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康軒 Book 5 Lesson 4 1.already 2.yet 3.since 4.teenager 5.bridge 6.change 7.guard 8.perhaps 9.queen 10.king.

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Presentation on theme: "康軒 Book 5 Lesson 4 1.already 2.yet 3.since 4.teenager 5.bridge 6.change 7.guard 8.perhaps 9.queen 10.king."— Presentation transcript:

1 康軒 Book 5 Lesson 4 1.already 2.yet 3.since 4.teenager 5.bridge 6.change 7.guard 8.perhaps 9.queen 10.king

2 康軒 Book 5 Lesson 4 1.cross 2.case 3.headache 4.get lost 5.simply 6.nobody 7.regret

3 康軒 Book 5 Lesson 4 1. 現在完成式: have ( has ) + p.p. …  文法解析 A. 用來表示動作的持續、完成與否,及過去到現在 的經驗 B. 搭配時間副詞 a.for + 一段時間 / since + 過去時間 b.lately / recently / until now / so far …  例句說明 1.I have learned English for two years. = I have learned English since two years ago. = It has been two years since I learned English. = It is two years since I learned English.

4 康軒 Book 5 Lesson 4  課文例句 1.I’ve seen you on TV. 2.I’ve wanted to visit London since I was a teenager. 3.I’ve been to London many times. 4.My wife has already found over 20 missing children this year. 5.We haven’t decided yet. 6.Have you ever seen parents crying sadly on TV? 7.They are missing not because they have got lost.

5 康軒 Book 5 Lesson 4  Grammar Focus (A) 表示至目前為止,曾有過的經驗,常見搭配的副詞有 ever (用於疑問、否定)、 never (不曾、從不)、 before … … 。 Have you (ever) met Mr. Martin? seen the movie? Has he Yes, we have.We have met Mr. Martin seen the movie (before). Yes, he has.He has No, we haven’t.We haven’t No, he hasn’t.He hasn’t

6 康軒 Book 5 Lesson 4  Make sentences Example 疑問句 Has Steven ever walked in the rain? 肯定回答 Yes, he has. He has walked in the rain before. 否定回答 No, he hasn’t. He hasn’t walked in the rain before. 助動詞 have / has 為首的疑問句 為 Yes/No 問句; 是就是, 不是就不是。

7 康軒 Book 5 Lesson 4 1.Has Daniel ever talked to Americans? Yes, he has. He has talked to Americans before. 2.Has Charles ever visited the History Museum? Yes, he has. He has visited the History Museum before. 3.Has the dog ever climbed a tree? No, it hasn’t. It hasn’t climbed a tree before. 4.Have the Lin family ever taken a trip? Yes, they have. They have taken a trip before. 5.Has Little Mary ever ridden a bicycle? No, she hasn’t. She hasn’t ridden a bicycle before.

8 康軒 Book 5 Lesson 4  Grammar Focus (B) 強調動作已完成,常見搭配的副詞有 already (已經)、 just( 剛剛 ) 、 yet (尚未,搭配於否定句中) Have you (already) done the homework read today’s newspaper (yet)? Has he Yes, we have.We have (already) (just) done the homework read today’s newspaper(already). Yes, he has.He has No, we haven’t. We haven’t. done the homework. read today’s newspaper.(yet). No, he hasn’t.He hasn’t

9 康軒 Book 5 Lesson 4  Make sentences Example 疑問句 Has Harry answered the call? 肯定回答 Yes, he has. He has already answered the call. Yes, he has. He has just answered the call. 否定回答 No, he hasn’t. He hasn’t answered the call yet. already 用於肯定和疑問, just 用於肯定, yet 用於 否定和疑問。

10 康軒 Book 5 Lesson 4 1.Has Many bought a cell phone? Yes, she has. She has already bought one. 2.Have the students already passed the exam? Yes, they have. They have already passed the exam. 3.Has John already written the letters? Yes, he has. He has already written the letters. 4.Have Frank and Kelly had dinner? No, they haven’t. They haven’t had dinner. 5.Has Mr. Green gone to his office? No, he hasn’t. He hasn’t gone to his office.

11 康軒 Book 5 Lesson 4  Grammar Focus (C) 表是動作已經持續一段時間,常見搭配片語有: for + 一段時間; since + 過去某一個明確的時間點。 Have you studied English lived in Taipei for three years? Has he since 2000? Yes, we have.We have studied English lived in Taipei for three years. since Yes, he has.He has No, we haven’t.We haven’t No, he hasn’t.He hasn’t

12 康軒 Book 5 Lesson 4  Make sentences Example 疑問句 Has Mr. Wang taught at your school for a long time? 肯定回答 Yes, he has. He has taught in my school for 20 years. 否定回答 No, he hasn’t. He hasn’t taught in my school for a long time.

13 康軒 Book 5 Lesson 4 1.Have Eva and Beck studied Chinese for a long time? Yes, they have studied Chinese for 4 years / since Has Sally talked on the phone for a long time? Yes, she has talked on the phone for 30 minutes / since 6:10. 3.Has David collected CDs for a long time? Yes, he has collected CDs for 8 years / since Have Mr. And Mrs. Lin lived in the big house for a long time? Yes, they have lived there for 15 years / since Has Alex played the computer game for a long time? Yes, he has played the computer games for 50 minutes / since 7:30.

14 康軒 Book 5 Lesson 4 2. 感官動詞  文法解析: A. 常考動詞: see, look at, watch, hear, listen to, notice, feel … B. 文法重點: a. 感官 V + 受詞 + V / V-ing b. 感官 V + 受詞 + p.p. c. 感官 V (be p.p.) + to V  課文例句說明 1.My husband wants to watch the changing of the guard. 2.Have you ever seen parents crying sadly on TV?

15 康軒 Book 5 Lesson 4 3. 使役動詞( BC Test )  文法解析: A. 常考動詞: have, make, let, help, get B. 文法重點 a. 使役 V + 受詞 + V b. 使役 V + 受詞 + to V c. 使役 V + 受詞 + p.p. d. 使役 V (be p.p.) + to V  例句說明 1.They hope someone will watch the news and help them find their missing children.

16 康軒 Book 5 Lesson 4 4. 特殊動詞  文法解析: A. 特殊動詞 + V-ing : go, enjoy … B. 特殊動詞 + to V : want, would like, decide … C. 特殊動詞 + V-ing = + to V : like … D. 特殊動詞 + V-ing ≠ + to V :  例句說明 1.I’ve always wanted to visit London since I was a teenager. 2.I also like to go jogging in the beautiful parks there. 3.I’d like to visit London Bridge. 4.My husband wants to watch the changing of the guard. 5.They decide to run away simply because they think they have a serious problem and nobody can help them.

17 康軒 Book 5 Lesson 4 5. 動名詞 / 現在分詞  文法解析: A. 動名詞當「名詞」用 B. 現在分詞當「形容詞」用  例句說明 1.Thank you for inviting me. 2. My wife has already found over 20 missing children this year. 3.I also like to go jogging in the beautiful parks there. 4.My husband wants to watch the changing of the guard. 5.Have you ever seen parents crying sadly on TV? 6.Many of the missing persons are teenagers. 7.They are missing not because they have got lost. 8.However, running away makes their problem worse.

18 康軒 Book 5 Lesson 4 6. 副詞 too / also  文法解析 A.too a. 「也」:句末 b. 「太」:形容詞或副詞前 B.also a. 「也」: Be 後 V 前  課文例句 1.I also like to go jogging in the beautiful parks there. 2.And perhaps we can see the Queen, too. 3.You are also a big fan of Harry Potter, right? 4.Many of them soon regret it, but it’s just too late.

19 康軒 Book 5 Lesson 4 7. 介係詞  文法解析 A. 介係詞 + N / V-ing  課文例句 1.Thank you for inviting me. 2.She’s the “Officer of the Year.” 3.My wife has already found over 20 missing children this year. 4.Maybe we’ll take a trip to London. 5.Have you ever seen parents crying sadly on TV? 6.Each case is a big headache for the family.


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