Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Lecture 5 Objectives To know processes of word formation. To know inflectional &derivational paradigm Objectives To know processes of word formation. To.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Lecture 5 Objectives To know processes of word formation. To know inflectional &derivational paradigm Objectives To know processes of word formation. To."— Presentation transcript:

1 Lecture 5 Objectives To know processes of word formation. To know inflectional &derivational paradigm Objectives To know processes of word formation. To know inflectional &derivational paradigm

2 Processes of word formation compounding derivation invention echoism clipping acronymy blending compounding derivation invention echoism clipping acronymy blending

3 1. Compounding is the joining of two or more words into a single word. Examples, breakfast, high school. 2. Derivation is forming of new words by combining derivational affixes or bound affixes with existing words as, in disadvise, re- ask. 1. Compounding is the joining of two or more words into a single word. Examples, breakfast, high school. 2. Derivation is forming of new words by combining derivational affixes or bound affixes with existing words as, in disadvise, re- ask.

4 3. Invention: new words are totally invented e.g nylon 4. Echoism: is the formation of words whose sounds suggest their meanings, e.g. hiss 3. Invention: new words are totally invented e.g nylon 4. Echoism: is the formation of words whose sounds suggest their meanings, e.g. hiss

5 EX 10-1 Indicate which process of formation represented compounding, derivation, invention, echoism: 1. roughneck. 2. codgerhood. 3. clink. 4. doodad. 5. dacron Indicate which process of formation represented compounding, derivation, invention, echoism: 1. roughneck. 2. codgerhood. 3. clink. 4. doodad. 5. dacron

6 5.Clipping is cutting off the beginning or the end of a word, or both, leaving a part to stand for the whole.

7 EX 10-2 Give the original words from which these clipped words were formed: 1.ad 2.taxi 3.phil 4 van 5.bus 6.pike HOME WORK 10-15

8 6.Acronymy is the process by which a word is formed from the initial or beginning. EX 10-5 Ok,NOW,OPEC 6.Acronymy is the process by which a word is formed from the initial or beginning. EX 10-5 Ok,NOW,OPEC

9 7.blending: Is the fusion of two words into one. usually the first part of one word with the last of another, e.g telecast 7.blending: Is the fusion of two words into one. usually the first part of one word with the last of another, e.g telecast

10 Inflectional paradigms Define : Is a set of related forms having the same stem but different affixes Noun paradigm Verb paradigms Comparable paradigms Define : Is a set of related forms having the same stem but different affixes Noun paradigm Verb paradigms Comparable paradigms

11 Noun paradigms Inflectional suffixes:models: stem: doctor,woman. Plural:{s -pl}: doctors,women. possessive{-s ps}: doctor’s, woman’s. Plural possessive: {-s pl ps} doctors’, women’ Inflectional suffixes:models: stem: doctor,woman. Plural:{s -pl}: doctors,women. possessive{-s ps}: doctor’s, woman’s. Plural possessive: {-s pl ps} doctors’, women’

12 EX 11-1 Write the pradigmatic forms of these nouns Stem, plural, possessive, plural+ possessive. The words: -carpenter woman -brother Homework: 5-10

13 Verb paradigms Inflectional suffixes: models Stem: show Present third-person sinular{S 3 rd }: shows, rings. present pariciple {ING vb}: showing,ringing. {D pt}:showed,rang. {D-pp}:showed,shown,rung. Inflectional suffixes: models Stem: show Present third-person sinular{S 3 rd }: shows, rings. present pariciple {ING vb}: showing,ringing. {D pt}:showed,rang. {D-pp}:showed,shown,rung.

14 Comparable paradigms Inflectional suffixes: models Stem{Er-cp}: sweeter {EST sp} Ex. 11-20 write the comparative and the superlative forms(two- syllable adjectives). Inflectional suffixes: models Stem{Er-cp}: sweeter {EST sp} Ex. 11-20 write the comparative and the superlative forms(two- syllable adjectives).

15 Ex 11-20 Write the comparative &superlative forms er, est -angry healthy -bitter common -cruel foolish Home work 7-20 THE END


Download ppt "Lecture 5 Objectives To know processes of word formation. To know inflectional &derivational paradigm Objectives To know processes of word formation. To."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google