Presentation on theme: "Lecture 5 Objectives To know processes of word formation."— Presentation transcript:
1Lecture 5 Objectives To know processes of word formation. To know inflectional &derivational paradigm
2Processes of word formation compounding derivationinvention echoismclipping acronymyblending
31. Compounding is the joining of two or more words into a single word 1. Compounding is the joining of two or more words into a single word. Examples, breakfast, high school.2. Derivation is forming of new words by combining derivational affixes or bound affixes with existing words as, in disadvise, re-ask.
43. Invention: new words are totally invented e.g nylon 4. Echoism: is the formation of words whose sounds suggest their meanings, e.g. hiss
5EX 10-1Indicate which process of formation represented compounding, derivation, invention, echoism:1. roughneck codgerhood.3. clink doodad dacron
65.Clipping is cutting off the beginning or the end of a word, or both, leaving a part to stand for the whole.
7Give the original words from which these clipped words were formed: EX 10-2Give the original words from which these clipped words were formed:1.ad taxi phil van bus pikeHOME WORK
86.Acronymy is the process by which a word is formed from the initial or beginning. EX 10-5Ok,NOW,OPEC
97.blending:Is the fusion of two words into one. usually the first part of one word with the last of another, e.g telecast
10Inflectional paradigms Define : Is a set of related forms having the same stem but different affixesNoun paradigmVerb paradigmsComparable paradigms