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The Rise of Russia. Geography Cold Surrounded by water but……no warm water port for trading Forest Grasslands.

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Presentation on theme: "The Rise of Russia. Geography Cold Surrounded by water but……no warm water port for trading Forest Grasslands."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Rise of Russia

2 Geography Cold Surrounded by water but……no warm water port for trading Forest Grasslands


4 People Mix of Slavic tribes and Vikings

5 City of Kiev 1 st major city Present day Ukraine

6 Vladimir Converted Russian people to Christianity Linked emperor with religion –Influenced by Byzantine Empire –Common trade routes

7 Begin Contact with Byzantine Orthodox Christianity Cyrillic Alphabet

8 Mongols invade Between the Crusades and Mongols, Kievan Empire declined Kiev destroyed in 1240 –Mongols isolated Russians from Europe


10 Ivan III Russian Prince Freed Russians from Mongol rule in 1480 Crowned himself “ Czar ” Proclaimed Russia would be 3 rd Rome Moved to Moscow

11 Ivan IV (Ivan the Terrible) 1533 1547-1560 –Good Ivan 1560 1584 Bad Ivan Execution of traitors/enemies of boyers (nobles) Secret police

12 Ivan the Terrible Ivan IV takes the throne in 1533 - he is 3 years old His mother rules on his behalf until her death when Ivan is 5

13 Ivan the Terrible Boyars- the landowning nobility in Russia The boyars fight for control of the young prince and for POWER - Ivan is terrified

14 Ivan the Terrible Ivan crowns himself Czar of Russia when he is 16 years old He is the first Czar of Russia Czar = Emperor

15 Ivan the Terrible “ The Good Period ” 1547 to 1560 Ivan conquers land in an effort to boost the economy - wants to have sea routes to Russia - goes to war with Sweden and Poland Ivan later loses his new territories

16 Ivan the Terrible “ Ivan the Terrible ” Ivan turns against Russia Oprichniki- Ivan ’ s secret police -dressed in all black and rode black horses - murdered anyone Ivan suspected of being a traitor (mostly boyars) Murdered a possible 5,000 or more subjects

17 Ivan the Terrible Ivan ’ s most terrible act Ivan murders his only viable heir in a fit of rage in 1581 Leads to a later period, the Time of Troubles, when boyars fought and there was no powerful czar to control them

18 Absolute Rulers of Russia From Ivan IV to Ivan the Terrible

19 Was Ivan terrible? In 1581, Ivan beat his pregnant daughter-in-law for wearing immodest clothing, which may have caused a miscarriage. His son, also named Ivan, upon learning of this, engaged in a heated argument with his father, which resulted in Ivan striking his son in the head with his pointed staff, causing his son's (accidental) death.

20 Killed son Accused of poisoning wife Younger son took thrown at death and died without an heir

21 Romanov Dynasty After years of quarrel, boyars chose next leader, Michael Romanov beginning Romanov dynasty Restored power to government

22 Isolation Mongol Rule and religious differences had kept Russia from interaction with Europe. (missed Renaissance and Age of Exploration) No Seaport for trade Russians looked to Constantinople for guidance, not Rome

23 Peter the Great- Absolute Monarch 6 ’ 6 Prior to becoming czar at 24, Peter went and studied in the “ west ” as a commoner Decided it was best to westernize Russia Russia needed warm water port to trade

24 Westernization by Peter Reduced power of great landowners Introduced potatoes Western clothes and fashions –Beard Tax Advanced schools (stressed education) Increased women status Newspaper Fought Sweden for warm water port

25 St. Petersburg Peter ’ s “ window to the west ” New capital of Russia

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