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Slide 4-1 UNIT 4: RESCUE, VENTILATION, SUPPORT, AND OVERHAUL.

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Presentation on theme: "Slide 4-1 UNIT 4: RESCUE, VENTILATION, SUPPORT, AND OVERHAUL."— Presentation transcript:

1 Slide 4-1 UNIT 4: RESCUE, VENTILATION, SUPPORT, AND OVERHAUL

2 Slide 4-2OBJECTIVES Select appropriate ventilation tactics based on identified ventilation principles and tactical considerations.Select appropriate ventilation tactics based on identified ventilation principles and tactical considerations. Using the command sequence cycle, develop a ventilation action plan based on the incident presented.Using the command sequence cycle, develop a ventilation action plan based on the incident presented. Select appropriate rescue tactics based on identified rescue principles and tactical considerations.Select appropriate rescue tactics based on identified rescue principles and tactical considerations. The students will:

3 Slide 4-3 OBJECTIVES (cont'd) Using the command sequence cycle, develop a rescue action plan based on the incident presented.Using the command sequence cycle, develop a rescue action plan based on the incident presented. Understand the incident support activities that are necessary to promote safe fireground operations before, during, and after a fire.Understand the incident support activities that are necessary to promote safe fireground operations before, during, and after a fire. Understand the necessary safe practices that need to be implemented during overhaul operations.Understand the necessary safe practices that need to be implemented during overhaul operations.

4 Slide 4-4 RESCUE

5 Slide 4-5 RESCUE Rescue is a systematic process used to locate, protect, and remove occupants and fire victims safely from a structure and convey them to a place of safety.

6 Slide 4-6 RESCUE TACTICS Conduct primary searchConduct primary search Conduct secondary searchConduct secondary search Provide for rescued occupantsProvide for rescued occupants

7 Slide 4-7 CONDUCT PRIMARY SEARCH Rapid search of all areas involved in or exposed to fire, if they can be entered, to verify removal and/or safety of occupants.Rapid search of all areas involved in or exposed to fire, if they can be entered, to verify removal and/or safety of occupants. Key elements.Key elements. Removal of victims.Removal of victims. Transmit "ALL CLEAR."Transmit "ALL CLEAR."

8 Slide 4-8 CONDUCT SECONDARY SEARCH Extremely thorough search of interior fire area after initial fire control, ventilation, and interior lighting are completed, to ensure that there is no possibility of victims remaining undiscovered.Extremely thorough search of interior fire area after initial fire control, ventilation, and interior lighting are completed, to ensure that there is no possibility of victims remaining undiscovered. Key elements.Key elements.

9 Slide 4-9 PROVIDE FOR RESCUED OCCUPANTS Victim removal pathsVictim removal paths Move victims to triage areaMove victims to triage area Treat victimsTreat victims Transport victimsTransport victims Provide for uninjured, displaced personsProvide for uninjured, displaced persons

10 Slide 4-10 TACTICAL SIZEUP FOR RESCUE Sizeup factorsSizeup factors – Stage of fire development – Number, location, and condition of victims; effect of fire on victims – Capability of onscene companies Sizeup questionsSizeup questions

11 Slide 4-11 SUPPORT FOR RESCUE OPERATIONS TimingTiming Protective linesProtective lines EntryEntry VentilationVentilation LadderingLaddering Confinement/ExtinguishmentConfinement/Extinguishment

12 Slide 4-12

13 Slide 4-13 RESCUE COORDINATION ISSUES Teamwork, organization, and good communication.Teamwork, organization, and good communication. Rapid ventilation.Rapid ventilation. Keep fire away from people and protect escape routes with hoselines.Keep fire away from people and protect escape routes with hoselines. Laddering to ventilate and advance protective hoselines.Laddering to ventilate and advance protective hoselines.

14 Slide 4-14

15 Slide 4-15 RESCUE Command Sequence # 4

16 Slide 4-16 REVIEW SIZEUP REPORT OF FIREGROUND CONDITIONS

17 Slide 4-17 SIZEUP REPORT OF FIREGROUND CONDITIONS Initial reportInitial report To be given immediately upon arrival on location Exact location and conditions as observedExact location and conditions as observed – Nothing showing – Size of structure--stories and dimension-- type of construction--occupied or vacant – Smoke/Fire--location and density – Status of occupants--if known – Exposures--Sides A, B, C, D, or other – Engine __ is establishing ___ Street Command.

18 Slide 4-18 SIZEUP REPORT OF FIREGROUND CONDITIONS (cont'd) Subsequent reportSubsequent report Information not immediately reported and/or information developed upon investigation. To be given ASAP or within 5 minutes. Progress reportProgress report To be given by the Incident Commander (IC) every 10 minutes until fire is under control.

19 Slide 4-19 COMMAND SEQUENCE RESCUE ACTION PLAN Command Sequence # C St.

20 Slide 4-20 COMMAND SEQUENCE # 4 PLOT PLAN

21 Slide 4-21 Walk-around 450 C Street Command Sequence # 4 Three-story apartment building, 50'x 125'. Occupied. Side A N

22 Slide 4-22 Side B Side A Sides A and B Walk-around 450 C Street Command Sequence # 4

23 Slide 4-23 Side B Walk-around 450 C Street Command Sequence # 4

24 Slide 4-24 Side C Side B Sides B and C Walk-around 450 C Street Command Sequence # 4

25 Slide 4-25 Side C Side D Sides C and D Walk-around 450 C Street Command Sequence # 4

26 Slide 4-26 Side A Side D Sides A and D Walk-around 450 C Street Command Sequence # 4

27 Slide 4-27 COMMAND SEQUENCE # 4 1ST ALARM RESOURCES Engine 1Engine 1 Engine 2Engine 2 Engine 3Engine 3 Truck 1Truck 1 Squad 1Squad 1 Battalion Chief 1Battalion Chief 1 – All companies staffed with four firefighters – Battalion Chief 1: 30-minute response

28 Slide 4-28 Fire is located first floor storage room, center building. Report of people trapped on upper floors. Side A 450 C Street Command Sequence # 4 Storage Room Wednesday 6AM Wind 15 MPH Out of the West 73ºF N

29 Slide 4-29 Parking Side A 450 C Street Side B Side D Side C N

30 Slide 4-30 WHAT IS THE SITUATION (SIZEUP) On location at 450 C Street, three-story brick apartment building, 50' x 125', wood-frame construction, occupied.On location at 450 C Street, three-story brick apartment building, 50' x 125', wood-frame construction, occupied. Medium to heavy smoke showing all floors.Medium to heavy smoke showing all floors. Many occupants reported still in the building.Many occupants reported still in the building. Exposure Side B is a similar attached apartment building.Exposure Side B is a similar attached apartment building. No other immediate exposures.No other immediate exposures. Engine 1 is establishing C Street Command.Engine 1 is establishing C Street Command. Sizeup report example:

31 Slide 4-31 RESCUE ACTION PLAN

32 Slide 4-32 WHAT CAN BE ACCOMPLISHED? INCIDENT OBJECTIVES Safe removal of occupantsSafe removal of occupants Contain and control fire to room/building of originContain and control fire to room/building of origin

33 Slide 4-33 WHAT NEEDS TO BE DONE? INCIDENT STRATEGY(IES) RescueRescue Confinement/ExtinguishmentConfinement/Extinguishment VentilationVentilation Special equipmentSpecial equipment

34 Slide 4-34 HOW ARE YOU GOING TO DO IT? INCIDENT TACTICS RescueRescue – Deploy search and rescue groups to remove occupants – Deploy one 1-3/4-inch hoseline Side A first floor for stairwell protection Confinement/ExtinguishmentConfinement/Extinguishment – Deploy 1-3/4-inch hoseline to Side A first floor for fire confinement/extinguishment – Deploy one 1-3/4-inch hoseline to Side C first floor for fire confinement/extinguishment

35 Slide 4-35 VentilateVentilate – Ventilate stairwells to support occupant removal – Vent roof apertures – Horizontal ventilation all floors for fire confinement Special equipmentSpecial equipment Employ imaging camera to support search and rescue groups HOW ARE YOU GOING TO DO IT? INCIDENT TACTICS (cont'd)

36 Slide 4-36 IMPLEMENT THE RESCUE ACTION PLAN Communicate all assignments clearly to all resources operating on the incident.

37 Slide 4-37 EVALUATE THE RESCUE ACTION PLAN Evaluate progress every 10 minutes.Evaluate progress every 10 minutes. Obtain feedback reports from resources operating on the incident.Obtain feedback reports from resources operating on the incident.

38 Slide 4-38 Activity 4.1 Scenario M Street

39 Slide 4-39 Sides A and D Side D Walk-around 122 M Street Activity 4.1 Scenario 1 Side A 122 M Street

40 Slide 4-40 Side B Walk-around 122 M Street Activity 4.1 Scenario 1

41 Slide 4-41 Side C Walk-around 122 M Street Activity 4.1 Scenario 1

42 Slide 4-42 Exposure C-1 Side C Walk-around 122 M Street Activity 4.1 Scenario 1

43 Slide 4-43 Side D Exposure C-2 Walk-around 122 M Street Activity 4.1 Scenario 1

44 Slide 4-44 ACTIVITY 4.1 SCENARIO 1 1ST ALARM RESOURCES Engine 1Engine 1 Engine 2Engine 2 Engine 3Engine 3 Truck 1Truck 1 Squad 1Squad 1 Battalion Chief 1Battalion Chief 1 – All companies staffed with four firefighters – Battalion Chief 1: 30-minute response

45 Slide 4-45 Report of two occupants trapped third floor front bedroom Side C. 122 M Street Activity 4.1 Scenario 1 Side C

46 Slide 4-46 N Exposure C1 Exposure C2 Parking Side A Side B Side C Side D 122 M Street

47 Slide 4-47 LR BR 1 BR 2 Ba K 45' 25' Side A Third Floor Side B Side C Side D 122 M Street

48 Slide 4-48 Activity 4.1 Scenario Block of 25th Street

49 Slide 4-49 Side A 25th Street Walk-around 700 Block 25th Street Activity 4.1 Scenario 2

50 Slide 4-50 Side A Side B Sides A and B Side B Side A Walk-around 700 Block 25th Street Activity 4.1 Scenario 2

51 Slide 4-51 Sides B and C Side BSide C Walk-around 700 Block 25th Street Activity 4.1 Scenario 2

52 Slide 4-52 ACTIVITY 4.1 SCENARIO 2 1ST ALARM RESOURCES Engine 1Engine 1 Engine 2Engine 2 Engine 3Engine 3 Truck 1Truck 1 Squad 1Squad 1 Battalion Chief 1Battalion Chief 1 – All companies staffed with four firefighters – Battalion Chief 1: 30-minute response

53 Slide 4-53 Report of two occupants trapped 2nd floor front bedroom. Report of two children trapped 2nd floor rear bedroom. Report of an invalid 2nd floor front bedroom, B-1 exposure. No communications with occupants in exposure D-1. Side A th Street Activity 4.1 Scenario 2 25th Street Exp. B-1 Exp. D-1

54 Slide 4-54 First Floor 7 Row houses N LR KDR LR KDR 21' 45' LR KDR LR KDR LR KDR LR KDR LR KDR Side A th Street Side C

55 Slide 4-55 Second Floor 7 Row houses BR Br Ba BR Br Ba N BR Br Ba BR Br Ba BR Br Ba BR Br Ba BR Br Ba Side A th Street Side C

56 Slide 4-56 Activity 4.1 Scenario E Street

57 Slide 4-57 Side A 356 E Street Walk-around 356 E Street Activity 4.1 Scenario 3

58 Slide 4-58 Sides A and B Side B Side A Walk-around 356 E Street Activity 4.1 Scenario 3

59 Slide 4-59 Sides B and C Side C Side B Walk-around 356 E Street Activity 4.1 Scenario 3

60 Slide 4-60 Side D Sides C and D Side C Walk-around 356 E Street Activity 4.1 Scenario 3

61 Slide 4-61 ACTIVITY 4.1 SCENARIO 3 1ST ALARM RESOURCES Engine 1Engine 1 Engine 2Engine 2 Engine 3Engine 3 Truck 1Truck 1 Squad 1Squad 1 Battalion Chief 1Battalion Chief 1 – All companies staffed with four firefighters – Battalion Chief 1: 30-minute response

62 Slide 4-62 Side A Heavy fire second floor, side D. 14 occupants per floor. Report of many occupants unaccounted for. 356 E Street Activity 4.1 Scenario 3 Side D Sides A and D

63 Slide 4-63 Lobby Balcony Balcony Balcony Second Floor Third Floor First Floor N Side A Side B Side C Side D 356 E Street

64 Slide 4-64 VENTILATION

65 Slide 4-65 VENTILATION (cont'd) A planned, systematic procedure for reducing, redirecting, or removing heat, smoke, and fire gases from a structure and replacing them with clean, fresh air.

66 Slide 4-66 VENTILATION PRINCIPLES Ventilation for life safetyVentilation for life safety Ventilation for incident stabilizationVentilation for incident stabilization Ventilation for property conservationVentilation for property conservation Ventilation to support other tactical operationsVentilation to support other tactical operations

67 Slide 4-67

68 Slide 4-68 DETERMINE WHERE VENTILATION IS NEEDED Planned, systematic approachPlanned, systematic approach General location prioritiesGeneral location priorities

69 Slide 4-69

70 Slide 4-70 SELECT APPROPRIATE TACTICS(S) Horizontal ventilationHorizontal ventilation Vertical ventilationVertical ventilation A combinationA combination

71 Slide 4-71 VENTILATION METHODS Natural ventilationNatural ventilation Self-ventilationSelf-ventilation Forced (mechanical) ventilationForced (mechanical) ventilation

72 Slide 4-72 TYPES OF FORCED VENTILATION Fog streamsFog streams Building heating, ventilating, and air conditioning (HVAC) systemBuilding heating, ventilating, and air conditioning (HVAC) system Negative pressureNegative pressure Positive pressurePositive pressure

73 Slide 4-73

74 Slide 4-74 SUPPORT FOR VENTILATION Proper apparatus placementProper apparatus placement Proper hoseline placementProper hoseline placement EntryEntry Selection and placement of laddersSelection and placement of ladders LightingLighting Breathing airBreathing air

75 Slide 4-75 VENTILATION HAZARDS Opening below fire or at same levelOpening below fire or at same level Opening too soonOpening too soon Opening in wrong placeOpening in wrong place Opening into blind atticOpening into blind attic Insufficient openingInsufficient opening Delayed too longDelayed too long

76 Slide 4-76 Wrong Way Right Way

77 Slide 4-77

78 Slide 4-78

79 Slide 4-79 VENTILATION COORDINATION ISSUES With rescue.With rescue. With entry and fire attack.With entry and fire attack. Hoselines should not hinder ventilation.Hoselines should not hinder ventilation.

80 Slide 4-80 RESCUE AND VENTILATION Command Sequence # 5

81 Slide 4-81 REVIEW SIZEUP REPORT OF FIREGROUND CONDITIONS

82 Slide 4-82 SIZEUP REPORT OF FIREGROUND CONDITIONS Initial reportInitial report To be given immediately upon arrival on location Exact location and conditions as observedExact location and conditions as observed – Nothing showing – Size of structure--stories and dimensions-- type of construction--occupied or vacant – Smoke/Fire--location and density – Status of occupants--if known – Exposures--Sides A, B, C, D, or other – Engine __ is establishing ___ Street Command.

83 Slide 4-83 SIZEUP REPORT OF FIREGROUND CONDITIONS (cont'd) Subsequent reportSubsequent report Information not immediately reported and/or information developed upon investigation. To be given ASAP or within 5 minutes. Progress reportProgress report To be given by the IC every 10 minutes until fire is under control.

84 Slide 4-84 COMMAND SEQUENCE RESCUE VENTILATION ACTION PLAN Command Sequence # th Street

85 Slide 4-85 COMMAND SEQUENCE # 5 PLOT PLAN

86 Slide 4-86 Burns Nursing Home, one-story, 75' X 250', ordinary construction. Occupied. Walk-around th Street Command Sequence # 5 Side A th Street N

87 Slide 4-87 Walk-around th Street Command Sequence # 5 Side A Burns Nursing Home

88 Slide 4-88 Walk-around th Street Command Sequence # 5 Side A Burns Nursing Home

89 Slide 4-89 Walk-around th Street Command Sequence # 5 Side B Burns Nursing Home

90 Slide 4-90 Side B and C Walk-around th Street Command Sequence # 5 Side B Side C Burns Nursing Home


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