5 Rabies: Indications Attacks unprovoked Acts strangely (was friendly, now aggressive, was wild, now acts docile)High risk species
6 She has recovered "remarkably well" and should continue to improve. WisconsinJeanna Giese: medical marvel . She survived rabies without a vaccination.She has recovered "remarkably well" and should continue to improve.The other five people known after symptoms appeared were vaccinated in advance or received vaccine soon afterward. All but one ended up with permanent movement difficulties.Giese was not hospitalized until a month after she was bitten by a bat she picked up in church.
7 Doctors intentionally put her in a coma and gave her antiviral drugs to prevent nerve cells death. She spent two months in ICU.PT helped her with speech problems, weakness in her hand and foot, and abnormal movements in her arms and hands. She can drive a car, scored above-average on a national college entrance exams.She still has slight difficulty enunciating words, awkwardness using her left hand and trouble lifting her left foot so that she looks a bit uncoordinated when she runs.
8 Animal Bites: What to Do Report animal bites to police or animal control officerFamily pet: observe for 10 days
9 Animal Bites: What to Do Family pet: confine and observe for 10 daysStray dog or cat: will be killed and head submitted for testingDead animal: entire body sent for testing
10 Animal Bites: What to Do High risk species bite:Start treatment for rabies immediately
11 Animal Bites: What to Do Clean wound with soap and waterRinse with water under pressureControl bleedingSMA
12 Human Bites Lots of bacteria in human mouth Chance of infection is great
13 Human Bites: What to Do Clean wound with soap & water Rinse with water under pressure for 5 –10 minutesControl bleedingCover with dressingSMA
14 Snake Bites 4 snakes in US are venomous: Rattlesnake (65%) Copperhead Water MoccasinCoral Snake
36 Brown RecluseLocal reaction w/in 2-8 hours: Severe pain, redness, swelling, itching at bite site.
37 Brown Recluse Blister w/in 48-72 hours. Blister bursts, scab forms and falls off, leaving a small red crater.Repeats over and over.
38 Brown RecluseFever, weakness, joint pain and rash, stomach cramps, N/V may occur
39 Tarantula Bites only if provoked. Can be mild to severe pain. Will also flick hair into victims skin causing itching and hives.
40 TarantulaTreat with cortisone cream and antihistamines
41 Spider Bites: What to Do If possible confirm identity of spiderClean bite with soap and waterIce packMonitor ABCsSMA immediatelyBlack Widow: Anti-venom (used only for under 6 over 60)Brown Recluse: No anti-venom
43 Scorpion Stings:What to Look For Local, immediate pain and burning around sting site.Numbness or tingling develop
44 Scorpion Stings: What to Do Monitor ABCsGently clean site with soap & waterIce packSMA immediatelyAnti-venom available in Arizona
45 Mosquito BitesCarry many diseases:MalariaYellow feverEncephalitis
46 Mosquito Bites: What to Do Clean site with soap & waterIce packUse Calamine lotionAntihistamine prn
47 Ticks Remove as soon as possible Use tweezers if possible, grasp as close to skin as you canWash with soap & waterDisinfect with rubbing alcohol
48 Ticks Ice pack Calamine lotion Watch bite site for one month. If rash appears: SMA
49 Ticks: DO NOT Use weird methods to remove (hot match, gasoline) Grasp tick at rear of body.
50 Yes Learning Activities 14 Bites and Stings 1. Report animal bites to police or Animal Control Office.Yes
51 No Learning Activities 14 Bites and Stings 2. Apply cold or ice to snake bite.No
52 No Learning Activities 14 Bites and Stings 3. Use “cut and suck” for snake bite.No
53 Yes Learning Activities 14 Bites and Stings 4. If remote area, suction snake venom with an Extractor.Yes
54 Yes Learning Activities 14 Bites and Stings 5. Cold or ice pack for insect sting or spider bite.Yes
55 Yes Learning Activities 14 Bites and Stings 6. Baking soda paste for insect sting.Yes
56 Yes Learning Activities 14 Bites and Stings 7. Epinephrine prn for life threatening allergic reaction.Yes
57 Yes Learning Activities 14 Bites and Stings 8. Anti venom for Black widow. Not all victims need it .Yes
58 Yes Learning Activities 14 Bites and Stings 9. Antihistamine or Cortisone for mosquito bites .Yes
59 NO! Learning Activities 14 Bites and Stings 10. Hot match head or heated needle to remove tick .NO!
60 NO! Learning Activities 14 Bites and Stings 11. Heavy oil or grease to remove tick .NO!
61 Learning Activities 14Scenerio: attacked by large dog.several bite marks on arms and legs. What to do?Confine animalClean wound with soap and waterRinse with water under pressureControl bleedingSMA
62 Learning Activities 14Scenario: Snake bite. 2 puncture wounds on leg. What to do?Get away from snake!Keep victim quietAvoid walking, moving if possibleGently wash with soap and waterSMA immediately
63 Learning Activities 14Scenario: Face swelling, tightness across chest. SOB. Bee\sting. Medical alert tag for insect allergy. Has meds. Ice machine nearby. What to do?Remove by scraping with hard object such as credit card.Administer epinephrineWash with soap water, Ice PackSMA
64 Learning Activities 14Scenario: Outside. Sharp pin prick on arm minutes later, dull, numbing pain in back. 2 tiny red spots on arm. 1 hour later abd cramps that are getting worse. What to do?Clean bite with soap & waterIce packMonitor ABCsSMA immediately
65 Learning Activities 14Scenario: Co-worker returns from camping. Asks you to look at back of head. Tick embedded in scalp. What to do?Remove with tweezers grasping as close to skin as you canWash with soap & waterDisinfect with rubbing alcoholIce packWatch bite site for one month.If rash appears: SMA
66 First Aid Kit Item Quantity Soap 1 bar Hard object such as credit cardPencil 1