What is stress? ◦ Stress - the reaction of the body and mind to everyday challenges and demands What causes stress? ◦ Stressors cause stress. They can be real, imagined, anticipated, or unexpected. ◦ Stressor – anything that causes stress
Can stress be good? Your perception of a situation determines if stress is positive or negative.
Can be positive or negative Positive stress can motivate or inspire Stress is negative when it interferes with your ability to perform. ◦ Negative stress can cause distraction, anger, frustration, a feeling of being overwhelmed or becoming impatient.
Three Stages of Stress Response 1. Alarm 2. Resistance 3. Fatigue
Alarm Mind and body go on high alert. Both nervous and endocrine systems are activated. Body activates the “fight or flight” response in preparation to run from threat or fight it.
Hormone secreted from the Hypothalamus acts on Pituitary Gland
Pituitary secrets a hormone that acts on the Adrenal glands.
Adrenal Glands secrete adrenaline, which is the “emergency hormone” that prepares the body to respond to a stressor.
Pupils dilate Increase in perspiration Increase in heart rate Rise in blood pressure Faster respiration rate Narrowing of arteries to internal organs and skin Increased blood flow to muscles and brain Increase in muscle tension Release of blood sugar, fats, and cholesterol.
Resistance Exposure forces your body to adapt and react to a stressor. Results may vary ◦ Higher performance ◦ Anxiety
Fatigue Prolonged exposure to stress will cause your body to lose its ability to adapt. Exhaustion will lead to your body’s inability to manage other stressors effectively.
Psychosomatic Response – the physical reaction that results from stress rather than from an injury or illness Headaches Weakened immune system High blood pressure Grinding teeth or clenching jaw Digestive disorders
Avoid stressful situations Use refusal skills Plan ahead Think positive!!
Avoiding all stress is impossible! Manage stressful situations by: Practice relaxation techniques ◦ Deep breathing ◦ Thinking about more pleasant thoughts ◦ Stretching Redirect your energy in a positive way ◦ Exercise ◦ Friendly competition ◦ Creative project Seek Support ◦ Friends, family, teachers you trust can provide objective views and valuable advice. ◦ Sometimes professional support is needed.