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Absolute Rulers of Russia. Explain how Russian rulers began to build a stronger Russian state Ivan III: Ruled Russia from 1462-1505 -He conquered much.

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Absolute Rulers of Russia. The Rise of Russia The rise of the Russian Empire, unlike the rise of Western colonial empires, involved only limited commercial.

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Presentation on theme: "Absolute Rulers of Russia. Explain how Russian rulers began to build a stronger Russian state Ivan III: Ruled Russia from 1462-1505 -He conquered much."— Presentation transcript:

1 Absolute Rulers of Russia

2 Explain how Russian rulers began to build a stronger Russian state Ivan III: Ruled Russia from 1462-1505 -He conquered much of the territory around Moscow -He liberated Russia from Mongolia -He centralized the government

3 Explain how Russian rulers began to build a stronger Russian state Ivan IV-Ivan the Terrible -He became ruler at 3. As a result a group called the boyars (land owning nobles) tried to control Ivan. At age 16, he gained control and crowned himself czar (tsar) -He married into the Romanov family -1547 to 1560 are referred to as the good period when he added land, codes of law and ruled fairly

4 Explain how Russian rulers began to build a stronger Russian state After 1560, Ivans bad period began. His wife died, and he thought the boyars had poisoned her. He organized a special police force whose job it was to hunt down enemies and kill them the wore black and rode black horses. A new class of nobles were created totally loyal to Ivan. During an argument with his oldest son, he killed him.

5 St. Basils Cathedral

6 Explain how Russian rulers began to build a stronger Russian state The remaining son was not a capable leader. With no heir, the time became known as the Time of Troubles A new leader was chosenMichael Romanov, the grandnephew of Ivan the Terribles wife The Romanovs will rule from 1613 to 1917.

7 Explain how Russian rulers began to build a stronger Russian state/Differences between Russian and western Europe. Czar Peter I: Peter the Great (1682-1725) In Russia, landowners treated serf like property. If the land was sold, the serf was sold also. Serfs could not move. Russia developed differently from Western Europe. Why?

8 Explain how Russian rulers began to build a stronger Russian state/Differences between Russian and western Europe. *Russia had looked to Constantinople, not to Rome, for leadership. *Mongol rule had cut off Russia from the Renaissance and the Age of Exploration. *Geographic barriers also isolated Russia: the only port was iced in part of the year *Religious differences widened the gap: Russians were Eastern Orthodox

9 Describe Peter the Greats reforms and their impact on Russia Peter was determined to modernize Russia He wanted a warm- water port He went on the Grand Embassy to learn about Western Europe Westernization began- to do this, he needed to increase his power

10 Describe Peter the Greats reforms and their impact on Russia REFORMS *The Russian Orthodox Church was placed under his control. *He reduced the power of the great landowners. *He modernized the army and made it a lifelong job-200,000 men; he raised taxes to pay for it.

11 Describe Peter the Greats reforms and their impact on Russia REFORMS-Westernizing *introduced potatoes *started Russias first newspaper *raised womens status by having them attend social gatherings *ordered the nobles to give up their traditional clothes for Western fashions *advanced education by opening a school for navigation and introducing schools for arts and sciences (BTW, he also outlawed beards and made a new calendar)

12 Describe Peter the Greats reforms and their impact on Russia The Port: Russia fought a war with Sweden (21 years), but was able to get its window on Europe on the Baltic coast-the city became known as St. Petersburg Building the city was not easy. An estimated 25,000 to 100,000 people died. It became the new capital.


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