2 Regional Economies cause Divide How did the Economic and social issues of America lead to sectionalism & Nationalism?
3 Industrial Revolution (Blame it on the Gin, the Cotton Gin Eli Whitney Occurs in Great Britain & shifts to America.The Industrial Revolution was a Soc. & Eco. Reorganization that took place as machines replaced hand tools & large scale factory production took placeExamples;Ford=CarsDell=ComputersSamuel Slater’s Factory=threadFill in blanks-Nokia=________Sony=_________
4 The Industrial North New England Industrializes Primary source of income after the war was international tradeIndustrial Rev causes New England to shift to Production.Lowell Mill- Young women flock to town to work in factoriesStrict rules were put in place; long hrs 12-16hrs/day, curfew, social
7 Eli WhitneyWhitney’s invention of the cotton gin set south on a separate course.Cotton easy to grow, but hard to cleanInvention of cotton gin-> can clean cotton faster->South needs more slaves to pick cotton.
8 Slavery on the Incline During the American Rev. slave trade declined. After the war of 1812 slave trade increasedThe amount of slaves owned directly correlates with the amount of cotton produced.
9 Henry Clay’s American System North & South developed different economiesCongress/Pres./Clay want to unify the US
10 Goal’s of American System Goal 1- Unite Regional EconomiesGoal 2- Create Strong stable US economyGoal 3- Make the US self-sufficientWhy is this important?
11 3 Major Parts of the American System I. Develop transportation systems & other internal improvementsII. Establish Protective TariffIII. Resurrect the national bank- influence reduced under Jefferson.
12 How would it Unite the Country? North produces manufactured goods that farmers from the S. & W. would buy.The S. & W. would produce the grain, meat, & cotton needed in the N.A nationally accepted currency & improved transportation network would facilitate the exchange of goodsAmerica would no longer be economically dependent on Britain & other European Nations.
13 Improvements in Transportation National RoadConstructionLinks Midwest with the east coastErie Canal-”big ditch,” took 8 yrs. to dig.Connects the great lakes to the Hudson RiverWhy is this important?
14 Tariff of 1816 & what caused it? B/c British goods stockpiled during War of 1812-> price dropped->sold cheaper than American goodsPlacing a tariff on imports would increase the cost of foreign goods->eliminates price advantage
15 Tariff cont.The revenue earned from tariff would be used for internal improvementsRoads, canals, etc.Northerners loved the ideab/c more pple would buy American goodsSoutherners hated the ideab/c it increase price of goods.
16 Group assignmentCreate a poster including all of the following, but not limited to:5 facts about topicMust be colorfulAt least 2 pictures.Use more than 1 sourcei.e., textbook, internet, teacher, etc
17 Assignment cont. Topics: Eli Whitney/cotton gin Industrial Revolution American systemErie canalNational roadTariff of 1816Factory systemLowell Mill“Cotton is King”