Presentation on theme: "1500-1660 Mrs. Dewberry CP English 11. K-W-L Chart KWL stands for: – What I know – What I want to know – What I learned Start filling the chart out by."— Presentation transcript:
Mrs. Dewberry CP English 11
K-W-L Chart KWL stands for: – What I know – What I want to know – What I learned Start filling the chart out by writing down what you know about the Renaissance in the What I Know column.
K-W-L Chart Under the Categories of Information write the following: 1. Humanism 2. New Technologies 3. Reformation 4. Elizabeth-The Virgin Queen 5. Spanish Armada
K-W-L Chart Next, fill out the “What I Want to Know” based on the information given. – Example: What is the reformation? – You will keep the K-W-L Chart until we are finished with the background information. It will be collected, so please keep it in a safe place!
Rediscovering Ancient Greece and Rome Renaissance refers to “rebirth” – It refers particularly to renewed interest in classical learning (writings of ancient Greece and Rome) Fifteenth-century scholars rediscovered the writings of ancient Greece and Rome. At this time, people became more curious about themselves and their world.
It All Began in Italy: A Flourish of Genius The Renaissance began in Italy in the 14 th century and lasted until the 16 th century. The church was very rich and powerful (even in political affairs). Catholic Church financed many intellectual and artistic endeavors.
Humanism: Questions About the Good Life Humanism- an intellectual movement where such questions as the following were answered: – What is a good life? – How do I lead a good life? Humanist’s aim was to use the classics (Greece and Rome) to strengthen Christianity.
The New Technology: A Flood of Print At this time, books were written by hand, so it was expensive to reproduce them. Johannes Gutenberg [Germany] invented the printing press. This helped spread new knowledge, making more books available to more people than ever before.
Two Friends—Two Humanists Desiderius Eramus and Thomas More, both humanists and close friends, helped shape European thought and history. More wrote Utopia.
The Reformation: Breaking with the Church Reformation, where countries rejected the authority of the pope and the Italian churchmen. Strong feelings of patriotism and national identity made the English people resent the financial burdens imposed on them by the pope in Rome.
King Versus Pope: All for an Heir King of England the the pope’s conflict continued into the Renaissance time period. King Henry VIII wanted to divorce his wife, Catherine of Argon whom he had been married to for 24 years. – Wanted to divorce her for two reasons: She was too old to give him the male heir he thought he must have. The king wished to marry Anne Boleyn, who had been his “favorite” for several years.
King Versus Pope: All for an Heir Pope refused Henry’s annulment. Henry simply declared himself head of the English Church. – Henry then appointed a new archbishop of Canterbury. – Archbishop declared Henry’s marriage to Catherine invalid.
King Versus Pope: All for an Heir Henry closed all England’s monasteries. Sir Thomas More remained loyal to the pope. – Henry ordered him to be beheaded. This was the beginning of the Protestant Reformation in England (wanted to get rid of things that were seen as “popish”).
Henry VIII: Renaissance Man and Executioner Henry VIII had six wives: – Catherine of Aragon (daughter Mary) – Anne Boleyn (daughter Elizabeth) – Jane Seymour (son Edward) – Anne of Cleves – Catherine Howard – Catherine Parr Divorced, beheaded, died Divorced, beheaded, survived. Henry VIII created the Royal Navy - This increased England’s strength and ensured its security by building up the Royal Navy.
The Boy King and Bloody Mary When Henry died, his son Edward was crowned king at age nine. Edward died of tuberculosis Mary, his half-Spanish, half-sister became Queen. Mary = Catholic= restored power to pope and killed Protestants.
Elizabeth: The Virgin Queen After Mary Tudor died childless, Elizabeth I became Queen. Like her father, she quickly and efficiently settled disorder both in her kingdom and in her own household. Rejected the pope and reestablished the Church of England Elizabeth’s intelligence and independence made her reign one of the most successful in England’s history.
Elizabeth: The Virgin Queen Elizabeth’s cousin also named Mary (Stuart, Queen of Scots) was heir to England’s Throne. Plotted against Elizabeth to gain control of the throne. Elizabeth ordered Mary to the chopping block.
The Spanish Armada Sinks: A Turning Point in History In 1588, after Mary was executed, King Philip of Spain invaded England. The English Royal Navy defeated the Spanish Armada. This assured England’s independence from the powerful Catholic countries of the Mediterranean.
A Flood of Literature Elizabeth encouraged and inspired many writers. With the era of peace and prosperity that followed the defeat of the Spanish Armada, the English started writing like never before!
Decline of the Renaissance: A Dull Man Succeeds a Witty Woman Elizabeth died childless Political climate in England began to change after her death. England Renaissance eventually ended around 1660 due to the challenges of religion.