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The Tudor’s & The English Reformation Mr. Marsh Columbus North High School Please refer to family tree timeline as we complete this power point.

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Presentation on theme: "The Tudor’s & The English Reformation Mr. Marsh Columbus North High School Please refer to family tree timeline as we complete this power point."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Tudor’s & The English Reformation Mr. Marsh Columbus North High School Please refer to family tree timeline as we complete this power point

2 Radical Reformers 100s of Protestant sects developed, some more radical than others –Anabaptists Rejected infant baptism –Baptists, Quakers, Mennonites and Amish can trace their ancestry back to the Anabaptists

3 English Reformation John Wycliffe was calling for reform back in the early 1300s By 1520 English clergy debated the idea of reform, however it was not the work of religious leaders but was the job of King Henry VIII

4 Arthur Prince of Wales Heir to the Throne Arthur Dies shortly after his marriage to Catherine of Aragon His marriage was an attempt to unite Spain and England

5 The Wives of Henry VIII

6 I need a son. I have been married for 20 years and my wife, Catherine of Aragon is too old to have any more children. Who will inherit my throne when I die? I spy an attractive lady – in-waiting called Anne Boleyn. If only I could marry her instead. Will the Pope give me a divorce? The Church is very rich. I need money for my luxurious court. If only I could get my hands on it. The new Protestant ideas are spreading in Germany. Princes there are reforming their churches and throwing out the Catholic Church. Some people in England like the new Protestant ideas. They believe that the Bible should be in English not Latin. The Church takes money out my country in taxes to help build St Peter’s in Rome. What do I get in return?

7 Henry VIII and the English Reformation Henry VIII stood firmly against the Protestant Revolt In 1527 Henry wanted to end his marriage with Catharine of Aragon because she only produced one child, Mary –Henry wanted a boy –Henry asked the pope to annul the marriage and his request was refused

8 Break with Rome With the help of the British Parliament Henry passed the Act of Supremacy which made Henry not the Pope the head of the Church in England Those who opposed Henry were tried for treason –Sir Thomas More was executed and later became a Saint for his stand against Henry VIII

9 Catherine of Aragon Born in Spain Had been married to Henry’s brother Arthur who died Married Henry in 1509 She had six children but only one survived – a daughter, Mary Henry divorced Catherine as he had fallen in love with her lady in waiting

10 Mary I (Bloody Mary) Queen of England Marries Philip II of Spain Tires to bring Catholicsim back into England Has no children and dies in 1558

11 Anne Boleyn Born in England Had two children but only one survived, a daughter, Elizabeth Anne was arrested for being unfaithful to Henry She was beheaded

12 Elizabeth I Queen of England Never Marries Known as the Virgin Queen Seen as one of the greatest Queens in English History

13 Jane Seymour Born in England Jane was betrothed to Henry within 24 hrs of Anne’s death She had one child, a son, Edward Jane died two weeks after giving birth

14 Edward VI King of England Takes over the throne when his father dies –He was 9 years of age –Dies of TB

15 Anne of Cleves Born in Germany Henry had a painting of her but when he met her he thought she was ugly They married but did not live together They had no children Henry divorced her

16 Catherine Howard Born in England She was the lady in waiting for Anne She was very attractive There were no children Henry heard rumours she was being unfaithful She was beheaded

17 Catherine Parr Born in England She had been married twice before They had no children Henry married her to look after him in his old age She outlived him as Henry died in 1547

18 PROTESTANT REFORMATION The English Reformation –William Tyndale – 1525 Influenced by Luther, Erasmus and the earlier John Wyclif Began translating the Bible into English (some of his work appears in the King James Bible)

19 PROTESTANT REFORMATION The English Reformation –William Tyndale – 1525 –King Henry VIII Catherine of Aragon –Anne Boleyn Act in Restraint of Appeals (1533) –Henry dissolved English monasteries

20 PROTESTANT REFORMATION The English Reformation –Edward VI – England moves toward Protestantism –Mary Tudor (daughter of Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon) England moves toward Catholicism –Elizabeth (daughter of Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn) England moves toward religious stability –Supreme Governor of the Church of England, Etc.


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