Presentation on theme: "have I have traveled have You have worked Hehas He has gone She has She has prepared Ithas It has jumped have We have waited have You have planned have."— Presentation transcript:
have I have traveled have You have worked Hehas He has gone She has She has prepared Ithas It has jumped have We have waited have You have planned have They have tried ve I‘ve traveled ve You’ve worked He’s He’s gone She’s She’s prepared It’s It’s jumped ve We’ve waited ve You’ve planned ve They’ve tried contracted form normal form To have + particípio do verbo principal To have + particípio do verbo principal
have I have tried. have You have done. Hehas He has gone. She has She has prepared. Have? Have I tried ? Have? Have you done ? Has he? Has he gone ? Has she? Has she prepared ? Forma interrogativa
havetried I have tried havedone You have done. Hehasgone He has gone. She hasprepared She has prepared. havenottried I have not tried. havenotdone You have not done. Hehasnot gone He has not gone. Shehas notprepared She has not prepared. Formas abreviadas have nothaven’t have not = haven’t has nothasn’t has not = hasn’t Forma negativa
have tried I have tried... haveworked You have worked... Hehasgone He has gone... Para indicar uma ação passada sem tempo definido. triedyesterday I tried yesterday. worked last night You worked last night. went two days ago He went to London two days ago. Aplicações 1 mas
Para representar uma ação que tem se repetido recentemente. Shehasdone She has done that exercise many times several times more than twice more than three times (a ação se repetiu várias vezes) Aplicações 2
O "Present Perfect" também é usado quando uma ação que iniciou no passado se prolonga até o momento presente. Aplicações 3 Johnhas writtensince John has written reports since 1980. (ele começou escreve-los em 1980 e até hoje os escreve) Susanhas observed for Susan has observed birds for five years. (Susan começou a observar há cinco anos atrás e ainda hoje observa)
AlreadyYetJustNeverEver Advérbios usados com o “Present perfect”. LatelyRecently So far Up to now Aplicações 4
"já" Significa "já" e aparece nas formas afirmativa e interrogativa. ALREADY He has already sent He has already sent those samples. have already gone They have already gone to England. Hashealreadysent? Has he already sent those samples ? Havealreadygone? Have they already gone to England?
"ainda""já" Significa "ainda" e "já" e aparece nas formas interrogativa e negativa. YET Hehasn'twritten yet (ainda ) He hasn't written the article yet. (ainda ) haven't goneyet (ainda ) They haven't gone there yet. (ainda ) Hashe writtenyet ? (já ) Has he written the article yet ? (já ) Havegoneyet ? (já ) Have they gone there yet ? (já )
"exatamente, precisamente ou acabar de" (O advérbio "just" indica que a ação aconteceu recentemente) Significa "exatamente, precisamente ou acabar de" e aparece entre o verbo "to have" e o “verbo principal no particípio”. (O advérbio "just" indica que a ação aconteceu recentemente) JUST He hasjust eaten He has just eaten the sandwich. have just fixed They have just fixed the problem.
"nunca" Significa "nunca" e aparece entre o verbo "to have" e o verbo principal no particípio. NEVER He has never sung He has never sung that song. have never talked They have never talked to her.
"alguma vez" Significa "alguma vez" e aparece entre o verbo "to have” e o verbo principal no particípio. EVER Hassheever tested ? Has she ever tested you with those silly questions ? Haveever heard? Have you ever heard about bad cops in NYPD ?
"ultimamente"“recentemente” Significam "ultimamente" e “recentemente” e aparecem no final da frase. LATELY / RECENTLY Hehasworkedlately He has worked a lot lately. haven’t gonelately They haven’t gone anywhere lately. Hehasstudied recently He has studied Math recently. haven’t givenrecently They haven’t given any help recently.
“até aqui”“até agora” Significam “até aqui” ou “até agora” e geralmente aparecem no final da frase. SO FAR / UP TO NOW have doneso far The children have done eleven exercises so far. Samhas savedup to now Sam has saved a lot of money up to now.
Exercise 1 Complete the sentences using the verbs in the present perfect tense: 1.I___________to Boston many times. (to go) 2.My two sisters_____________too much. (to work) 3.My brother____________ a lot. (to travel) 4.Bill and that girl _______just________ to live in London. (to decide) 5.Becky ___________for a new job. (to look) have has havedecided has havegone worked traveled looked
6. Jane ________to send the message. (to try) 7. Meg and I _____just______up smoking. (to give) 8.It ___________in Southern California. (to rain) 9.Your sister__________ money on silly things. (to spend) 10.George _________“Love for sale” all the time. (to sing) has has has havegiven has tried rained sung spent
the past tense the present perfect tense In the following sentences, supply either the past tense or the present perfect tense of the verbs in parentheses. so far 1. I __________ everything so far. It’s useless! (to try) last night 2. Her boss_____to New York city last night. (to go) several times 3.They _________the report several times. (to read) in 1990 4. I_____that woman in Berlin in 1990. (to meet) just 5.They_____ just _____ the report about UFOs. (to read) Exercise 2 have tried went met have read have read
a few days ago 6.I ______to him a few days ago. (to talk) never 7.He____ never _____to Seattle. (to be) ever 8.______ you ever _____ the rain? (to see) last Winter 9.They ________to Paris last Winter. (to travel) last year 10.We____that movie last year. (to see) has been Have seen traveled talked saw
Test 1 Check the right alternative; I___________him many years ago. We________good friends since then. a) met; were b) met; have been c) have met; have been d) have met; were e) met; are
Test 2 (UEPG) - My friend__________her grandparents since Christmas. a) saw b) hasn’t seen c) doesn’t seen d) haven’t seen e) were seen
Test 3 (UNESP) - Assinale a alternativa correta. We're still waiting for Bill. He ______ yet. a) hasn't come b) haven't come c) didn't come d) doesn't come e) hadn't come
Test 4 (ITA-SP) - Sarah_________classes lately, has she? a) didn’t attend b) haven’t attend c) attended d) hasn’t attended e) doesn’t attend
Test 5 (UNESP – SP) - Fill in the blanks with the correct verb forms: He_________ learning English five years ago but he________ it yet. a) has started - does not learn; b) started - has not learned; c) has started - learned; d) started - have not learned; e) have started - did not learn.