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 Chlamydia: the most common bacterial STD in the USA  Genital Herpes: a STD caused by a virus that often causes painful blisters or ulcers; can not.

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Presentation on theme: " Chlamydia: the most common bacterial STD in the USA  Genital Herpes: a STD caused by a virus that often causes painful blisters or ulcers; can not."— Presentation transcript:

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2  Chlamydia: the most common bacterial STD in the USA  Genital Herpes: a STD caused by a virus that often causes painful blisters or ulcers; can not be cured

3  Human Papilloma Virus: 5 million new cases in U.S. teenagers each year, leading cause of cervical cancer. A STD caused by HPV, causes warts in the genital and anal areas and has been linked to cervical cancer and penile cancer

4  Gonorrhea: a STD caused by bacteria that can infect the mucous membranes of the penis, vagina, throat, or rectum  Syphilis: a STD caused by bacteria that can spread through bloodstream to any organ in the body

5 Pelvic Inflammatory Disease: PID – an infection of the uterus and fallopian tubes often caused by STDs; if untreated, may result in infertility

6  2 types of Herpes Virus › Type 1 – found above the waist [cold sores or fever blisters on the mouth] › Type 2 – found below the waist  Places one can go for testing, diagnosis & treatment for STDs › Private Doctor › Public Health Clinic › National STD Hotline

7  Gonorrhea -Neisseria, Gonorrhoeses, Bacterum  Chlamydia- Chlamydia, trachomatis, Bacterum  Genital Herpes- Herpes, simplex, VIRUS  Syphilis- Treponema, pallidum, Bacterum  Genital Warts-HPV- VIRUS  Hepatitis B- Hepatitis B VIRUS  HIV/AIDS- VIRUS  Pubic Lice (Crabs)- Insect  Scabies- Mite

8  Gonorrhea- Sexual contact; mother to infant at birth  Chlamydia -Sexual contact; mother to infant at birth  Genital Herpes- Sexual contact; contact between chancre or rash & mucous membranes or break in skin; mother to infant before birth  Syphilis -Sexual contact;

9  Human Papilloma Virus- Genital Warts- Sexual contact;  Hepatitis B- Sexual contact; sharing needles; sharing items like razors, toothbrushes, eating utensils; mother to infant at birth  HIV/AIDS- Sexual contact; exchange of bodily fluids; sharing needles  Pubic Lice (Crabs)-Sexual contact  Scabies-Sexual contact

10 Women  often no signs or symptoms; vaginal irritation & discharge; pain in lower abdomen Males  frequent, painful urination; heavy yellow discharge of pus from penis; tenderness in groin or testicles; swollen lymph nodes or groin

11 Women  usually no signs or symptoms; painful urination; vaginal discharge; pain in lower abdomen; bleeding between menstrual periods Men  often no signs or symptoms; painful, difficult urination; white or yellow discharge from penis

12 › Women  usually no signs or symptoms; painful blisters on cervix, vagina, vulva, thighs, or buttocks; sluggish feeling; fever; flu-like symptoms; lymph node enlargement › Men  usually no signs or symptoms; blisters on penis, thighs, or buttocks; painful urination; sluggish feeling; fever; flu-like symptoms; lymph node enlargement

13  First signs: small, red bumps at the point of infection, which becomes an open sore oozing fluid (called a chancre)

14  Later signs: a rash; a dull, depressed feeling; fever, joint pain; hair loss, large moist sores around the sex organs or mouth  Final stage: blindness; brain damage; paralysis; can cause death

15  HPV- Warts in the genital or anal area; at site of skin to skin contact  Hepatitis B- Flu-like symptoms; dark urine; yellowing of skin  Crabs- Intense itching & possible rash in genital area; occasional swelling of lymph nodes in the groin  Scabies- Intense itching in genital area, under the breast, in the armpits, between the fingers, or elsewhere

16  Gonorrhea › Females: 80% show no signs or are mild › Males: most show no signs  Chlamydia- Very few show signs. Results may only show when woman wants to get pregnant.  Genital Herpes  Males: 75% can pass it to someone else  Females: 25% show sign

17  Gonorrhea -Antibiotics  Chlamydia- Antibiotics  Genital Herpes- NO CURE but medicine can ease symptoms  Human Papilloma Virus- NO CURE; Warts can be removed by tricloracetic acid; podophyllin; laser; liquid nitrogen; surgery

18  Hepatitis B- NO CURE; interferon & gamma globulin can ease symptoms; vaccine available  HIV/AIDS- NO CURE  Syphilis- Antibiotics  Pubic Lice (Crabs)- Medicated lotions & shampoos  Scabies- Medicated lotions & shampoos

19  A person who has an STD can go to a family doctor, or a private doctor to get tested  There are public health clinics that offer free or low-cost treatment  Clinics can be found in the Yellow Pages

20  After a person takes medicine and feels better, they have to keep taking the medicine until it is completely gone  Sex partners should be treated at the same time for certain STDs  If both sex partners are not treated at the same time, they can continue to re-infect each other

21  HIV: Human Immune Deficiency Virus – the virus that causes AIDS  AIDS: Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome - a STD caused by a virus that cripples a person’s immune system  HIV-antibody test: a test used to determine whether a person has been infected with HIV  HIV positive: the condition of being infected with HIV

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