inventions – D.Results Crop Rotation – FENCING OFF LAND SWITCH CROPS TO REPLACE NUTRIENTS FERTILIZER, SEED DRILL 2.MORE PEOPLE 3.URBANIZATION
IV.Cottage Industry and Early Capitalism A.Merchants’ role 1.Supplied Material – B.Capitalism 1.Economic System based on: 2.Example is: C.Effects of Cottage Industry 1.Big Profits for 2.2. Alternative source of income for WOOL/COTTON 2.Transported supplies 3.Merchants sell product for more than costs = PROFIT Use profit to investIN MATERIALS, TRANSPORTATION private prop., competition, profit COTTAGE INDUSTRY MERCHANTS = “MIDDLE CLASS” PEASANTS
V.Textile Industry and Factory System A. Textile Industry Invented 1.Cottage industry couldn’t keep up with 2.Spinning Inventions – 3.Weaving invention: B. Rise of Factory 1. New machines were 2. Factories located near C. Effects of Textile Factories in Britain 1.Prices 2. Majority of villagers forced POPULATION JENNY, WATER WHEEL, MULE POWER LOOM 4. COTTON JIN TOO BIG FOR HOMES RIVERS (POWER SOURCES) DROPPED MOVE TO CITIES
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