Presentation on theme: "Chapter 5: Slavery, Secession, and Civil War"— Presentation transcript:
1Chapter 5: Slavery, Secession, and Civil War 5.1 Tensions Over Slavery(27 Note Cards Required)SSUSH8The students will explain the relationship between growing north-south divisions and westward expansion.SSUSH9The students will identity key events, issues, and individuals relating to the causes, course, and consequences of the Civil War.
2Slavery System in which African-Americans were bought, sold, and owned like property.
3Second Middle Passage Domestic slave trade that involved the migration of African American slaves from the Upper Southto the Deep South and western territories/states.
4Doctrine of Nullification The belief that states have the right to nullify(ignore or cancel) any federal law they believeis unconstitutional.
5State's Rights Belief that the federal government should restrict itself to powers specifically stated in theConstitution, and that all else should be left to thestates.
6John C. Calhoun A South Carolina senator during the 1800s (and, for a time, Andrew Jackson's vice president) whobecame a champion of state's rights and asouthern regional hero.
11Free Blacks These African Americans were free either because they had purchased their own freedom,their masters had freed them for one reason oranother, or because they were born to freeparents.Most worked as artisans, farmers, or simplelaborers, but a few owned businesses and someeven owned black slaves themselves.
12MulattosPeople of color who had both black and whiteancestry.
13Social reformers who wanted to end slavery. AbolitionistsSocial reformers who wanted to end slavery.
14William Lloyd Garrison White abolitionist who founded an influential,anti-slavery newspaper called The Liberator in1831 and helped establish the American Anti-Slavery Society.
15Grimke Sisters Sarah and Angelina Grimke were members of a prominent slaveholding family in South Carolinawho became abolitionists and won nationalacclaim for their passionate anti-slaveryspeeches.
16Frederick DouglassAfrican American abolitionist who escaped slavery inMaryland, educated himself and became the mostprominent African American speaker for the abolitionof slavery.
17Nat Turner's RebellionSlave rebellion that occurred in Virginia in 1831.Nat Turner organized a revolt in which 160 people (bothblack and white) were killed.Turner and nineteen others were hanged for their role inthe uprising, and slaves were no longer allowed to becomeministers.
18Slave CodesLaws restricting the conduct and activities ofslaves.
19Missouri Compromise (1820) It called for the admission of Missouri as a slave state andMaine as a free state.In addition, the southern boundary of Missouri, 36°30' N,would become a dividing line for any new states admittedto the Union.All new states north of that line would be Free states, whilethose to the south would be slave states; it was designed tomaintain the balance of power in Washington, DC.
20Wilmot Proviso Bill proposed by David Wilmot that advocated banning slavery from any land taken from Mexico. Northernersembraced the idea, but southerners denounced it.Congress eventually voted down the Wilmot Proviso.
21Popular Sovereignty Meant that the people in certain states and territories would vote on whether or not toallow slavery.
22Compromise of 1850Political compromise that admitted California to theUnion as a free state and declared the unorganizedwestern territories free as well.The Utah and New Mexico territories, however, wereallowed to decide the issue by popular sovereignty.
23Fugitive Slave Law This law was part of the Compromise of 1850 and required that northern states forcibly return escapedslaves to their owners in the South. Because the law wasunpopular in the North, however, many northern citizensrefused to obey it.
24Kansas-Nebraska ActThis act allowed the previously free and unorganizedterritories of Kansas and Nebraska to choose whether ornot to permit slavery by popular sovereignty.Its guidelines effectively repealed the MissouriCompromise and reignited the slavery issue. Resulted ina bloody civil war within Kansas.
25Bleeding Kansas In 1856, popularity sovereignty emplaced in Kansas. Both abolitionists and pro-slavery factions rushedinto Kansas, eventually setting up rival governmentsas armed clashes between the two sides becamecommon.
26Charles Sumner A fiery senator from Massachusetts who opposed slavery. He was beaten with a cane in the Capitol by acongressman from South Carolina after giving a speechcondemning slavery.
27Dred Scott DecisionUS Supreme Court case in which a slave, Dred Scott, sued for his freedom.The Court ruled that Scott had no right to sue because, as a slave, he was not a citizen.
28John Brown's RaidPlot led by John Brown, in which he and a band of radicalabolitionists attacked the federal arsenal at Harper's Ferryand seize weapons and give them to slaves who could thenrise up in armed rebellion.Their plan failed and John Brown was hanged.