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 Identify the Original Thirteen Colonies and be able to label them on a map.  Know when each colony was founded.  Know the major industries the colony.

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Presentation on theme: " Identify the Original Thirteen Colonies and be able to label them on a map.  Know when each colony was founded.  Know the major industries the colony."— Presentation transcript:

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2  Identify the Original Thirteen Colonies and be able to label them on a map.  Know when each colony was founded.  Know the major industries the colony was known for.  Know when each colony became a state. 2

3 3 JUST HOW LONG DO YOU PLAN ON STAYING?

4 4 The first colonies in North America were along the eastern coast. Settlers from Spain, France, Sweden, Holland, and England claimed land beginning in the 17th century. The struggle for control of this land would continue for more than a hundred years. The first permanent settlement was the English colony at Jamestown, in 1607, now Virginia. The Pilgrims followed in 1620, and set up a colony at Plymouth, now Massachusetts.

5 5 As more people arrived in the New World, more disputes arose over territory. Many wars were fought in the 1600s and 1700s. Soon, the two countries with the largest presence were England and France. The two nations fought for control of North America in what Americans call the French and Indian War ( ). England won the war and got control of Canada, as well as keeping control of all the English colonies.

6 6 By this time, the English colonies numbered 13. They were Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Connecticut, Rhode Island, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Maryland, Delaware, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia.

7 7 These American colonists believed that they had a right to govern themselves. They believed that they shouldn't have to pay so much in taxes to England. A conflict began to build. The English response was to isolate the colonies from each other, in hopes that the American people would not pull together as a whole.

8 8 England closed the port of Boston entirely. Boston was one of the largest ports in America. Closing it meant that Americans couldn't get food and other goods from England or anywhere else, unless they paid extra. But the punishment of Boston backfired. The Americans pulled together as never before. They took up arms against their English. The result was the Revolutionary War, which ended in American victory.

9 9 A new nation was born!!!

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11  Virginia (1607)  Massachusetts (1620)  New York (1626)  Maryland (1633)  Rhode Island (1636)  Connecticut (1636)  Delaware (1638)  New Hampshire (1638)  North Carolina (1653)  South Carolina (1663)  New Jersey (1664)  Pennsylvania (1682)  Georgia (1732) 11 New YorkMassachusetts New Hampshire Rhode Island Connecticut New Jersey Delaware Maryland Georgia South Carolina North Carolina Virginia Pennsylvania Under Spanish rule

12  Rhode Island  Connecticut  New Hampshire  Massachusetts 4

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14  Delaware  New Jersey  New York  Pennsylvania 14

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16 VVirginia MMaryland NNorth Carolina SSouth Carolina GGeorgia 16

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19  The name came from the Dutch, meaning “red island.” FOUNDEDECONOMIC ACTIVITIES DATE IT OFFICIALLY BECAME A STATE 1636LIVESTOCK DAIRY FISHING TIMBER MAY 29,

20  Its name came from an Algonquin word, meaning “beside the long tidal river.” 20 FOUNDEDECONOMIC ACTIVITIES DATE IT OFFICIALLY BECAME A STATE 1636WHEAT CORN FISHING FEBRUARY 6, 1788

21 NNamed for the “county of Hampshire in England”. 21 FOUNDEDECONOMIC ACTIVITIES DATE IT OFFICIALLY BECAME A STATE 1638POTATOES FISHING SHIPBUILDING MANUFACTURING TEXTILES JUNE 21, 1788

22  Name came from a tribal word meaning “large hill place.” 22 FOUNDEDECONOMIC ACTIVITIES DATE IT OFFICIALLY BECAME A STATE 1620CORN LIVESTOCK TIMBER SHIPBUILDING FEBRUARY 6, 1788

23  Named for the Delaware tribe and an early governor of Virginia, “Lord de la Warr.” 23 FOUNDEDECONOMIC ACTIVITIES DATE IT OFFICIALLY BECAME A STATE 1638FISHING TIMBER DECEMBER 7, 1787

24 .  Named for the “Duke of York.” 24 FOUNDEDECONOMIC ACTIVITIES DATE IT OFFICIALLY BECAME A STATE 1626SHIPBUILDING IRON WORK FARMING RAISING CATTLE INDIGO JULY 26, 1788

25 ..  Named for the “Isle of Jersey in England.” 25 FOUNDEDECONOMIC ACTIVITIES DATE IT OFFICIALLY BECAME A STATE 1664IRON WORK TIMBER DECEMBER 18, 1787

26  Named for William Penn and for the Latin word sylvania, meaning “forest”. 26 FOUNDEDECONOMIC ACTIVITIES DATE IT OFFICIALLY BECAME A STATE 1682WHEAT CORN CATTLE PAPER MAKING SHIPBUILDING TEXTILES DECEMBER 12, 1787

27  Named for England’s Queen Elizabeth I. 27 FOUNDEDECONOMIC ACTIVITIES DATE IT OFFICIALLY BECAME A STATE 1607TOBACCO WHEAT CORN JUNE 25, 1788

28  Named for “Queen Henrietta Maria of England.” 28 FOUNDEDECONOMIC ACTIVITIES DATE IT OFFICIALLY BECAME A STATE 1633CORN WHEAT RICE INDIGO IRON WORK SHIPBUILDING APRIL 28, 1788

29  Name came from the Latin word carolus, meaning “Charles.” 29 FOUNDEDECONOMIC ACTIVITIES DATE IT OFFICIALLY BECAME A STATE 1653INDIGO RICE TOBACCO NOVEMBER 21, 1789

30 LLike North Carolina, the name came from the Latin word carolus, meaning “Charles.” 30 FOUNDEDECONOMIC ACTIVITIES DATE IT OFFICIALLY BECAME A STATE 1663INDIGO RICE TOBACCO COTTON CATTLE MAY 23, 1788

31  Named for England’s King George II. 31 FOUNDEDECONOMIC ACTIVITIES DATE IT OFFICIALLY BECAME A STATE 1664RICE SUGAR INDIGO JANUARY 2, 1788

32 32 The people ate pig, turkey, corn, bread, cornmeal mush, corn bread, rabbit, fish, chickens…

33 33 Smoking Meat Milking Cows Gardening Child Care Sewing Cleaning Weaving Spinning

34 34 Planting Crops Building Fences Butchering Livestock Collecting Wood Construction Fishing

35 35 The children played tag, marbles, hopscotch, hide-and-seek.

36 36 Children were taught Christianity and their parents served as tutors at home. Once they became of age, they went to Europe to continue their studies.

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38  December  A protest against the Tea Act of  England refused to send 3 shiploads of tea back to England, so colonists dressed up as Indians boarded the ships and tossed the tea into Boston Harbor. 38

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40  Paul Revere was a successful silversmith in April  He rode from Boston to Lexington to warn John Hancock and Sam Adams of the movements of the British Army. 40

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42  The American Revolution lasted from

43  The Treaty of Paris was signed in the fall of

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