5HOW do you get STI’s? Sixprimary ways: 1. Oral sex 2. Vaginal sex 3. Anal sex4. Skin to Skin contact, primarily through the genital region5. Mother-to-baby: during childbirth and/or breastfeeding6. Using needles/needle sharing (drugs)
64 Fluids that Transmit STD’s BloodVaginal FluidsSemenBreast Milk
7What is the best way to prevent? 1. Abstinence is the best and most effective! 100%!2. Using a BARRIER method of protection:A. CONDOM: Latex orpolyurethane ONLYB. DENTAL DAM
9The most common types of bacterial STI’s are: ChlamydiaGonorrheaSyphilis
10Chlamydia infections can occur in the mouth or anus, too! One of the most COMMON STI’sUsually no symptoms AT ALL!!If symptoms develop, they include:Discharge from penis or vaginaBurning during urinationBurning or itching around the penisPain during intercourseor bleedingChlamydia infections can occur in the mouth or anus, too!
11CAN BE CURED through antibiotics- must be tested! ChlamydiaIf untreated, can lead to:Permanent damage to female reproductive organsPelvic Inflammatory Disease in females (scarring/damage in uterus, fallopian tubes, etc.)Infertility (can’t have children)Infection in male epididymis which could lead to sterilityCAN BE CURED through antibiotics- must be tested!
12Gonorrhea can grow in the mouth, throat, eyes, and anus. Usually no symptoms AT ALLIf symptoms develop, they include:Vaginal bleeding between your periods.Pain or burning when you pass urine.Increased vaginal discharge.A discharge from your penis.Painful or swollen testiclesGonorrhea can grow in the mouth, throat, eyes, and anus.
13CAN BE CURED through antibiotics- must be tested! GonorrheaIf untreated, can lead to:Pelvic Inflammatory Disease in females (scarring/damage in uterus, fallopian tubes, etc.)Males may develop a painful condition in the testicles. In rare cases, this may prevent them from having children.Chronic pain in the pelvic areaInfertility (can’t have children)CAN BE CURED through antibiotics- must be tested!
14Syphilis Symptoms develop in stages (which can take months-years): 1st stage (PRIMARY): Sore on the body (often called chancre or shanker) where infection spread (mouth, anus, vagina, penis, tongue, lips, etc.)2nd stage (SECONDARY): Non-itchy skin rash develops including reddish-brown spots (often confused with acne) on palms of hands or feet. Also flu-like symptoms (Sore throat, tiredness, headache, swollen lymph glands)
17Syphilis3rd stage (TERTIARY): Most severe stage- can cause damage to internal system. Physical symptoms disappear in 3rd stage. Can cause heart disease, damage to other major organs.If untreated, can cause death in late stages.CAN BE CURED with penicillin if caught in the early stages
20Viral STI’s Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) Genital Herpes The most common viral STI’s are:Human Papilloma Virus (HPV)Genital HerpesHuman Immuno-Deficiency Virus (HIV)Hepatitis B
21Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) More than 100 HPV types that can infect the skin of the penis, vulva, anus, and the linings of the vagina, cervix, and rectum existSymptoms: Usually NONE.HPV types are often referred to as “low-risk” (wart-causing) or “high-risk” (cancer-causing)
23Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) Genital warts can occur inside and outside of genital region, and pre- cancerous cells on cervix can be detected through a pap smear.If left un-treated: Genital warts, cervical cancer, cancer of penis, anus, vagina, etc.NO CURE, prevention vaccine for males and females available (GET IT!!!!!)
27Genital Herpes Caused by:HSV-1 and mostly HSV-2 virus (Herpes Simplex Virus #1 and #2)Symptoms: USUALLY NONE, but can include:Oral herpes: blisters or sores appear on mouthGenital Herpes: blisters, sores, lesions appear on the genitals
31Genital HerpesOne or more blisters on or around the genitals or rectum. The blisters break, leaving tender ulcers (sores) that may take two to four weeks to heal the first time they occurTypically, another outbreak can appear weeks or months after the firstCan result in serious problems if passed to baby during childbirth.NO CURE, but medications can help.CAN BE SPREAD even if no sores are present!!!!
32Human Immuno-Deficiency Virus (HIV) It is the virus that primarily infects cells of the immune system and that causes the disease known as AIDS.Spread by oral, vaginal, anal sex, blood transfusions (rare), and sharing needlesSymptoms may not appear for up to TEN years! If so, you may not realize you have it and might be passing it on to others!Further symptoms: Flu and cold-like symptomsHIV destroys important key parts of the immune system and leads to infections, death
36Hepatitis B – Liver hurting virus Symptoms: Usually NONE.Some symptoms can include:yellowish eyes and skin, called jaundicea longer than usual amount of time for bleeding to stopswollen stomach or ankleseasy bruisingflu-like symptomsdark yellow urine
39Hepatitis BChronic hepatitis B is treated with drugs that slow or stop the virus from damaging the liverWithout treatment, chronic hepatitis B can cause scarring of the liver, called cirrhosis; liver cancer; and liver failure.
41Trichomoniasis Protozoan parasitic infection The vagina is the most common site of infection in women, and the urethra is the most common site of infection in men.Most men and women with trichomoniasis do not have signs or symptoms; however, some men may temporarily have an irritation inside the penis, mild discharge, or slight burning after urination or ejaculation.
43TrichomoniasisSome women have signs or symptoms of infection which include a frothy, yellow-green vaginal discharge with a strong odor.The infection also may cause discomfort during intercourse and urination, as well as irritation and itching of the female genital area.Pregnant women with trichomoniasis may have babies who are born early or at a low birth weight
45Pubic Lice (Crabs)Pubic lice typically are found attached to hair in the pubic area or found on coarse hair elsewhere on the bodySymptoms include:Itching in the genital areaVisible nits (lice eggs) or crawling liceBoth over-the-counter and prescription medications are available for treatment of pubic lice infestations.If not treated, pubic lice will continue to thrive on the body