5Rabies: Indications Attacks unprovoked Acts strangely (was friendly, now aggressive, was wild, now acts docile)High risk species
6She has recovered "remarkably well" and should continue to improve. WisconsinJeanna Giese: medical marvel . She survived rabies without a vaccination.She has recovered "remarkably well" and should continue to improve.The other five people known after symptoms appeared were vaccinated in advance or received vaccine soon afterward. All but one ended up with permanent movement difficulties.Giese was not hospitalized until a month after she was bitten by a bat she picked up in church.
7Doctors intentionally put her in a coma and gave her antiviral drugs to prevent nerve cells death. She spent two months in ICU.PT helped her with speech problems, weakness in her hand and foot, and abnormal movements in her arms and hands. She can drive a car, scored above-average on a national college entrance exams.She still has slight difficulty enunciating words, awkwardness using her left hand and trouble lifting her left foot so that she looks a bit uncoordinated when she runs.
8Animal Bites: What to Do Report animal bites to police or animal control officerFamily pet: observe for 10 days
9Animal Bites: What to Do Family pet: confine and observe for 10 daysStray dog or cat: will be killed and head submitted for testingDead animal: entire body sent for testing
10Animal Bites: What to Do High risk species bite:Start treatment for rabies immediately
11Animal Bites: What to Do Clean wound with soap and waterRinse with water under pressureControl bleedingSMA
12Human Bites Lots of bacteria in human mouth Chance of infection is great
13Human Bites: What to Do Clean wound with soap & water Rinse with water under pressure for 5 –10 minutesControl bleedingCover with dressingSMA
14Snake Bites 4 snakes in US are venomous: Rattlesnake (65%) Copperhead Water MoccasinCoral Snake
36Brown RecluseLocal reaction w/in 2-8 hours: Severe pain, redness, swelling, itching at bite site.
37Brown Recluse Blister w/in 48-72 hours. Blister bursts, scab forms and falls off, leaving a small red crater.Repeats over and over.
38Brown RecluseFever, weakness, joint pain and rash, stomach cramps, N/V may occur
39Tarantula Bites only if provoked. Can be mild to severe pain. Will also flick hair into victims skin causing itching and hives.
40TarantulaTreat with cortisone cream and antihistamines
41Spider Bites: What to Do If possible confirm identity of spiderClean bite with soap and waterIce packMonitor ABCsSMA immediatelyBlack Widow: Anti-venom (used only for under 6 over 60)Brown Recluse: No anti-venom
43Scorpion Stings:What to Look For Local, immediate pain and burning around sting site.Numbness or tingling develop
44Scorpion Stings: What to Do Monitor ABCsGently clean site with soap & waterIce packSMA immediatelyAnti-venom available in Arizona
45Mosquito BitesCarry many diseases:MalariaYellow feverEncephalitis
46Mosquito Bites: What to Do Clean site with soap & waterIce packUse Calamine lotionAntihistamine prn
47Ticks Remove as soon as possible Use tweezers if possible, grasp as close to skin as you canWash with soap & waterDisinfect with rubbing alcohol
48Ticks Ice pack Calamine lotion Watch bite site for one month. If rash appears: SMA
49Ticks: DO NOT Use weird methods to remove (hot match, gasoline) Grasp tick at rear of body.
50Yes Learning Activities 14 Bites and Stings 1. Report animal bites to police or Animal Control Office.Yes
51No Learning Activities 14 Bites and Stings 2. Apply cold or ice to snake bite.No
52No Learning Activities 14 Bites and Stings 3. Use “cut and suck” for snake bite.No
53Yes Learning Activities 14 Bites and Stings 4. If remote area, suction snake venom with an Extractor.Yes
54Yes Learning Activities 14 Bites and Stings 5. Cold or ice pack for insect sting or spider bite.Yes
55Yes Learning Activities 14 Bites and Stings 6. Baking soda paste for insect sting.Yes
56Yes Learning Activities 14 Bites and Stings 7. Epinephrine prn for life threatening allergic reaction.Yes
57Yes Learning Activities 14 Bites and Stings 8. Anti venom for Black widow. Not all victims need it .Yes
58Yes Learning Activities 14 Bites and Stings 9. Antihistamine or Cortisone for mosquito bites .Yes
59NO! Learning Activities 14 Bites and Stings 10. Hot match head or heated needle to remove tick .NO!
60NO! Learning Activities 14 Bites and Stings 11. Heavy oil or grease to remove tick .NO!
61Learning Activities 14Scenerio: attacked by large dog.several bite marks on arms and legs. What to do?Confine animalClean wound with soap and waterRinse with water under pressureControl bleedingSMA
62Learning Activities 14Scenario: Snake bite. 2 puncture wounds on leg. What to do?Get away from snake!Keep victim quietAvoid walking, moving if possibleGently wash with soap and waterSMA immediately
63Learning Activities 14Scenario: Face swelling, tightness across chest. SOB. Bee\sting. Medical alert tag for insect allergy. Has meds. Ice machine nearby. What to do?Remove by scraping with hard object such as credit card.Administer epinephrineWash with soap water, Ice PackSMA
64Learning Activities 14Scenario: Outside. Sharp pin prick on arm minutes later, dull, numbing pain in back. 2 tiny red spots on arm. 1 hour later abd cramps that are getting worse. What to do?Clean bite with soap & waterIce packMonitor ABCsSMA immediately
65Learning Activities 14Scenario: Co-worker returns from camping. Asks you to look at back of head. Tick embedded in scalp. What to do?Remove with tweezers grasping as close to skin as you canWash with soap & waterDisinfect with rubbing alcoholIce packWatch bite site for one month.If rash appears: SMA
66First Aid Kit Item Quantity Soap 1 bar Hard object such as credit cardPencil 1