過去時間 常見的過去時間： 1. ＿＿＿＿＿ 昨天 2. Yesterday + ㄧ天內的時間 e.g.____________________ 昨天早上 _____________________ 昨天下午 例外 : 昨天晚上 3.last + ㄧ天以上的時間 e.g. 上星期四 去年冬天 去年 4. _________ 之前 5. 時間 + ago e.g. 五分鐘前 一年前 time yesterday today yesterday yesterday morning yesterday afternoon last Thursday last winter last year five minutes ago one year ago last night Before
Be 動詞 過去式 英文句子裡除了用時間表示過去外，也會用動詞表示時間 I am 170 cm now. I was 150 cm before. She is thin now. She was heavy before. Her eyes are big now. Her eyes were small before. 現在式 過去式 am is are was were
Try it: 1.Jane ___________ sick yesterday. She didn’t go to school. 2. My parents ___________ in Japan last year. 3. The weather here ___________ fine last weekend. 4. Where ___________ you at 10 o’clock last night? 5. I like your new jacket. ___________ it expensive? 6. You ___________ 14 now, so you ___________ 13 last year. 7. A: Where ___________ the students? B: I don’t know. They ___________ in the classroom 10 minutes ago. was were was were Was arewere are were
Be 動詞過去式的 否定句 1.Jack and Jason ___________ in the movie theater last night. They ___________ at home. (were not = weren’t) 2. Sue lives in Taiwan. But she ___________in Paris last year. She ___________ in Taiwan last year. (was not = wasn’t) was + not were were not was was not
Be 動詞過去式的疑問句： 將 Be 動詞放到句首 Was your sister in her room last night? Yes, she was. No, she wasn’t. Were you busy at school yesterday? Yes, we were. No, we weren’t.
Try it: ( 請同學加入 was/were 造出疑問句 ) 1.a teacher/ Miss Lin 2. on the table/ your keys 3. late/ why/ you/this morning 4. the watch/ much/ how 5. rainy / it/ yesterday afternoon Was Miss Lin a teacher? Were your keys on the table? Why were you late this morning? How much was the watch? Was it rainy yesterday afternoon? 喘口氣吧！
過去進行式： 表示過去 某個時間發生的動作 What was he doing at 10:00 yesterday? He was playing baseball. was + Ving were What was your mother doing at 6:00 this morning? She was cooking breakfast.
Try it: （下表是 Saya 昨天的行程， 請依照下列的提示回答問題） 8:00 – 9:00 listen to music 9:00 – 9:50 study English 10:00 – 11:00 watch basketball games 11:00 – 12:00 wash her car 12:00 – 12:30 cook 12:30 – 1:00 eat lunch At 9:15, she was studying English. 1.At 10:30, 2.At 12:50, 3.What was Saya doing at 11:45? 4.What was Saya doing at 8:23? she was watching games. she was eating lunch. she was washing her car. she was listening to music.
ㄧ般 V 過去式 除了 Be Verb 之外，一般動詞也有過去式。分為兩種：規 則與不規則變化。 We cleaned the house yesterday. /d/ My friend, Lisa, moved to Tainan 5 years ago. /d/ Allen talked on the Internet with me one hour ago. /t/ We studied history yesterday afternoon / I d/ My dad stopped smoking last year. /t/
規則 1 learn _______________ start _______________ collect _______________ visit _______________ climb _______________ need _______________ stay _______________ live _______________ decide _______________ like ________________ 規則：直接加 ed ( 字尾若有 e 加 d 即可 ) learned stayed collected visited climbed needed startedlived decided liked
規則 2 jog _______________ stop _______________ shop _______________ 單音節短母音 + 單子音：重複字尾 + ed jogged stopped shopped
規則 3 Envy _______________ Hurry _______________ Study _______________ 注意： play _______________ enjoy _______________ 子音 + y ：去 y+ ied envied hurried studied enjoyed played
Try it: 1.The monkeys all _________(climb) the tree 10 minutes ago. 2.My uncle and aunt _________ (live) in the U. S. 30 years ago. 3.My cousins _________(play) soccer with me last Saturday. 4.Lily _________ (practice) playing the piano yesterday afternoon. 5.I _________ (visit) my grandparents last weekend. 6.Lucy _________ (enjoy) reading the book last night. climbed lived played practiced visited enjoyed