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Nationalism & Sectionalism. Regional Economies cause Divide  How did the Economic and social issues of America lead to sectionalism & Nationalism?

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Presentation on theme: "Nationalism & Sectionalism. Regional Economies cause Divide  How did the Economic and social issues of America lead to sectionalism & Nationalism?"— Presentation transcript:

1 Nationalism & Sectionalism

2 Regional Economies cause Divide  How did the Economic and social issues of America lead to sectionalism & Nationalism?

3 Industrial Revolution ( Blame it on the Gin, the Cotton Gin  Eli Whitney Occurs in Great Britain & shifts to America. The Industrial Revolution was a Soc. & Eco. Reorganization that took place as machines replaced hand tools & large scale factory production took place  Examples;  Ford=Cars  Dell=Computers  Samuel Slater’s Factory=thread  Fill in blanks-  Nokia=________  Sony=_________ Occurs in Great Britain & shifts to America. The Industrial Revolution was a Soc. & Eco. Reorganization that took place as machines replaced hand tools & large scale factory production took place  Examples;  Ford=Cars  Dell=Computers  Samuel Slater’s Factory=thread  Fill in blanks-  Nokia=________  Sony=_________

4 The Industrial North  New England Industrializes  Primary source of income after the war was international trade  Industrial Rev causes New England to shift to Production.  Lowell Mill- Young women flock to town to work in factories  Strict rules were put in place; long hrs  12-16hrs/day, curfew, social  New England Industrializes  Primary source of income after the war was international trade  Industrial Rev causes New England to shift to Production.  Lowell Mill- Young women flock to town to work in factories  Strict rules were put in place; long hrs  12-16hrs/day, curfew, social

5 How were factories powered?

6 Inside a power loom factory

7 Eli Whitney  Whitney’s invention of the cotton gin set south on a separate course.  Cotton easy to grow, but hard to clean  Invention of cotton gin-> can clean cotton faster->South needs more slaves to pick cotton.  Whitney’s invention of the cotton gin set south on a separate course.  Cotton easy to grow, but hard to clean  Invention of cotton gin-> can clean cotton faster->South needs more slaves to pick cotton.

8 Slavery on the Incline  During the American Rev. slave trade declined.  After the war of 1812 slave trade increased  The amount of slaves owned directly correlates with the amount of cotton produced.  During the American Rev. slave trade declined.  After the war of 1812 slave trade increased  The amount of slaves owned directly correlates with the amount of cotton produced.

9 Henry Clay’s American System  North & South developed different economies  Congress/Pres./Clay want to unify the US  North & South developed different economies  Congress/Pres./Clay want to unify the US

10 Goal’s of American System  Goal 1- Unite Regional Economies  Goal 2- Create Strong stable US economy  Goal 3- Make the US self- sufficient  Why is this important?  Goal 1- Unite Regional Economies  Goal 2- Create Strong stable US economy  Goal 3- Make the US self- sufficient  Why is this important?

11 3 Major Parts of the American System  I. Develop transportation systems & other internal improvements  II. Establish Protective Tariff  III. Resurrect the national bank- influence reduced under Jefferson.  I. Develop transportation systems & other internal improvements  II. Establish Protective Tariff  III. Resurrect the national bank- influence reduced under Jefferson.

12 How would it Unite the Country?  North produces manufactured goods that farmers from the S. & W. would buy.  The S. & W. would produce the grain, meat, & cotton needed in the N.  A nationally accepted currency & improved transportation network would facilitate the exchange of goods  America would no longer be economically dependent on Britain & other European Nations.  North produces manufactured goods that farmers from the S. & W. would buy.  The S. & W. would produce the grain, meat, & cotton needed in the N.  A nationally accepted currency & improved transportation network would facilitate the exchange of goods  America would no longer be economically dependent on Britain & other European Nations.

13 Improvements in Transportation  National Road  Construction  Links Midwest with the east coast  Erie Canal-”big ditch,” took 8 yrs. to dig.  Connects the great lakes to the Hudson River  Why is this important?  National Road  Construction  Links Midwest with the east coast  Erie Canal-”big ditch,” took 8 yrs. to dig.  Connects the great lakes to the Hudson River  Why is this important?

14 Tariff of 1816 & what caused it?  B/c British goods stockpiled during War of 1812-> price dropped->sold cheaper than American goods  Placing a tariff on imports would increase the cost of foreign goods->eliminates price advantage  B/c British goods stockpiled during War of 1812-> price dropped->sold cheaper than American goods  Placing a tariff on imports would increase the cost of foreign goods->eliminates price advantage

15 Tariff cont.  The revenue earned from tariff would be used for internal improvements  Roads, canals, etc.  Northerners loved the idea  b/c more pple would buy American goods  Southerners hated the idea  b/c it increase price of goods.  The revenue earned from tariff would be used for internal improvements  Roads, canals, etc.  Northerners loved the idea  b/c more pple would buy American goods  Southerners hated the idea  b/c it increase price of goods.

16 Group assignment  Create a poster including all of the following, but not limited to:  5 facts about topic  Must be colorful  At least 2 pictures.  Use more than 1 source  i.e., textbook, internet, teacher, etc  Create a poster including all of the following, but not limited to:  5 facts about topic  Must be colorful  At least 2 pictures.  Use more than 1 source  i.e., textbook, internet, teacher, etc

17 Assignment cont.  Topics:  Eli Whitney/cotton gin  Industrial Revolution  American system  Erie canal  National road  Tariff of 1816  Factory system  Lowell Mill  “Cotton is King”  Topics:  Eli Whitney/cotton gin  Industrial Revolution  American system  Erie canal  National road  Tariff of 1816  Factory system  Lowell Mill  “Cotton is King”


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