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2011-12 LINGUA INGLESE 1 modulo A/B Introduction to English Linguistics prof. Hugo Bowles Lesson 10 Word formation 1 (Morphology 3)

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Presentation on theme: "2011-12 LINGUA INGLESE 1 modulo A/B Introduction to English Linguistics prof. Hugo Bowles Lesson 10 Word formation 1 (Morphology 3)"— Presentation transcript:

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2 LINGUA INGLESE 1 modulo A/B Introduction to English Linguistics prof. Hugo Bowles Lesson 10 Word formation 1 (Morphology 3)

3 CLASSIFYING GRAMMAR

4 CLASSIFYING MORPHOLOGY

5 swim CONVERSION when a word changes its word class to swim (verb)a swim (noun)

6 CONVERSION to rainrain to bicyclea bicycle to cheat a cheat

7 NATO, CNN INITIALISMS see slide 26

8 ping-pong, teeny-weeny REDUPLICATION a lexeme with two identical, or very similar, constituents

9 motel, brunch, heliport BLENDING when a word is made out of shortened forms of other words BR-eakfast + l-UNCH = BRUNCH

10 BLENDING motel heliport mo-tor? + ho-tel heli-copter + air-port

11 gas CLIPPING when a word of more than one syllable is reduced to a shorter form gasoline gas

12 CLIPPING burger deli mike hamburger delicatessen microphone

13 edit, televise, demo BACK FORMATION When a word of one type is reduced to form a word of a different type editoredit

14 BACK FORMATION televisiontelevise demonstrationdemo

15 Aussie HYPOCORISM A longer word is reduced to a single syllable and then -y or -ie is added Australian Auss + -ieAussie

16 HYPOCORISM moving picture move + ie movie

17 quack, woof ONOMATOPEIA When a word is created to sound like the thing it names

18 Darwinian EPONYM when a word is derived from the name of a person

19 EPONYMY Buzz Lightyear is derived from Buzz Aldrin the astronaut Garibaldi biscuits were marketed in England after Garibaldi’s visit (and you can still buy them)

20 nylon, aspirin COINAGE the invention of a totally new word This often occurs with scientific names and trade names of new products

21 Quiz (1) vet = clipping fantabulous = blending (fantastic + fabulous) Google = coinage (a new invention) to Google (vb) = conversion from Google (noun) doc = clipping (from doctor) zig-zag =reduplication fahrenheit = eponym

22 Quiz (2) ‘Sob!’ = onomatopeia hankie = hypocorism AIDS = acronymy to biograph = back-formation from biography (noun) infotainment = blending (information + entertainment) to party = conversion from party (noun)

23 INITIALISMS Acronomy When the from is pronounced as a single word (NATO, AIDS) Alphabetism When the form is pronounced by its letters (BBC, CNN)

24 INITIALISMS IN TEXT MESSAGES (1) Initials used as WORDS y Why? q Queue ruok Are you OK? cu See you

25 INITIALISMS IN TEXT MESSAGES (2) Initials used for elements in COMPOUND WORDS gf girlfriend dl download w/e weekend

26 INITIALISMS IN TEXT MESSAGES (3) Initials used for words in PHRASES cwot complete waste of time imo in my opinion np no problem

27 INITIALISMS IN TEXT MESSAGES (4) Initials used for words in ELLIPTICAL or WHOLE SENTENCES lol Laughing out loud jk Just kidding swdyt So what do you think? cmb Call me back

28 INITIALISMS IN TEXT MESSAGES (5) Initials used for words in EXCLAMATIONS omg Oh my God! Yyssw Yeah, yeah, sure, sure, whatever !


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