Presentation on theme: "Promoting Disaster Reduction through Multi-National Cooperation in Asia region ADRC’s Activities 12 Oct. 2005 Asian Disaster Reduction Center (ADRC)"— Presentation transcript:
Promoting Disaster Reduction through Multi-National Cooperation in Asia region ADRC’s Activities 12 Oct. 2005 Asian Disaster Reduction Center (ADRC) http://www.adrc.or.jp
Note 1. Source: CRED EM-DAT 2. Affected People include killed, missing, injured, as well as the people who lost their houses. Total Number of Affected People by Natural Disaster in the World (1975-2004)
Economic Loss by Natural Disasters in Asia (1960 - 2004) Note 1. Source: CRED 2. GDP is before year of the disaster. But Armenia’s GDP is in 1990 after the independence. CountryYear Disaster Type Damage (MnUSD) GDP (MnUSD) Damage /GDP Armenia1988Earthquake20,5002,257908% Mongolia1996Forest fire1,713893192% Mongolia2000Cold wave87590796% Maldives2004Tsunami47075362% Lao PDR1992Typhoon3021,12827% Nepal1987Flood7282,85126% Georgia1990Earthquake1,7007,73822%
Disaster Reduction is a MUST for Sustainable Development in Asia A single disaster can wipe out annual GDP of a country Natural disaster can be the biggest obstacle to social security of a country
Establishment of ADRC 1994 World Conference on Natural Disaster Reduction, Yokohama, Japan 1995 The Great Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake 1995 Asian Natural Disaster Reduction Conference – ministerial level, hosted by Prime Minister of Japan 1996 Asian Disaster Reduction Expert Meeting 1997 Asian Disaster Reduction Cooperation Promotion Meeting 1998 Establishment of ADRC, Kobe, Hyogo, Japan
Organization of ADRC Chairman Prof.Shigeru Itoh Executive Director Masayuki Kitamoto Survey&Research Sec. Administrative Sec.
※ Implement Various Projects in cooperation with UN/ISDR, UN/OCHA, UNESCO, UNU, WMO, UN/ESCAP, etc. ADRC Member Countries 25 Member Countries, 5 Advisor Countries, 1 Observer Pakistan
ADRC’s Activities 〇 Information Sharing 〇 Human Resource Development 〇 Building Community Capabilities
Seminar and Training for Human Resource Development 〇 Human Resource Development (1) JapanJICA Seminar on Disaster Management LaoDisaster Reduction Training for Media 2003Cambodia Disaster Management Training for Local Government Officials PhilippinesEmergency Material Distribution System Training Viet NamFlood Management Seminar Urban Earthquake JapanJICA Seminar on Disaster Management SingaporeUrban Search and Rescue Training MongoliaEarthquake Disaster Management Seminar 2004 Viet Nam Flood Hazard Map Training Tajikistan Disaster Risk Management Workshop Japan Disaster Management Training Course for Central Asia and the Caucasus JapanJICA Seminar on Disaster Management SingaporeUrban Search and Rescue Training 2005 Japan Mission on Policy Dialogue for High Level Administrative Policy Makers on Establishing a Tsunami Early Warning System in the Indian Ocean Japan JICA Regional Seminar on Tsunami Early Warning System in the Indian Ocean
Disaster Risk Management Workshop in Tajikistan （ 2004 ） Flood Hazard Map Training in Viet Nam （ 2004 ） Urban Search and Rescue Training in Singapore (2005 ）
〇 Capacity Building at Community (1) Local People ・ Knowledge (Past Disaster ・ Land Use, Small Path, Vulnerable People,...) Researcher ・ Current Scientific and Technological Aspects (Science, Engineering,...) ・ Condition (Land, Road, House,...) ・ Estimation (Magnitude, Water level, Land Slide,...) ・ Evacuation (Safe Place, Route,...) Local Govt. Hazard Map (Raw Plan) Provide Information Communication Town Watching Method Community Based Hazard Mapping Objectives ・ Developing an informative Hazard Map ・ Raising public awareness of disasters ・ Reflecting the resident’s opinions into local policies ADRC developed the tool for capacity building at community level
Community Based Hazard Mapping Town Watching Method ～ Effective tool for raising public awareness ～ Step 2 Develop a Map Visualize the observations and findings on the map. Enhance the awareness and cooperation through the task. Step 1 Field Survey Residents, Officers in Local Govt. and Experts survey the positive and negative features relating to the disaster risk by walking around in the town. Step 3 Discussion and Presentation What are the problems? Who is responsible? What are the countermeasures? Share the information.
Field Survey of Tsunami Disasters in Indian Ocean ThailandIndia Maldives Indonesia Period: 1 Mar. － 5 Mar. Site: Chennai, Cuddalore, Pondicherry Period: 30 Dec. － 2 Jan. Site: Phuket, Phangnga Period: 26 Jan. － 31 Jan. Site: Male, Dhaalu Atoll, Thaa Atoll Period: 7 Jan. － 11 Jan. Site: Banda Aceh Sri Lanka Period: 28 Dec. － 5 Jan. Site: Galle, Trincomalee Period: 8 Apr. –13 Apr. Site: Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Pondicherry
EarthquakeTsunami Tsunami Warning Center International/ Regional Framework Each Country’s Warning Announcement System Public Awareness National Government Local Government People Mass Media Where is Evacuation Route? What is Tsunami ? Key Components of Tsunami Warning System