Presentation on theme: "7.1 The Industrial Revolution. Era of Good Feelings After the War of 1812, Americans were proud of themselves and their nation James Monroe (D-R) runs."— Presentation transcript:
7.1 The Industrial Revolution
Era of Good Feelings After the War of 1812, Americans were proud of themselves and their nation James Monroe (D-R) runs unopposed as 5th president. The Federalist party dies out. Latin American countries overthrow Spanish rule. Monroe establishes diplomatic relations with them Monroe issues the Monroe Doctrine
New Approaches To Manufacturing Eli Whitney 1801 Embargo Act of 1807 War of 1812 Blockade
New Approaches To Manufacturing Change from making products in homes and artisans’ shops to FACTORIES Factory system: using power-driven machinery and laborers assigned to different tasks (assembly line) Factory system allows for mass production. mass production – production of goods in large quantities These changes bring about an Industrial Revolution IR– social and economic reorganization that took place as machines replaced hand tools and large-scale factory production develope Eli Whitney
New Approaches To Manufacturing 18 TH century – inventors came up with ways to generate power swiftly moving streams coal next, inventors came up w/ power-driven machinery also, ways to use the machinery to mass-produce goods example, textiles first factories were built their success allowed expansion of factory system, money to research and build more labor-saving devices, and industrialization of the nation Great Britain Starts the Revolution
New Approaches To Manufacturing After Am. Rev., primary source of income was international trade, not manufacturing. Farms and plantations produced agricultural products that were shipped to GB, southern Europe,and the West Indies Examples: grain and tobacco Two events changed this economic plan: Embargo Act of 1807 War of 1812 We begin to think about development of domestic industries, as foreign trade is at a standstill Many shipping centers had actually closed down by the time the Embargo Act was repealed. As seaports recovered, the war of 1812 broke out British navy blockaded the coastline Americans had to invest Embargo of 1807 & War of 1812
Reasons for Industrial Development in the US Eli Whitney 1801 invented interchangeable parts which led to mass market of goods Embargo Act of 1807 We must start manufacturing of our own goods War of 1812 Blockade Develop industry at home
New Approaches To Manufacturing Factors within the US to Promote Industrial Revolution Plentiful Resources Cheap labor Inventors - entrepreneurs Sam Slater Francis Cabot Lowell
New Approaches To Manufacturing Factors within the US to Promote Industrial Revolution New England Has the Most Industry Farming not profitable, cheap labor, rapid river currents to use for power
Check Your Knowledge 1. What was the Industrial Revolution? 2. What two events prompted America to begin developing domestic industries? Explain. A social and economic reorganization that took place as machines replaced hand tools and large-scale factory production developed. Embargo Act of 1807—brought a standstill to the nation’s once-thriving foreign trade War of 1812—British blockades shut down nation’s overseas shipping network
Two Agricultural Systems NorthSouth Farming Methods in NW Territory Eli Whitney: Cotton Gin Farming Methods in NW Territory Farming Methods New England Effect on the South Grain, crops 2 crops per year livestock Farming Methods in NW Territory farmers grow short staple cotton Small move into shipping and industry 1. cotton is king 2. expand into Ohio
Two Agricultural Systems NorthSouth Neither Depended on: Slavery Becomes Entrenched Farming Methods in NW Territory By 1804 By 1820 slavery little other viable agriculture that made $ and which did not require slave labor - slavery is profitable most states in N (N of Deleware) abolish slavery dependence on slavery grows
The American System Farming Methods in NW Territory
The American System Farming Methods in NW Territory Created Because 1. to unify the nation 2. unite the economic interests 3. improve transportation network to facilitate the exchange of goods 4. help America become economically independent This will solve our problems!
The American System Farming Methods in NW Territory Protective Tariff Our industries were new and couldn’t compete with Grt. Britain 1. Britain had stockpiled goods they sold for a cheap price 2. We needed money for roads, canals, lighthouses We need these items!
The American System Farming Methods in NW Territory Reactions Forget sectionalism this is for the nation! Northern Reaction Southern Reaction We welcome tariffs! Northern Reaction We DO NOT want tariffs! They only make things more expensive for us!
The American System Farming Methods in NW Territory Reserrect the Bank You just know which party let the first bank die off! Resurrect the Bank Because: This would create a national currency making it easier to do business within the nation.
Test Your Knowledge Farming Methods in NW Territory What were the main components of the American System? How did the Tariff of 1816 highlight the nation’s growing sectionalism? Sponsoring the development of internal improvements, including transportation systems; establishing a protective tariff; resurrecting the national bank Many Northeastern manufacturers welcomed the tariff because it allowed them to sell more goods; people in the South and West opposed it because it meant a higher cost for European goods
Effects of the National Road Farming Methods in NW Territory Effects of the National RoadEffects of Erie Canal People could travel, communicate, and transport goods much easier Effects of the National Road Made NYC the dominant port of the nation. Cut transportation costs from NYC to the Grt Lakes from $100 to $5. Cut travel time from 20 days to 8 days.
Farming Methods in NW Territory Effects of the National Road