Presentation on theme: "Squad Tactics Offensive Operations"— Presentation transcript:
1 Squad Tactics Offensive Operations DefinitionOffensive operations aim at destroying or defeating the enemy in order to impose the will of the Army on the enemy and achieve decisive victory. Offensive operations are used to deprive the enemy of resources, seize terrain, deceive or divert the enemy, develop intelligence or hold an enemy in position.
2 Characteristics of the Offense SurpriseConcentrationTempoAudacity
3 Types of Offensive Operations Movement to ContactAttackExploitationPursuit
4 Movement to Contact (MTC) An operation to develop the situation and establish or regain contact with the enemyUsed when the tactical situation is vague or not specific enough to conduct an attack, or when the enemy has broken contactA properly planned and executed MTC will allow friendly forces freedom of actionNormally conducted at battalion or brigade levelSmallest element conducting MTC is companySquads and platoons conduct MTC as part of a larger force (company and above MTC)
5 MTC: Fundamentals Focus all efforts on finding the enemy Make initial contact with smallest element possibleSecure the main body from becoming decisively engaged by the enemyTask organize and select movement formations that allow rapid deployment and attackKeep forces within supporting distancesMaintain contact with enemy
6 Movement to Contact Techniques Approach MarchSearch and Attack
7 Approach March: Planning Considerations METT-TCOn order or follow on missions for subordinate unitsDecision PointsWhen do I commit main bodyWill reinforcing the advance guard destroy the enemy or must I maneuver the main body to attack the enemy?When and how do I commit the reserve?How do I use the main body or reserve if my flanks are attacked?Balance speed and ability to maintain mutual support with elementsSoldiers load impacts stealth and mobilityControl measures and coordination with adjacent units
8 MTC: Common Maneuver Elements Advance GuardSometimes called Forward Security Element (FSE)Main BodySecurityFlank and Rear (Screen or Guard)
9 Advance Guard“I ordered the advance guard (one squad) to hold the farmhouse for an additional five minutes, and then retire…I quickly ordered a platoon…to open fire on the area to the left and the advance guard began to drop back under this fire protection.”- Field Marshal Erwin RommelIn his book, Infantry Attacks.
10 MTC: Advance GuardMoves forward of and within supporting range of Main Body’s weapon systemsProtects Main Body from surprise enemy contactEnsures uninterrupted movement of Main Body by reducing obstacles, create passage lanes, or identifies bypass routesFixes the enemy to allow Main Body to develop the situationDetermines and reports enemy composition, disposition, strength, flanks and gapsProtects Main Body while Main Body is deploying
11 MTC: Main BodyThe primary mission of the Main Body is to maneuver to destroy the enemyThe commander designates tasks or missions to each unit in the main bodyMain effort to destroy the enemyFollow and support missionsReserve
12 MTC: Flank and Rear Security Provided by the maneuver unit traveling on a flank or to the rear of the Main BodyThe trail company traveling in battalion column acts as the battalion’s rear guardThe battalion traveling on the left of a brigade movement will use their battalion scouts to screen the left flankCan be dismounted, mounted or aviation unitsUsed to delay an enemy force by buying time for the Main Body to react
13 MTC: Search and AttackA technique primarily conducted by light forces and supported by heavy forcesExecuted at the battalion levelUses platoon or squad-size elementsRecon element finds the enemyFixing force develops the situationFinishing force conducts hasty or deliberate attack to destroy the enemy
14 MTC: Purposes of Search and Attack Destroy the enemyDeny unhindered use of friendly area by the enemyProtect a larger force by preventing the enemy from massing, disrupting or destroying friendly forcesCollect information on the enemy to confirm enemy courses of actions predicted during the intelligence preparation of the battlefield (IPB) process
15 Search and Attack: Planning Considerations METT-TCDecentralized operations at squad and platoon levelMutual support to respond to other units in contactLength of operation may require unit rotationSoldiers load impacts stealth and mobilityResupply and MedevacPositioning of key leaders and personnelEmployment of key weaponsRequirement and location of patrol basesHow to enter the zone of operationDetails of unit linkup
16 Offense: AttackAn operation that destroys or defeats the enemy, secures terrain, or bothAmbushSpoiling AttackCounterattackRaidFeintDemonstration
17 RaidSwift entry into hostile territory to secure information, confuse the enemy, or destroy installationsEnds with a planned withdrawalAlso used to rescue and recover individuals/equipment in danger of capture
18 Offense: Exploitation Offensive operation that rapidly follows a successful attackNecessary due to the fact that total annihilation of the enemy on the objective are rareExploitation operations are designed to aggressively pursue the enemy in order to finish or disorganize the enemy in depth to prevent the enemy from occupying alternate defenses, consolidating and reorganizing or counterattacking to regain the initiative
19 Offense: PursuitAn offensive operation to catch or cut off an enemy attempting to escape in order to destroy the enemyNormally follows a successful exploitation operationMay also result in any successful offense or defense operation that causes the enemy to break down and flee the battlefield
20 Enemy Contact! Now What? Attack? Exploit? Pursuit? Defend? Retrograde? Hasty or Deliberate?Exploit?Pursuit?Defend?Retrograde?Delay?Withdrawal?