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The Beginnings of Industrialization

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Presentation on theme: "The Beginnings of Industrialization"— Presentation transcript:

1 The Beginnings of Industrialization
Chapter 25 Section 1

2 Key Terms Industrial Revolution Enclosure Factors of production
Crop Rotation Industrialization Factory Entrepreneur

3 A Revolution in Great Britain
Humans and animals were main energy source People began to develop water and steam power Industrial Revolution-the era when the use of power driven machines was developed

4 Factors for Success Exploration and colonization-provided raw materials such as cotton and fiber Colonies became new markets Sea power brings in raw material and send out manufactured goods because of strong navy

5 Factors of Success Political stability-1700’s at home the country was a peace, commerce thrived Government support-Parliament passed laws that favored business Growth of private investment-private funding for research and development

6 Agricultural Factors Most of research took place on farms
Jethro Tull-1701 invented the seed drill made planting grain more efficient Potatoes were developed Crop rotation-plant different crops each year Better than three field system

7 Agricultural Factors Livestock breeding improves
Robert Blackwell only allowed his best sheep to breed Average sheep’s weight increases from 18 to 50lbs Food supply and living conditions improve Increased demand for goods

8 Agricultural Factors Increased food supply Population grew
Wealthy landowners combined fields to create large farms Enclosure development-the fencing in of large farms Threw countless farmers of their fields Moved to the city for jobs

9 Britain’s Big Advantage
Factors of productions-land, labor and capitol Land- means all of place’s natural resources Coal to burn as fuel Iron to make steel Water was the most important Streams and rivers turned waterwheels and generated power

10 Britain’s Big Advantage
Waterways provided transportation between mines, factories and markets Mid 1700’s had 1000 miles of canals Grew to 4,000 by 1800 Deep water ports for long distance shipping

11 Britain’s Big Advantage
Labor- had a growing population Thousands lost their farmland Entire families would go to work in an industry Capitol-funds investment for business People with money to spend People with skills inventors

12 A Revolution in Textiles
Began with textile industry Cottage industry- a craft occupation performed at home Industrialization-the process of changing to power driven machinery

13 A New Way to Make Cloth Most fabric made of wool or cotton
Wool increased because of enclosure movement Shipments of cotton came from the colonies Slave labor made cotton farming more profitable Great Britain bought more American cotton

14 A New Way of Making Cloth
Pulling seed from cotton by hand was time consuming Eli Whitney invented the cotton gin (machine) Fiber was then spun into yarn James Hargreaves invented the spinning jenny

15 A New Way of Making Cloth
James Arkwright- made a machine that spun stronger, thinner thread Thread woven into fabric Use to be done a t home Power Loom-larger faster weaving system

16 Cloth-making in Factories
New weavers too big for the home Factory- a building that houses industrial machines Needed supplies of power Arkwright built the water frame spinning system Went from 50,000 bolts of cloth to 400,000 in thirty years

17 Steam Powers the Revolution
1712 first steam engine of James Watts machines Put to use in textile industry Factories did not have to be built near water Located where there was fuel and workers Entrepreneur-a person who organizes, manages and takes on the risk of a business

18 Steam Powers the Revolution
Steam used for transportation Richard Trevithick- used steam power for a locomotive Robert Fulton used it for a steamship 1807 Clermont operated on the Hudson River Steamships replace sailing ships

19 The Liverpool-Manchester Railroad
Connect port of Liverpool to city of Manchester Track laid in 1829 Stephenson’s locomotive engine called the Rocket Hauled 13 tons at 24 mph Opened in 1830 Railroad created thousands of jobs

20 Coal for British Steam Engines
Steam engines require a lot of fuel Wood was scarce Had a large supply of coal Coal mining grew as steam power grew 1800 Great Britain produced 80% of Europe's coal

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