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THE RELIGIOUS QUESTION FROM REFORMATION TO TOLERATION THROUGH disagreement, martyrdom, civil war by francesca derla, liceo enriques.

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Presentation on theme: "THE RELIGIOUS QUESTION FROM REFORMATION TO TOLERATION THROUGH disagreement, martyrdom, civil war by francesca derla, liceo enriques."— Presentation transcript:

1 THE RELIGIOUS QUESTION FROM REFORMATION TO TOLERATION THROUGH disagreement, martyrdom, civil war by francesca derla, liceo enriques

2 THE CAUSES  WIDESPREAD ANTICLERICALISM  GREED OF CLERGY  CORRUPTION OF HIGH CLERGY  FOREIGN INTERFERENCE  LONG TRADITION OF BIBLE READING by francesca derla, liceo enriques

3 THE SCHISM ACT OF SUPREMACY HENRY VIII SUPREME HEAD OF THE CHURCH OF ENGLAND by francesca derla, liceo enriques

4 MAIN CHANGES  STATE CONTROL OVER CHURCH BUT  NO RELEVANT DOCTRINAL CHANGES by francesca derla, liceo enriques

5 MAIN CHANGES CONFISCATION OF CHURCH PROPERTIES DESTRUCTION OF MONASTERIES/CONVENTS by francesca derla, liceo enriques

6 BLOODY MARY  REINTRODUCTION OF CATHOLICISM uLATIN MASS uOLD CEREMONIES uENGLAND SUBJECTED TO POWER OF SPAIN 300 PROTESTANTS BURNED ALIVE

7 ELISABETH I A POLICY OF MILDNESS AND TOLERANCE AS LONG AS NO FOREIGN POWER CAN INTERFERE WITH ENGLISH POLITICS TROUBLE IS AVOIDED DESPITE STRONG ANTI- CATHOLIC FEELINGS by francesca derla, liceo enriques

8 KINGS IN TROUBLE z JAMES I u1611: AUTHORISED TRANSLATION OF BIBLE uBOTH CATHOLICS AND PURITANS DISSATISFIED uGUNPOWDER PLOT uMAYFLOWER

9 CHARLES I’s MISTAKES  STRONG DISLIKE OF PURITANS  REINTRODUCTION OF CATHOLIC PRACTICES  ATTEMPT TO IMPOSE UNIFORMITY OF WORSHIP IN SCOTLAND  SUPPORT TO HIGH CHURCH by francesca derla, liceo enriques

10 THE PURITANS  WHO WERE THEY?  WHAT WERE THEY LIKE?  WHAT DID THEY MAINTAIN?  WHAT DID THEY DEMAND?  WHAT DID THEY BELIEVE IN?  WHAT DID THEY OBJECT TO? by francesca derla, liceo enriques

11 WHO WERE THEY?  EXTREME PROTESTANTS  MEMBERS OF THE HOUSE OF COMMONS  MEMBERS OF THE NEW INDUSTRIOUS MIDDLE CLASS –WITH CHARLES I AN IMPORTANT POLITICAL FORCE IN SUPPORT OF THE PARLIAMENT by francesca derla, liceo enriques

12 WHAT WERE THEY LIKE? zIN MORALS HARDWORKING, ENTERPRISING, ACTIVE, INDUSTRIOUS STRICT, SEVERE zPHYSICAL ASPECT SHORT HAIR CLOTHES: AUSTERE, SIMPLE, DARK

13 WHAT DID THEY MAINTAIN? zANGLICAN CHURCH TOO SIMILAR TO CATHOLIC CHURCH uRICH VESTMENTS & ORNAMENTS u“UNDEMOCRATIC”, HIERARCHICAL STRUCTURE

14 WHAT DID THEY DEMAND? IN POLITICS  PARLIAMENTARY LIBERTY  PARLIAMENTARY CONTROL OVER KING’S DECISIONS IN DOCTRINE  A RADICAL CHANGE for A MORE RIGID DISCIPLINE  MORE SIMPLICITY IN CHURCH RITUALS

15 WHAT DID THEY BELIEVE IN RELIGION zIn RELIGION DAILY LIFE zin DAILY LIFE Calvinist theory of predestination man’s individual relationship with god man’s right to interpret the Bible hard work and discipline to obtain salvation strong family life central figure of the father

16 WHAT DID THEY OBJECT TO? ALL FORMS OF ENTERTAINMENT THEATRES, GAMES, LITERATURE, SPORTS IMMORAL, SOURCES OF SIN

17 THE RESTORATION  RETURN OF CHARLES II  WAY OF LIFE  MORAL STANDARDS  RELIGION  END OF REPUBLIC  MORE RELAXED, MORE EXTRAVAGANT CLOTHES  LESS OPPRESSIVE, THEATRES RE-OPEN  RESTORATION OF CHURCH OF ENGLAND by francesca derla, liceo enriques

18 THE GLORIOUS REVOLUTION  PARLIAMENT DEPOSES JAMES  1688 WILLIAM OF ORANGE  1689 TOLERATION ACT  1701 ACT OF SETTLEMENT by francesca derla, liceo enriques


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