Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Industrial Revolution Slide Notes In this slide we see the painting Harvest Scene depicting pre- industrial village life. Men, women and children worked.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Industrial Revolution Slide Notes In this slide we see the painting Harvest Scene depicting pre- industrial village life. Men, women and children worked."— Presentation transcript:

1

2 Industrial Revolution Slide Notes

3 In this slide we see the painting Harvest Scene depicting pre- industrial village life. Men, women and children worked together in the fields around the village parish and take their food and drink out in the fields during the workday. Pre-Industrial Society

4 Villages feed themselves (subsistence farming) 1 of 3 fields left empty to regain fertility Land use was inefficient Farmers didn’t experience with new farming methods. Population was growing-more food was needed.

5 In this slide we see a manor surrounded by fields showing the rotation of four crops: barley, clover, turnips and wheat. Before crop rotation was discovered, two of the four fields were left fallow to regain fertility, a very inefficient use of land. Agricultural Revolution

6 Enclosure Movement (fencing off of public lands) Crop Rotation Introduction of the Seed Drill. New Crops: Corn and Potato

7 Results of the Agricultural Revolution Food Production Increased Population Increased

8 In this slide we see a painting of a cottage industry scene from Ireland in The women here are spinning, reeling with a clock-reel, and boiling yarn to prepare it to be woven into cloth. The Cottage Industry and Early Capitalism

9 The Cottage Industry Families take raw materials and manufacture goods at home. Cottage Industry is an example of early Capitalism. Capitalism is an economic system based on private ownership, free competition and profit.

10 Capitalism vs Communism Private Ownership Competition Incentives for the workers Best product at the lowest price Public Ownership No Competition No Incentive for workers Equality

11 Capitalism (USA)-Communism (China) Capitalism (USA)-Communism (China)

12 In this slide we see workers at the mule-spinning machines making cotton cloth in an English textile mill in The woman to the right is re-tying a broken thread, while the child inside the machine is cleaning up bits of cotton that have fallen through. The Textile Industry and Factory System

13 Rise of the Factory Cottage industry could not keep up with the demand. New inventions: Spinning Jenny, Water Frame, Power Loom and Cotton Gin. New machines were too large for homes. Factories located near power sources: coal, iron and water.

14 The Factory System Workers and Machines together in one place to produce a product.

15 Effects of Textile Production Prices of mass-produced textiles were lower than hand-produced items. Britain’s textile industry increased. Majority of villagers were forced to leave to find work in urban factories.

16 In this slide we see a painting done around 1820 of one of James Watt's steam pumping engines at the pit head of an English coal mine in the 1790's. The steam engine pumped water out of the mines, reducing the danger of underground flooding. The Steam Engine: Energy for the Industrial Revolution

17 The Steam Engine Early factories relied on horsed, oxen and water mills. The steam engine evolved in response to the increasing need for power. Steam power, used where ever coal existed, increased textile production.

18 James Watt & his Steam Engine

19 Need for Iron and Coal Farming tools New Machines Railways Farming tools New Machines Railways Carbon necessary for smelting iron Steam engines powered by coal Carbon necessary for smelting iron Steam engines powered by coal

20 In this slide we see a painting of men pouring steel bars at an iron works factory in at Copenhagen, Denmark in Iron and Coal: Energy for the Industrial Revolution

21 Effects of Iron and Coal Britain produced more iron than all other countries in the world combined. Coal powered Britain’s enormous navy. Britain produced more iron than all other countries in the world combined. Coal powered Britain’s enormous navy.

22 In this slide we George Stephenson's Rocket winning the Manchester-Liverpool race in Britain in The first steam locomotive in England, the Rocket traveled at 29 miles per hour. Transportation

23 Increase in production led to a need to transport goods quickly and cheaply. Improvement in roads (stone and asphalt) and canals improved transportation. The Rocket (1829) improved the transportation of goods and people. Increase in production led to a need to transport goods quickly and cheaply. Improvement in roads (stone and asphalt) and canals improved transportation. The Rocket (1829) improved the transportation of goods and people.

24 Advances In Transportation

25 Why Britain……...

26 ….Led the Way! Natural resources: Coal and Iron. Government encouraged trade. Colonial empire supplied raw materials and provided markets for goods. No competition with other countries. Merchants had $ to invest. Natural resources: Coal and Iron. Government encouraged trade. Colonial empire supplied raw materials and provided markets for goods. No competition with other countries. Merchants had $ to invest.


Download ppt "Industrial Revolution Slide Notes In this slide we see the painting Harvest Scene depicting pre- industrial village life. Men, women and children worked."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google