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THE GROWTH OF THE THIRTEEN COLONIES 1624-1760. Colonies Grow and Develop Differently There are 13 colonies. There are 13 colonies. They are along the.

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Presentation on theme: "THE GROWTH OF THE THIRTEEN COLONIES 1624-1760. Colonies Grow and Develop Differently There are 13 colonies. There are 13 colonies. They are along the."— Presentation transcript:

1 THE GROWTH OF THE THIRTEEN COLONIES 1624-1760

2 Colonies Grow and Develop Differently There are 13 colonies. There are 13 colonies. They are along the Atlantic coast. They are along the Atlantic coast. They were divided into three groups They were divided into three groups  New England  Middle  Southern The ways of life were different. The ways of life were different.

3 Ways of Life Climate differed Climate differed Government Government Religions Religions

4 The New England Colonies The Puritans and the Pilgrims united and formed the colony of Massachusetts The Puritans and the Pilgrims united and formed the colony of Massachusetts The colony of Connecticut was founded by Thomas Hooker. He believed that the leaders where becoming to powerful in Massachusetts. The colony of Connecticut was founded by Thomas Hooker. He believed that the leaders where becoming to powerful in Massachusetts. Rhode Island was found by Roger Williams Rhode Island was found by Roger Williams The final colony was New Hampshire The final colony was New Hampshire

5 Life in Colonial England Most New Englanders were: Most New Englanders were:  Farmers  Trade  Sailing and by the sea They used ships called schooners were used to catch cod They used ships called schooners were used to catch cod They also were known for whaling They also were known for whaling They used the whales for oil They used the whales for oil Boston was the largest city in the New England colonies. Boston was the largest city in the New England colonies.

6 Life in Colonial New England Schooling was very important to New Englanders. Schooling was very important to New Englanders. They believed that children should be able to read so they can read the Bible. They believed that children should be able to read so they can read the Bible. Massachusetts past a law about public education in 1647. Massachusetts past a law about public education in 1647. The law said every town with 50 families or more must have a school. The law said every town with 50 families or more must have a school.

7 The Middle Colonies The middle colonies unlike the other colonies had settlers from all different countries: The middle colonies unlike the other colonies had settlers from all different countries:  Europe  Germany  Holland  Sweden Henry Hudson explored the waterway called the Hudson River. Henry Hudson explored the waterway called the Hudson River. The Dutch built a settlement called New Amsterdam. The Dutch built a settlement called New Amsterdam. New Amsterdam then became New York when it was attacked by the English. New Amsterdam then became New York when it was attacked by the English. The English also took New Sweden from the Dutch and called it New Jersey. The English also took New Sweden from the Dutch and called it New Jersey.

8 The Middle Colony Of Pennsylvania William Penn a Quaker discovered Pennsylvania. William Penn a Quaker discovered Pennsylvania. The Quakers had limited rights. The Quakers had limited rights. They did not belong to the Church of England. They did not belong to the Church of England. They were peace loving people. They were peace loving people. They believed in NO WAR. They believed in NO WAR. Penn was given land by King Charles II and Penn said this land would be used as a “FREE COLONY”. Penn was given land by King Charles II and Penn said this land would be used as a “FREE COLONY”. Penn was also given the colony of Delaware Penn was also given the colony of Delaware

9 The Middle Colony Of Pennsylvania Founded in 1682 by Penn Founded in 1682 by Penn Became a special place of freedom Became a special place of freedom People earned a trial by jury People earned a trial by jury All people had the same rights in Pennsylvania All people had the same rights in Pennsylvania

10 Life in the Middle Colonies People lived on large farms far apart from each other. People lived on large farms far apart from each other. Families home schooled their children. Families home schooled their children. The farms produced grains such as corn and wheat. The farms produced grains such as corn and wheat. They were known as the “Breadbasket of America”. They were known as the “Breadbasket of America”. Beaver fur was common for trade. Beaver fur was common for trade.

11 The Southern Colonies Lord Baltimore founded the colony of Maryland. Lord Baltimore founded the colony of Maryland. Maryland was the first colony to pass a law granting religious freedom. Maryland was the first colony to pass a law granting religious freedom. It was called the Act of Toleration It was called the Act of Toleration Georgia was not a colony of religious freedom. Georgia was not a colony of religious freedom. Georgia was used as a refuge for prisoners. Georgia was used as a refuge for prisoners. The prisoners were poor people who could not afford to pay their debt. The prisoners were poor people who could not afford to pay their debt. Georgia then became a colony where people could work of their debt and gain a new start. Georgia then became a colony where people could work of their debt and gain a new start.

12 The Southern Colonies The Carolinas were discovered and divided in the North and South because of large settlement populations. The Carolinas were discovered and divided in the North and South because of large settlement populations. Virginia was one of the last colonies. Virginia was one of the last colonies. They came for religious freedom They came for religious freedom They came for a chance to prosper. They came for a chance to prosper.

13 Farms and Plantations in the Southern Colonies The farms produced large plantations of rice and tobacco. The farms produced large plantations of rice and tobacco. The big plantations were started along rivers on the coast. The big plantations were started along rivers on the coast. There were no established schools. Children were taught skill and craft. There were no established schools. Children were taught skill and craft.

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