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Absolutism in Russia Objective: Students will understand the importance of the absolute monarchs of Russia. Ex. Peter the Great.

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Presentation on theme: "Absolutism in Russia Objective: Students will understand the importance of the absolute monarchs of Russia. Ex. Peter the Great."— Presentation transcript:

1 Absolutism in Russia Objective: Students will understand the importance of the absolute monarchs of Russia. Ex. Peter the Great

2 The First Czar Became king of Russia in He was 3 years old. Became king of Russia in He was 3 years old. His mother along with some boyars ruled for him until His mother along with some boyars ruled for him until Struggled for power with nobles (boyars) Struggled for power with nobles (boyars)

3 Rule by TERROR Ivan turns against boyars in Ivan turns against boyars in He thought they had poisoned his wife (Anastasia). He thought they had poisoned his wife (Anastasia). He kills them and takes their lands. He kills them and takes their lands. Beats his pregnant daughter-in-law and then kills his own son. Beats his pregnant daughter-in-law and then kills his own son. Kind of went crazy. Kind of went crazy.

4 Rise of the Romanovs Ivan’s heir is weak. He was physically and mentally unable to rule Russia. Ivan’s heir is weak. He was physically and mentally unable to rule Russia. He dies without an heir. He dies without an heir. The boyars fight over who will be king. The boyars fight over who will be king. Choose Anastasia’s grandnephew. Choose Anastasia’s grandnephew. Michael Romanov comes to power in Michael Romanov comes to power in The Romanov’s strengthened the government The Romanov’s strengthened the government They also restored order to Russia. They also restored order to Russia.

5 Peter the Great Becomes czar in Becomes czar in Begins to reform Russia. Begins to reform Russia. Traveled to Europe to get ideas on how to westernize or modernize Russia. Traveled to Europe to get ideas on how to westernize or modernize Russia.

6 Russia Is cut off geographically from Europe. Is cut off geographically from Europe. Culturally isolated and different from the rest of Europe. Culturally isolated and different from the rest of Europe. Different religions. Different religions. They were slavic and had different traditions than the rest of Europe. They were slavic and had different traditions than the rest of Europe. They grew beards and wore more drab clothing. They grew beards and wore more drab clothing.

7 Reforms and Westernization Brings Orthodox Church under state control Brings Orthodox Church under state control Reduces power of great landowners Reduces power of great landowners Modernizes army by having European officers train soldiers. Modernizes army by having European officers train soldiers. Brings other Europeans engineers, scientists. Brings other Europeans engineers, scientists. Introduces potatoes Introduces potatoes Starts first newspaper Starts first newspaper Raises women’s status Raises women’s status Adopts Western Fashion Adopts Western Fashion Advances Education Advances Education

8 St. Petersburg Peter wants a seaport to make western travel easier. Peter wants a seaport to make western travel easier. Fight Sweden to win port on Baltic Fight Sweden to win port on Baltic 1703 begins the building of the city begins the building of the city. Took a long time and many die of disease. Took a long time and many die of disease.

9 Absolutism in England Henry VIII Henry VIII Wives Wives Edward Edward Changes Anglican church Changes Anglican church Mary Mary Brings Catholicism back to England Brings Catholicism back to England Bloody Mary Bloody Mary

10 Elizabeth I Elizabeth I Elizabeth I Well educated Well educated Loved theater Loved theater 5 self taught languages 5 self taught languages Modeled herself after Machiavelli’s Prince Modeled herself after Machiavelli’s Prince Didn’t give parliament power Didn’t give parliament power Controls elections Controls elections Navy Navy

11 Elizabeth Politique: navigated middle ground between religions Politique: navigated middle ground between religions Elizabethan Statement: Elizabethan Statement: Conformity to Anglican church in public but could practice whatever in private. Conformity to Anglican church in public but could practice whatever in private. Had to attend Church Had to attend Church Executed Mary Queen of Scotts Executed Mary Queen of Scotts Thiry-Nine Articles: Thiry-Nine Articles: Creed of the Anglican church, compromise between Catholicism and Protestantism

12 The Elizabethan “Bargain” a Parliament:  Would have the power to tax.  Can debate and amend disputed bills. aThe Monarch:  Had the royal perogative [right/choice] on foreign policy.

13 Spanish Armada Sea Dogs Sea Dogs Pope will pay Philip to defeat the English Jezebel Pope will pay Philip to defeat the English Jezebel Philip sends 130 ships Philip sends 130 ships England has smaller ships. England has smaller ships. Can go to port Can go to port With the help of the Sea/weather they are defeated With the help of the Sea/weather they are defeated


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